A Bibliography of Great War Medicine


This list comprises books relating to, or including, medical work in the First World War, together with a number of general books which set the scene.  Its origin lies in the construction of a bibliography for a book on facial injury in the Great War, and the development of a library relating to medical services of that time to accompany the Gillies Archives at Queen Mary's Hospital, Sidcup. The library has now been transferred to the Brotherton Library, University of Leeds but I am continuing to maintain the online bibliography. 


The annotations are personal comments. 


I would be grateful for notification of any significant omissions; in addition, details are sometimes sketchy for works taken from other bibliographies and amendments would be welcome.  Updates are posted regularly.


The Gillies Archive contained a number of contemporary papers on facial injury, many written by members of staff of the Queen’s Hospital.  These are not included in this bibliography; with a few important exceptions, material that might be considered a pamphlet rather than a book has also been excluded.


Jean-Luc Dupire of Brussels has been most helpful in supplying continental titles.  In particular he offered the Archives a large selection of doctoral theses in French, many from the same collection.  As these are not strictly books (but neither are they journals) I have included them as a separate section together with some German equivalents.


In early 2002 I was contacted by Gary Mitchell of Rochester, NY, who has made a special study (and collection) of items relating to medical services from the USA.  Rather than paste them into the main bibliography I have kept the entire section separate and there is therefore some duplication.  A few of the entries would not qualify under my ground rules for inclusion, but are sufficiently comprehensive or important to be retained.  Many have no listed author and, as researchers may well wish to search for units by number, I have retained Gary’s broad arrangement.  The comments in this section are his.


Some books have been digitised; for some American books see this link, but a search using Google Books may turn up many more.




1.   Books related to the Frognal estate and the origins of the Queen’s Hospital at Sidcup, Kent, UK

2.   Personal accounts which include reference to facial injury

3.   Accounts by, or biographies of, doctors, nurses, ambulancemen and others involved in the care of the wounded soldier

4.   Unit records or histories

5.   Medical and nursing textbooks; texts on management & rehabilitation of disability

6.   General books

7.   Journals of hospitals and other units

8.   Poetry and artistic representations of injury

9.   Bibliographies, catalogues, theses etc

10. Fiction

11. French and German doctoral theses

12. Russian material

13. Miscellaneous continental material

14. Mitchell list of American material

15. Historical plastic surgery texts




1.         Frognal and its origins


Dr Harris' History of Kent, 1719

A view of Frognal House with formal gardens at the time of its then owner, Roland Tryon, is one of the folio plates in this work


Hasted E.  The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent. 

            W.Bristow, Canterbury, 1798

The standard historical survey of Kent, well illustrated with plates and a series of maps of the county hundreds.  Two editions were published; the first, folio, edition was succeeded by a 12 volume Octavo edition with revisions.  Frognal and its history is discussed


Ireland WH.   A New and Complete History of the County of Kent. 

            George Virtue, London, 1828

Contains a plate of Frognal after the formal gardens were replaced with a “Capability Brown” landscape, drawn by George Shepherd


 Webb EA, Miller GW, Beckwith J. The History of Chislehurst: its church, manors and parish. 

George Allen, London, 1899 (reprinted Baron Books for the Chislehurst Society, 1999)

            Contains a digest of the family history and ownership of Frognal and Scadbury Park


Frognal Estate Sale Catalogue.  Strutt & Parker, 1915

Fully illustrated with photographs of Frognal House, its grounds, and the extensive farm and residential lots into which the estate had been divided



2.         Books containing personal accounts of injury and the war


Aitken A.  Gallipoli to the Somme: Recollections of a New Zealand Infantryman

            London, Oxford University Press, 1963


Aldrich M.  On the edge of the war zone.  From the Battle of the Marne to the Entrance of the Stars and Stripes

            Booth, Small Maynard & Co, 1917


Alverdes P.  The Whistlers’ Room (trans B. Creighton)

            London, Martin Secker, 1929

A story of a German hospital room occupied by men injured in the throat, who have tracheostomies and thus “whistled” when attempting to speak.  Classic account of hospital life


Anon (ed).  Letters from Roger I Lee (Lt. Colonel, U.S. Army Medical Corps, 1917-1918

            Brookline, Mass (privately printed), 1962

            Series of chatty letters from May 11th 1917, when Lee crossed the Atlantic, to January 1919.  Photographs include other staff members of Base Hospital No 5 at Camiers


Anon.  The Great Advance.  Tales from the Somme Battlefield told by wounded officers and men on their arrival

at Southampton from the Front.

            London, Cassell, 1916


Anon.  Wounded and a Prisoner of War (by an exchanged Officer). 

            Edinburgh & London, William Blackwood, 1916

Hit by a machine gun bullet at Bethancourt, this anonymous officer was captured during the retreat after Mons and imprisoned at Würtzburg.  He was repatriated in 1915


Armstrong WW.  My first week in Flanders

            London, Smith Elder & Co, 1916

A Captain in the Northumberland Fusiliers, he was wounded at St Julien on the 25th April 1916.  The 1/7th Battalion sustained 470 casualties that day.


Ashurst G (ed Holmes R)  My Bit.  A Lancashire Fusilier at War 1914-1918. 

            Marlborough, The Crowood Press, 1987

Contains a remarkable description of how the front line soldier dealt with lice


Blacker J (ed). Have you forgotten yet?  The First World War memoirs of C.P. Blacker MC, GM

            London, Leo Cooper, 2000

            Blacker was wounded at the end of the war and describes his journey through the medical system with remarkable calm


Blanchin L.  Chez Eux. Souvenirs de guerre et de captivité
Paris, Librairie Delagrave, 1916
The author was wounded in August 1914 and held as a prisoner in German hospitals and camps until June 1915.


Boderke D (ed).  Words from the Wounded.  Injured Soldiers’ view of the Trenches of the First World War

            Countryside, n.d.

A profusely illustrated book derived from two autograph books belonging to a nurse, Cissie Holden, of Blackburn, Lancs


Booth M.  With the B.E.F. in France

London, The Salvation Army, 1916

Diary notes compiled by Adjutant Mary Booth, granddaughter of the founder of the Salvation Army.  An illustrated personal account with some background on the work of the Army in comforting the wounded


Carr W.  A Time to Leave the Ploughshares.  A Gunner Remembers 1917-18.

            London, Robert Hale, 1985

Describes the facial injury of an artillery officer who had only arrived at the front a few hours before


Carrington CE.  Soldiers from the Wars Returning.

            London, Hutchinson & Co, 1965

A classic account from an officer; robust, with no regrets.  Very much a “Haig” man


Carstairs C.  A Generation Missing

            London, William Heinemann, 1930 (repr. Strong Oak Press Ltd, 1989)

            Carroll Carstairs, an American, served with the Royal Artillery and Grenadier Guards having enlisted by claiming to be a Canadian.  He was severely wounded 6 days before the Armistice


“Casualty”.  Contemptible.

            London, Heinemann, 1916

Memoir of the retreat from Mons to the Aisne.  The author appears to have been with the 2nd South Staffs, and was wounded in the head


Cunningham T.  1914-1918: The Final Word

            London, Stagedoor Publishing, 1993

Interviews with survivors, all at the time in their 90s or more (and with memories somewhat dimmed as a result) but including the account of a 104 year old lady ambulance driver


Dawson AJ.  The Great Advance (Battle stories of wounded soldiers, recorded by A.J.D.)

London, Cassell, 1916


 Fraser of Lonsdale.  My Story of St Dunstans

            London, Harrap & Co, 1961

            Ian Fraser was wounded and blinded at the age of 19 on July 23rd 1916.  Treated at St Dunstan’s, he became its head on the death of its founder, Arthur Pearson, in 1924.  While primarily a history of the institution it provides a moving record and personal insight into the lives of many men blinded by war.


Freinet C.  Touché! Souvenirs d’un blessé de guerre

            Atelier du Gué, 1996 (limited edition of 1000)

            Célestin Freinet was the founder of the French educational movement “L’Imprimerie à l’école”; this slim volume was published to celebrate the 100th anniversary of his birth and records his wartime experience as a casualty


Genel R.  Le Journal de mon Père.

Panazol / Paris, Lavauzelle 1990:

Presented by his son, this is the memoir of a soldier, mobilized in 1915, who fought in the infantry.  Injured and paralysed, he was cured by the famous Prof. Babinsky (q.v.) using electric shock treatment.  He joined the French Foreign Legion after the war and served in Morocco where he met Major Zinovi Pechkoff, son of Maxim Gorki, and Colonel Aage (Prince of Denmark and great grandson of King Louis-Philippe of France).


Gibbons F.  And They Thought We Wouldn't Fight

George H. Doran Company, New York, 1918.

Floyd Gibbons, a renowned journalist,  describes being shot in the face at Belleau Wood and his experience as a facial casualty


Glubb J.  Into Battle;  A Soldier's Diary of the Great War. 

            London, Cassell, 1978

Glubb Pasha survived the war and his facial injury (treated at Sidcup, and described here in detail) to play a major part in Britain’s Middle East adventures after the war, although he later fell from favour.


D’Hartoy M.  Au Front. Impressions et souvenirs d'un officier blessé
Paris, Perrin, 1916:

            Maurice d’Hartoy was the pseudonym of Maurice Hanot


D'Hartoy M.  Des cris dans la tempète. Nouvelles impressions et nouveaux récits d'un officier blessé

Paris, Perrin, 1919


Hay MV.  Wounded and a prisoner of war

            Edinburgh & London, William Blackwood & Sons, 1930

            Major Hay (3rd Battalion, Gordon Highlanders) was wounded in the head at the start of the war, eventually being repatriated from Würtzberg


Hennebois C.  Aux Mains De L'allemagne. Journal d'un grand blessé

            Paris, Plon-Nourrit, 1919


Kreisler F.  Four weeks in the trenches

            Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1915

            Fritz Kreisler, the eminent violinist, served briefly on the Russian Front with the Austrian army.  His brief military career ended when a Cossack charge left him with a bayonet wound and a damaged shoulder (he was kicked by a horse).  Kreisler’s wife was a nurse


de Larmandie H.  Blessé, Captif, Délivré. (Wounded, captured and delivered)

Paris, Bloud et Gay, 1916


Lehmann F.  Wir von der Infanterie. Tagebuchblätter eines bayerischens Infanteristen aus fünfjähriger Front- und Lazarettzeit (We Infantry. Leaves from a diary of a Bavarian infantryman who spent 5 years on the battle front and in a military hospital)

München, Lehmanns Verlag, 1929


Leleux C.  Feuilles de route d’un ambulancier

Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1915

            One of a series entitled “La Guerre – les Récits des Témoins”


MacGill P.  The Great Push. 

            London, Caliban Books 1984


Martin B.  Poor Bloody Infantry.  A Subaltern on the Western Front 1916-17.

            London, John Murray, 1987


Mathieson WD.  My Grandfather’s War. 

            Toronto: Macmillan, 1981


Milne JS.  Neurasthenia, Shell-Shock, and a New Life

            Newcastle, R Robinson & Co, 1918

            A slim “self help” manual by a sufferer, carefully and precisely written and with some reasonable advice, based on the bizarre premise that the brain has floated out of position in the skull, disturbing the correct flow of blood


Morelli A.  (in: Marie Sklodowska Curie et la Belgique). Marie Curie sur le front belge pendant la première guerre mondiale.

Brussels, Université Libre de Bruxelles, 1990

About the introduction of X-rays on the front in Belgium by Marie Curie


Nichols A.  Sons of Victory. 

            London, Waterlow & Sons (printers) 1950

A base camp instructor, he was blinded in a training accident while demonstrating demolition techniques; the explosive charge had mistakenly been fitted with an instantaneous fuse


Nobbs G.  Englishman Kamerad!  Right of the British Line. 

            London, Heinemann, 1918

Nobbs served with the London Rifle Brigade (5th Londons) and was sniped from a German strongpoint during an attack, losing his right eye


Olivier, Capitaine.  Onze mois de captivité dans les hôpitaux allemands
Paris, Chapelot, 1916


Tennant N.  A Saturday Night Soldier's War 1913-1918. 

            Waddesdon, The Kylin Press, 1983

Tennant was wounded by a shrapnel fragment which passed through his nose and lodged below the right eye


Vecchini D.  Blessure et belle humeur.

La maison française, 1918




3.         Accounts by, or biographies of, doctors, nurses, ambulancemen and others involved in the care of the wounded soldier


Abraham JJ.  My Balkan Log

            London, Chapman & Hall, 1922

J. Johnston Abraham’s description of his Serbian experience, illustrated with a number of photographs


Abraham JJ.  Surgeon’s Journey.

            London, Heinemann 1957

Abraham was originally posted to Serbia, and thereafter served in Egypt,  Sinai and Palestine


Adam F.  Sentinelles… Prenez garde à vous…”. Souvenirs et enseignements de quatre ans de guerre avec le 23ème R.I., par un médecin

Paris, Legrand, 1933

The author served as a battalion medical officer from November 1914, for three years, then as a regimental medical officer until the end of the war


Alexinskaya T.  Parmi les blessés. Carnet de route d'une aide-doctoresse russe

Paris, Armand Colin, 1916

In English as Alexinsky T. (trans Cannon G) With the Russian wounded, London, Fisher Unwin, 1916


Allbee F.  A Surgeon’s Fight to Rebuild Men

            London, Robert Hale, 1950

Autobiography of the famous American pioneer of bone grafting, with extensive descriptions of his experience on the Western Front, including many observations on facial injury.  He found time to write a monograph on bone grafts (q.v.) although this contains little of military interest


Alport AC.  The lighter side of the War

            London, Hutchinson, 1934

Major Alport RAMC served in S. Africa, on the Salonika front and finally in France


Anderson IW.  Zigzagging

            Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918


Andrew, A. Piatt.  Letters from France

            Privately printed, 1916

This limited edition describes his own early experience as an ambulance driver and comments on war and its horrors.  Andrew later became head of the American Field Service.


Anon.  A War Nurse's diary: sketches from a Belgian field hospital

            New York, Macmillan 1918

An illustrated account of nursing from the outbreak of war to the author’s departure from Belgium in October 1915


Anon.  An American V.A.D. 88 BIS and V.I.H.: Letters from two hospitals.

            Boston, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1919.

The author's letters from France written from 14 January to 23 March 1917, and with the 76th Detachment, Cheshire County Division, British Red Cross Society from 12 April to 28 December 1917


Anon.  Happy ‑ Though Wounded: the book of the 3rd London General Hospital

            London, Country Life 1917

            Outlines some of the work of the hospital, mostly in a light-hearted vein.  The contributors are those who ran the Gazette (q.v.) and include Ward Muir (q.v.),the “Punch cartoonist JH Dowd, Christopher Nevinson (some of whose illustrations are reminiscent of his War Artist work) and J Hodgson Lobley, who later painted scenes at the Queen's Hospital Sidcup


Anon.  Hommage à sa majesté la reine Elisabeth: la Guerre 1914-1918

La Panne, S.T.T., no date (1964)
Queen Elisabeth of Belgium, wife of Albert The First, acted as a nurse for soldiers in La Panne during the war.


Anon.  Journal d'une Infirmière sur le Front Russe

Paris, Gallimard, 1936


Anon.  Kriegs-Erinnerungen eines Korps-Stabs-Apothekers (War memories of a pharmacist officer)

Mittenwald, n.d (c.1920)


Anon.  Le Faux Miroir.  Reflections from the Urgency Case Hospital.

            Ash & Co, 1917

            A copy is in the Imperial War Museum in the papers of Miss WL Kenyon (84/24/1). The hospital was in Revigny; a map was to be included but was “suppressed by the Censor”


Anon.  Letters from a French hospital

            London, Constable, 1917

Letters from an English nurse to her uncle describing events in 1915 and 1916


Anon. “Doc”. Letters from Somewhere (by a captain in the R.A.M.C., from France and Egypt)

London, Heath Cranton, 1918


Anon.  “Mademoiselle Miss”.  Letters from a American girl serving with the rank of Lieutenant in a French Army hospital at the front

            Boston, WA Butterfield, 1916


Anon.  Nursing adventures: a F.A.N.Y. in France

            London, Heinemann, 1917


Anon.  The diary of a Nursing Sister on the Western Front 1914-1915

            Edinburgh & London, William Blackwood & Sons, 1915


Anon.  The Edith Cavell Nurse from Massachusetts.  Boulogne-The Somme 1916-1917

            London, WA Butterfield, 1917

Following a memorial service for Edith Cavell in Boston, USA in December 1915 funds were raised to send a nurse to serve with the BEF in France.  Miss Alice Fitzgerald, who had been head of the operating room at Bellevue Hospital, New York, was appointed to the post.  This book  contains an account of her experience, with a résumé of the trial of Edith Cavell and the involvement of the US government through the American Legation in seeking her release


Anon.  The Tale of a casualty clearing station

            London, Blackwood, 1917


Anon.  Two years’ Captivity in German East Africa.  Being the personal experiences of Surgeon E.C.H., R.N.

London, Hutchinson, 1918


Anon.  Uncensored Letters from the Dardanelles; written to his English wife by a French Medical Officer of Le Corps Expeditionnaire D'Orient (Transl. from the French – Soldiers' Tales of the Great War)

Toronto: McLelland, Goodchild and Stewart 1916

A first-hand account by a French Medical officer of the events leading to the battle of Gallipoli. Relates details along the route to Gallipoli via Tunisia, Egypt, the landing at Koum Kaleh, Sedd-El-Bahr, details of the battle at Gallipoli, and the evacuation. A day-by-day chronicle of the operation from the trench level with heartrending accounts of those soldiers he doctored and of the civilians caught in the war.A copy in Brian Turner’s possession contained a note identifying the author as Joseph Vassall, born in Talence, Gironde, in 1867, and belonging to the 6th Colonial regiment.  His wife, née Gabrielle Candler, was responsible for part of the translation


Anon.  War Nurse.  The True Story of a Woman who Lived, Loved and Suffered on the Western Front.

            New York & Chicago, AL Burt Company, 1930

            Illustrated with a series of stills from an “All-Talking Picture” made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer


Anon. (Sergeant-Major, RAMC).  With the RAMC in Egypt.

            London, Cassell, 1918


Appleton E (ed. Cowen R).  War Diaries: A Nurse at the Front

            London, Simon & Schuster (IWM), 2012

            The edited diaries of Edie Appleton, who served in France and Belgium


A Red Cross Pro.  The Wards in Wartime

            Edinburgh, Wm Blackwood & Sons, 1916

Amusing account of a provincial convalescent hospital


Arnold G.  Sister Anne! Sister Anne!  Stories of hospital work in France during the war

            Toronto, McClelland & Stewart, 1919

            Memoir of a Canadian nurse


Ashford BK.  A Soldier in Science

            London, Routledge, 1934

An American pathologist on the Western Front, 1917-18.


Askew  C, Askew A.  The Stricken Land.  Serbia as we saw it

London, Eveleigh Nash, 1916

The authors were writers attached to the 1st British Field Hospital.  The Red Cross bibliography indicates that they were “outspoken in denunciation of the allies’ mismanagement of aid”


Atkinson D.  Elsie and Mairi go to War: Two extraordinary women on the Western Front

            London, Preface Publishing, 2009

            Modern account of the work of Elsie Knocker and Mairi Chisholm, who worked in Pervyse (q.v)


Badolle R.  Vie medico-chirurgicale d'un médecin retenu pendant deux ans en captivité allemande

Lyon, A. Rey, 1917
The author was a prisoner at Reserve-Lazarett in Bielefeld (Westphalia) in 1914-1915.

Bagnold E.  Diary without dates

            London, Heinemann; New York, Luce, 1918


Balfour, Lady F.  Dr Elsie Inglis

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, n.d.

Biography of the leading light of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals


Barclay F.L.G.  In hoc vince: the story of a Red Cross Flag

Putnam, 1915


Barclay HA. Doctor in France 1917-1919: The Diary of Harold Barclay, Lieutenant-Colonel, American

Expeditionary Forces

New York, privately printed 1923.


Baumann F.  La fucilazione di Edith Cavell

Milan, Marangomi, 1932


Bayly HW.  Triple challenge; or, War, whirligigs and windmills, a doctor's memoirs

            London, Hutchinson, 1935

            Starting his war service in the Navy, Bayly was with the Guards on the Somme in 1916 when wounded in the knee.  He returned to France in 1918; the narrative continues into the 1920s with accounts of his political dealings


Beadnell C Marsh. A Naval Medical Officer’s impressions of a visit to the Trenches

            Bale & Danielssohn, 1917


Beauchamp P.  Fanny goes to war

            London, Murray 1919


Beauchamp P.  Fanny went to war

            London, John Murray, 1940


Beckmann M. Briefe im Kriege.

München, A. Langen – G. Müller, 1955

War letters of the well- known expressionist painter Max Beckmann who was a stretcher bearer in WWI


Begg RC.  Surgery on Trestles: a Saga of Suffering and Triumph

            Norwich, Jarrold, 1967

Describes the Middle East theatre


Bell FG.  Surgeon’s Saga

            Wellington, Auckland & Sydney, AH & AW Reed,1968

            Autobiography of the distinguished New Zealand surgeon Sir Gordon Bell including his experiences during WW1.  His first attachment in France was at Dannes-Camiers, site of Varazstad Kazanjian’s facial injury unit.  Subsequently he served at No 21 CCS on the Somme and with 48 CCS during the Great retreat of March 1918.  The book includes an amusing account of Shearer’s Delineator, an apparatus supposed to identify lesions within the body but in fact an elaborate hoax


Bennett AH.  English Medical Women: glimpses of their work in peace and war

London, Pitman, 1914


Benson I.  The Man with the Donkey.  John Simpson Kirkpatrick, The Good Samaritan of Gallipoli

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1965


Benson SC.  'Back from hell'

            Chicago, McClurg, 1918


Bertrand de Laflotte D.  Dans les Flandres. Dunkerque, Zuydcoote, Houten, Furnes, Coxyde, Adinkerke,

La Panne. Notes d'un volontaire de la Croix-Rouge, 1914-1915

Paris, Barcelone, Bloud / Gay, 1917


Bicknell, E P. Pioneering with the Red Cross. Recollections of an Old Red Crosser

NY, MacMillan 1935

Ernest Bicknell began life as a newspaperman, subsequently being appointed Secretary of the Indiana Board of State Charities and then the Bureau of Charities in Chicago, gaining his first experience of Red Cross work in the San Francisco earthquake of 1906, becoming national Director two years later. He also wrote a history of Red Cross involvement (vide infra)


Binyon L.  For Dauntless France.

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918

Laurence Binyon served with an Ambulance Unit behind the French front


Birmingham GA.  A Padre in France

            H&S, n.d. (c.1918)

            The pseudonym of Canon Hanny, describing life in hospitals, convalesecnet camps etc; one such, identified by the dedicatee, Rosamund Leather, is “My Third Camp”  in Chapter 15 – the Marlborough Details Camp, Boulogne


Bizard L.  Souvenirs d'un médecin de la Prefecture de police et des prisons de Paris (1914-1918)

Paris, Grasset, 1925


Black EW.  Hospital heroes

            New York, Scribner, 1919


Blackham Col RJ.  Scalpel, Sword and Stretcher. 

            London, Sampson Low, Marston and Co Ltd.,


Bland-Sutton J.  The Tale of a Convoy

            London, Adlard & Son & West Newman Ltd, 1918

            Sir John Bland-Sutton travelled with a convoy and wrote a series of pieces for the “Morning Post” collected in this slim volume.  A surgeon, he was a friend of Kipling and persuaded the writer to give the introductory lecture to new students at the Middlesex Hospital in 1908.  In this book there is, oddly, nothing medical


Booth M.  With The B.E.F. in France

            London, The Salvation Army, 1916

            Mary Booth was the grand-daughter of the founder of the Salvation Army; the book describes her work among the wounded on the Western front


Borden, Mary.  The Forbidden Zone. 

            London, William Heinemann, 1929

A moving account of nursing experiences; as a result of writing this book, Borden was asked to leave the Royal Herbert Hospital, Woolwich


Boschi G (ed.).  La Guerra e le Arti Sanitarie.  Collezione Italiana di diari, memorie, studi e documenti per servire alla storia della Guerra del mondo, diretta da Angelo Gatti (War and the sanitary arts.  Collection of Italian diaries, memoirs, studies and documents relating to the Great War)

Milan, Montadori. 1931


Botcharsky S, Pier F.  They Knew How To Die.  Being a Narrative of the Personal  Experiences of a Red Cross Sister on the Russian Front

            London, Peter Davies, 1931

Front line hospital experiences


Boubée, l’Abbé Joseph.  Parmi les blesses allemands (Among the wounded in Belgium in the first five months of war)

Plon-Nourrit, 1916


Bowerbank F.  A Doctor’s Story

            Wellington, HH Tombs Ltd, 1958

Sir Fred Bowerbank arrived in New Zealand from England in 1907, subsequently serving in both world wars.  His Great War experience (in Egypt, France and England, where he was at the 1st NZ General Hospital at Brockenhurst in the New Forest), is detailed in chapters 7-13.  He records that Pickerill’s jaw unit, based at No 2 Hospital, Walton-on-Thames, was visited by the Queen who suggested “…it would be better in every way if his staff and patients were transferred to the Queen's Hospital for Facial Injuries at Sidcup, where the famous plastic surgeon Sir Harold Gillies, also a New Zealander, was in charge.  I am afraid that neither the dental surgeon nor the patients were keen on such a move and consequently nothing was done about it.  When Her Majesty visited the hospital some weeks later, she found the ‘jaw section’ still there, and expressed her surprise that it had not been moved.  A week later an instruction came from the War Office…”


Bowerman, GE Jr. (Ed. Carnes MC).  The Compensations of War:  The Diary of an Ambulance driver during the Great War

            Austin, University of Texas Press, 1983

Bowerman served as an ambulance driver in France and Germany for a year and a half. This book is based on the recopied and amplified version of his diary which he prepared in 1919


Boyd W. With a field ambulance at Ypres. Being letters written March 7-August 15, 1915.

Toronto, Musson Book Company, 1916


Boyd-Orr, 1st baron.   As I recall

            London, Macgibbon & Kee, 1966

R.A.M.C. and Naval service.  Some interesting observations on courts-martial for desertion; he suggests that many medical and other officers would use any excuse to find mitigating circumstances


Boylston HD.  'Sister': the war diary of a nurse

            New York, Washburn, 1927


Bradford M.  A hospital letter writer in France

            London, Methuen, 1920

            The wife of Sir John Rose Bradford, Consulting Physician to the BEF, May Bradford sat by innumerable bedsides in Boulogne and Etaples writing letters to dictation for wounded soldiers.  It is clear from her writing that the post of letter-writer (not one that is generally known about) entailed the provision of essential, if amateur, psychology services to the sick and injured


Brassine V. Ma Campagne de Russie avec le Corps Expeditionnaire Belge des autos-canons-mitrailleuses. in Namur, Belgium, privately printed, n.d. (1957 or 1958)

A scarce memoir of a military doctor. In August 1914, he was chief of the medical staff of Fort of Lierre (Lier, in Flanders). After the fall of the fort, he went to Anvers (Antwerpen) until its capitulation on October 10. Then he followed the Belgian army into the north of France. In February 1915, he joined the A.C.M. Corps (Corps des Autos-Canons-Mitrailleuses) which included Belgian volunteers (including nobles, famous sportsmen, future Belgian writer Marcel Thiry, etc.). The Corps was sent to Russia by boat, received by the Tsar and saw service in Galicia. The volume is listed as No 1, but it is not clear if the second was ever issued


Breitner B.  Unvervundet Gefangen - Aus meinem Sibirischen Tagebuch.

(A Prisoner, but not wounded.  From my Siberian Diary)

            Rikola Verlag, 1921

An account of a doctor’s experience as a POW in Siberia dealing with epidemic disease


Britnieva, M.  One woman's story

            London, Barker, 1934

English born, Mary Britnieva served as a nurse on the Russian front where her husband was a medical officer.  After the war he had several brushes with the G.P.U. before being arrested in 1928; two years later she was told that he had “disappeared”


Brittain V.  Testament of friendship

            London, Macmillan, 1940 (republished Virago 1980)


Brittain V.  Chronicle of Youth.  Vera Brittain’s war diary 1913-1917

London, Victor Gollancz, 1981


Brown H.  Pickerill. Pioneer in Plastic Surgery, Dental Education and Dental Research

            Otago, University Press, 2007

            The first biography of Henry Percy Pickerill, who came to the Queen's Hospital Sidcup as leader of the New Zealand Section in 1918.  He had been foundation Director of the Dental School in the University of Otago, Dunedin, to which post he had been appointed in 1907 at the age of 28.  A near contemporary of Harold Gillies, with whom he had an uneasy relationship (he seems to have been jealous of the fame accorded his countryman), he led a full professional life in New Zealand and Australia after the war


Bruce C.  Humour in tragedy, hospital life behind three Fronts

            London, Skeffington, 1918


Bradley AO.  Back of the front in France.

            London, Butterfield, 1918


Bryan JH.  Ambulance 464. Encore des Blessés

            New York, Macmillan, 1918

Julian Bryan served with SSU 12


Bucher WE.   Surgeon Errant

            Los Angeles, Angeles Press, 1935. 

Description of the 3rd American Red Cross Mission in Siberia 1918-1919.


Burke K.  The White Road to Verdun

            New York, George H Doran Company, 1916

            Account by Kathleen Burke of her nursing experience in France and Serbia


Buswell L. With the American Ambulance Field Service in France.

            Privately Printed, Cambridge, MA. 1915.


Buswell L.  Ambulance No. 10: personal letters from the Front

            London, Con­stable, 1917

Leslie Buswell served with SSU 2


Butler HA. Overseas Sketches. Being a Journal of My Experiences in Service With the American Red Cross in France

Youngstown (OH), Privately Printed 1921

Privately printed memoirs in an edition of 300 of an American's service with the Red Cross in World War I.


Byam W.  The Road to Harley Street.

            London, Geoffrey Bles, 1963

            William Byam’s autobiography, covering his war service and detailing his involvement, inter alia, with the investigation of the cause of trench fever at the Heart Hospital, Hampstead with Lloyd and others; he contributed to Lloyd’s book on lice (q.v.).  His description of the experiments is graphic.  Having proved that the infection was transmitted though the lice droppings, and would only occur if these were scratched into the skin, he confirmed that oral ingestion was not a factor by feeding sandwiches laced with louse excreta to two “gallant souls”.  He also noted that US soldiers with typhoid fever did not develop dry and foul mouths because they chewed gum


Cahill AF (ed).  Between the Lines: Letters and Diaries from Elsie Inglis's Russian Unit
Bishop Auckland, Pentland Press, 1999


Calthorp DC.  The Wounded French soldier

London, St Catherine Press, 1916

A short illustrated record of experience, published in aid of the French Red Cross


Cameron A (ed). A Surgeon’s India.  Diaries of Lt Col Aleander Cameron, OBE, Indian Medical Service

            Tunbridge Wells, Acclaim, 1986

            Diaries covering Cameron’s service from 1905 to 1932, including WW1 service in East Africa, edited by and with an introduction from his daughter


Campbell P.  Back of the Front: experiences of a nurse

            London, Newnes 1915


Carossa H.  A Roumanian Diary  (Translated from the German by Agnes Neil Scott)

NY, Alfred A. Knopf 1930

In his “War Books”, Cyril Falls wrote: “The writer of this diary, the greater part of which is concerned with the campaign against Rumania, was a battalion medical officer...the descriptions of scenery, of the people of Transylvania, of scenes at an advanced dressing-station during a battle, of the writer's own thoughts and dreams, are masterly. It may be added that the translation is quite exceptionally good.”


Catchpool TC.  On two fronts. 

            London, Headley, 1918

Corder Catchpool was a conscientious objector


Cator D.  In a French military hospital

            London, Longmans, 1915

A whimsical observation of work in a French hospital, seen through English eyes.  There is scarce a good word for French professionals; the filth of the wards appears to pass unnoticed except by the fastidious English


Caujole P.  Les Tribulations d'une Ambulance Française en Perse

Author's self publishing, 1959.

A French medical mission in the massacres in Caucasus and High-Euphrates, May 1917 - February 1919)


Chagnaud, Docteur.  Avec le 15-2. Journal et lettres de Guerre

Paris, Payot, 1933

The record runs from May 10th 1917 to November 11th 1918 (From Chemin des Dames to Belgium).


Chapin H.  Soldier and Dramatist: Being the Letters of Harold Chapin, American Citizen who Died for England at Loos, Sept 26th, 1915

            London, Lane, 1917

            Letters from training in France with the 6th Field Ambulance, 2nd London Territorial (47th) Division


Clark H.  War and its aftermath.  Letters from France, Austria and the Middle East, 1914-1924 (ed. Pye EM)

            Somerset, Wells Cathedral Press, 1956

            Hilda Clark was a member of the shoe manufacturing Clark family of Street, Somerset.  Qualifying as a doctor in 1909 she worked in various theatres, and the letters describe her experiences and the local conditions she encountered


Clarke-Kennedy A.E. Edith Cavell

            London, Faber & Faber, 1965.

When the war broke out Edith Cavell was matron of Dr. Depages's Training School for Nurses in Brussels' Barkendalle Medical Institute; the Germans allowed her to continue her work and the Institute became a Red Cross Hospital at which German and Allied wounded were treated.  She was executed on 12th October 1915 for aiding the escape of Belgian, French and British troops.


Clarke RG.  The Evolution of a Casualty Clearing Station on the Western Front.

            Bristol, Bristol Medico-Chirugical Society 1936

Transcript of a paper presented to the Society at their Annual Meeting in 1936


Cobbold L. In Blue and Gray. Sketches of life in Red Cross Hospitals

Cambridge, 1917


Cope Z.   Almroth Wright, Founder of Modern Vaccine Therapy

            London, Nelson, 1966.

Wright was instrumental in developing ant-typhoid vaccine


Corbet E.  Red Cross in Serbia 1915-1919.  A personal diary of experiences

            Banbury, Cheney & Sons, 1964

Nursing experiences from Salonika to Serbia


“Corporal” (pseudonym of JHV Crofts).  Field Ambulance Sketches

            London, John Lane, 1919


Cox H.  The "Red Cross Launch Wessex" on the River Tigris 1916: The Diary of Sydney Cox

            Natula Publications, 2002

            The diary details the work of the Red Cross launches on the rivers of Mesopotamia, running from March to August 1916


Coyle ER.  Ambulancing on the French front

            New York: Britton 1918

Personal account of service with an Ambulance Corps in the French 17th Division


Ibid.  Field ambulance sketches

            London, Lane, 1919

Coyle served with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance


Crémieux J. Souvenirs d'une Infirmière

Paris, Rouff (Coll. Patrie #52), 1918

Reminiscences of a French nurse at the beginning of WW1 (August 1914 - May 1915).


Crewdson R (ed.). Dorothea's War: A First World War Nurse Tells Her Story

            London, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 2013

            Diaries of a WW1 nurse edited by her nephew


Crichton-Harris A.  Seventeen Letters to Tatham.  A WW1 surgeon in East Africa

Toronto, Keneggy West, 2001

            The only account I have seen of a medical man in this theatre, based on letters written by the author’s grandfather Temple Harris to his brother in India


Crile GW.   (ed Grace Crile) An Autobiography

            Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1947

George Crile was a surgical pioneer who describes some of his Great War experience in this 2 volume autobiography, edited by his wife and published four years after his death.  Following the Great War he was instrumental in establishing the Cleveland Clinic


de Croy, Princesse M.  Souvenirs, 1914-1918

Paris, Plon (Coll. Le Martyre des Pays envahis), 1933

A nursing memoir of a Belgian princess on the North Front.  The same author appears also to have produced a 1914-15 memoir with a Flemish spelling (de Croij, Princesse M.  Souvenirs 1914-1915; Paris, Plon, 1944)


Culpin M.  Psychoneuroses of War and Peace

            Cambridge, University Press, 1920


Cummings EE.  The Enormous Room.

            London, Jonathan Cape, 1928

            Cummings served with the Norton-Harjes Ambulance and was arrested by the French, detailing his experiences in this book


Cushing H.  From a Surgeon's Journal 1915-1918. 

            London, Constable & Co., 1936

Probably the most famous account of surgery at the front by the distinguished American neurosurgeon


Cutler GR (ed. CH Knickerbocker)  Of Battles Long Ago

New York, Exposition Press, 1979

Memoirs of an American ambulance driver, also a patient, with many photographs


Dauzat A.  Impressions et Choses Vues (Juillet - Décembre 1914). Les Préliminaires de guerre. Le carnet d'un infirmier militaire. Le journal de Barzac

Paris, Attinger, n.d.


Davidson G.   () The Incomparable 29th & the “River Clyde.”

Aberdeen: Bisset. 1919.

Major George Davidson was a medical officer with the 89th Field Ambulance, 29th Division, and was at Gallipoli from March to November 1915


Davies EC.  Ward tales

            London, The Bodley Head, 1920

            Miss Chivers Davies was a VAD who sketched “the atmosphere and outlook of a big Military Hospital”


Dearmer M.  Letters from a Field Hospital.

            London, Macmillan, 1915

Mabel Dearmer was married to Percy, Canon of Westminster who was renowned as the author of the “English Hymnal”; she herself was an illustrator and writer of note.  She died of enteric fever in Serbia on 11th July 1915.  Her son Geoffrey was a minor war poet; his younger brother was killed in the Gallipoli campaign 


Dearden H.  Medicine and duty. A war diary

            London, Heinemann, 1928

Taking its title from the commonest prescription of a medical officer— the supply of some medicament and passing fit for duty— this is an often graphic description of the work of a front line battalion medical officer


Ibid.   Time and chance

            London, Heinemann, 1940

            The second part of Harold Dearden’s biography, covering 1914-1939 (the first part was entitled “The Wind of Circumstances”


Dease A   With the French Red Cross

            New York, Kennedy 1917


Delaporte S (ed). Les carnets de l'aspirant Laby, Medécin dans les tranchées. 28 juillet 1914 - 14 juillet 1919 (Notebooks of Probationer Laby, doctor in the trenches, 28th July 1914 – 14th July 1919)

Paris, Bayard, 2001

Lucien Laby served in most of the major engagements of the Western Front throughout the war, finally going down with  “Spanish Flu” in July 1918.  He recommenced his medical studies in Lyon the following year.  Useful introduction by Stéphane Audoin-Rozeau


Dent O.  A V.A.D. in France

            London, Grant Richards Ltd, 1917


Depage H.  La Vie d’Antoine Depage

            Brussels, La Renaissance du Livre, 1956

            A limited edition biography of a famous Belgian doctor.  Analysis of the book is necessarily limited (our version is uncut)


Derby R.  'Wade in, Sanitary!', the story of a Division Surgeon in France

            New York, Putnam, 1919

Derby was Division Surgeon to the Second Division, AEF, and describes a number of hospitals between the front line and Juilly, including the gas hospital (Field Hospital No 16) at Luzancy


Dexter M.  In the soldier's service

            Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918


Dixon J (intro).  Little Grey Partridge

            Aberdeen University Press, 1988

The First World War diary of Isobel Ross, who served with the Scottish Women’s Hospitals’ unit in Serbia


Dixon TB.  The Enemy Fought Splendidly

            Poole, Blandford Press, 1983

Dixon served as Surgeon to HMS Kent at the Falklands, 1914-15


Dodgson CA (ed.).  First accounts of the front and fighting at Ypres 1916

? publisher, 1997

WWI letters from William Shaw Antliff, stretcher bearer with 9th Field Ambulance, Canada Expeditionary Force


Dolbey R.V.  A Regimental Surgeon in War and Prison. 

            London, John Murray, 1917

MO with the KOSB.  Captured at La Bassée during 1st Ypres


Duhamel G.  Vie des Martyrs 1914-16

Paris, Mercure de France, 1918

Translated (Simmons F) as The New Book of Martyrs (New York, George H. Doran 1918).  A moving account of injured French soldiers at hospitals near to the front line (in particular at Verdun), some of whom survived but many of whom did no (usually as the result of infection).  Duhamel’s book is the medical equivalent of Henriette Rémi’s book “Hommes sans Visage”


Dunham F, Haigh RH, Turner PW (Eds). The long carry. The journal of stretcher bearer Frank Dunham 1916-1918.

London, Pergamon Press, 1970


Dunn JC.  The War the Infantry Knew 1914-19

            London, Janes Publishing, 1987

Dunn was medical officer to the 1st Battalion, Royal Welch Fusiliers, and served with Sassoon and Robert Graves.  This book comprises the diaries of many men, as well as his own experiences.  Hailed as the classic text on front line medical experience, it is often rather dull.


von Eiselsberg A.  Lebenseg eines Chirugen (A Surgeon’s Life)

            Tyrolia Verlag, 1949

Memoirs of WW1 medical experience


Estcourt Hughes J.  Henry Simpson Newland.  A biography

            Melbourne, Royal Australasian College of Surgeons, 1972

Chapter V details Newland’s war experience as a plastic surgeon at Sidcup


Eeman H.  Captivité

Brussels, La Renaissance du  Livre, 1984

Memoirs of a Belgian Ambassador. His captivity began on October 10, 1914. From October 1914 he was in Soltau prisoner camp (Germany). Sick, he was in the camp hospital between April and July 1915. In 1917, he worked as a nurse in the hospital of the Cassel camp; finally, sick again, he was evacuated to Switzerland, like many sick prisoners. Scarce testimony of medical services in prison camps in Germany.


Enke-Habermaas L.  Drei Jahre im Lazarettzug, 1915-1918. Nach Tagebuchblättern (3 years in an ambulance train, 1915-1918. From diary sheets)

Stuttgart, 1935

A tiny book of 30 pages, with photographic illustrations.  As is common for books of this period it is in gothic script


Eydoux‑Demians M.  In a French hospital

            London, Fisher Unwin, 1915


Eydoux‑Demians M.  Notes d’une Infirmière

            Paris, Plon-Nourrit, 1915


Farmborough F.  Nurse at the Russian Front.  A diary 1914-1918

            London, Constable, 1974

An interesting account illustrated by the author’s own photographs


Fenwick P.  Gallipoli diary

            Auckland, David Ling Publishing, 2000

            Percival Fenwick was Director of New Zealand Medical Services, landing on the first NZ boat.  The diary runs from 24th April to June 28th when he was posted to Egypt


Fèvre M.  Guerre et Chirurgie. Souvenirs du blessé et du chirurgien

(France), SEGEP, 1953
Memoirs of WW1 and WW2.

Finzi K. Eighteen Months in the War Zone.  The record of a woman’s work on the Western Front

            London, Cassell, 1916

A diary from October 1914 to February 1916, when Kate Finzi returned to England through ill-health


Fitzroy Y.  With the Scottish Nurses in Roumania. 

London, J. Murray, 1918.

Yvonne Fitzroy was attached to a unit of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals


Florez, C de.  No. 6: a few pages from the diary of an ambulance driver

            New York, Dutton, 1918


Furse K.  Hearts and Pomegranates: The Story of Forty-Five years  1875-1920.

            London: Peter Davies, 1940.

Katherine Furse was Commandant in Chief of the Joint Women's VADs and several chapters relate to her work there


Gaëll R.  Ces soutanes sous la mitraille. Scenes de guerre

Paris, Gautier, 1915

War account by a nurse-priest.


Gaéll R.  Dans la bataille. Scène de guerre (Nouvelle série)

Niort, H Boulord, 1916

The second part of “Ces soutanes sous la mitraille”


Gallagher CJ (ed Mary E Malloy).  The Cellars of Marcelcave: A Yank Doctor in the BEF

            Shippensburg, PA, Burd Street Press, 1998

Gallagher describes the service of his grandfather Bernard from the Atlantic passage in late 1917 to the end of 1918.  Serving in the front line, he was captured in the March 1918 retreat


Gervis H.  Arms and the doctor, being the military experiences of a middle-aged medical man

            London, Daniel, 1920


Gibbs Sir P.  Realities of War. 

            London, Heinemann, 1920

Observations of a War correspondent


Gleason AH. Young Hilda at the wars.

New York, Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1915.


Gleason AH.  With the first War ambulance in Belgium. 

            New York, Burt, 1918


Gleichen H.  Contacts and contrasts

            London, John Murray, 1940

            Autobiography of Helena Gleichen, daughter of the Prince and Princess Victor of Hohenlohe Langenburg.  She trained as a radiographer at the outbreak of war, and worked on the Italian Front from 1915 to 1917; although the book tells of her life to 1939, a large part is devoted to her war experience


Godfroy L.  Les Cités Meurtries. Souvenirs d'Ambulance et de captivité (de Noyon à Holzminden)
Paris, L'Eclair (Coll.
Champs de Bataille 1914-18), n.d.


Gosse P.   Memoirs of a Camp Follower

            London, Longmans, 1935. 

Life as a Medical Officer on the Western Front and in India.


Got A.  L'affaire Miss Cavell

Paris, Plon, 1921


Gower M F Duchess of Sutherland. Six weeks at the war

            London, The Times, 1914


Grow MC.  Surgeon Grow, an American in the Russian fighting

            New York, Stokes, 1918

Malcolm Grow chose to join a front line Russian surgical team; some of his exploits, including a trench raid, were perhaps unethical!  A vivid account of fighting on the Eastern Front


Gray T.  Hospital days in Rouen

            London, Cowans & Gray, 1919


Greeman E.  Grandpa’s War.  The French adventures of a World War 1 Ambulance driver

            New York, Writers and Readers Publishing, 1992

Greeman was a driver with SSU 592 from July 1917 to the end of the war


Groc L.  Les brancardiers du Bois le prêtre (Stretcher-bearers of Priests Wood)

(France), Rouff (Coll. Patrie #94), 1918

            One of a series of over 150 paper storybooks with dramatic line drawings


Guitton GSJ.  Un preneur d'ames : Louis Lenoir, aumonier des marsouins, 1914-1917

Paris, J. de Gigord / Action Populaire / SPES, 1921


Gsell P.  Edith Cavell

Paris, Larousse, 1916


Gummer S.  The Chavasse Twins

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1963

            The story of Noel Chavasse, VC and bar, and his twin brother Christopher, who became Bishop of Rochester


Hallam A&N (Eds). Lady Under Fire on the Western Front

            London, Pen & Sword Books, 2010

            Letters of Lady Dorothie Feilding, the twenty-five year old daughter of the Earl of Denbigh. She spent nearly four years on the Western Front in Belgium driving ambulances, and had the distinction of being became the first woman to be awarded the Military Medal for her bravery as well as the French Croix de Guerre and the Belgian Order of Leopold


Hand-Newton CT.  A Physician in Peace and War

            Christchurch, NM Peryer, 1967


Harden HSS.  Faenza Rest Camp: a story of the Mediterranean L. of C.

            London, Hutchinson, 1920


Hardon AF. 43bis. War Letters of an American V.A.D.

New York, Privately Printed 1927


Hargrave J. At Suvla Bay: Being the Notes & Sketches of Scenes, Characters & Adventures of the Dardanelles Campaign

London, Constable. 1916.

Appealing account by NCO of 32nd Field  Ambulance, RAMC, 10th (Irish) Division


Harmer M.  The Forgotten Hospital

            Chichester, Springwood Books, 1982

By the son of Dr William Harmer, who worked at the Anglo-Russian Hospital established by Lady Muriel Paget.  The hospital had a field arm and a base in Petrograd


Harrison CH.  With the American Red Cross in France, 1918‑1919 

            Chicago, Seymour 1947


Hayward JD (late Capt., RAMC) The Liverpool Merchants’ Hospital in France 1915-1918

            Liverpool, Daily Post Printers, c.1920

            The mobile hospital subscribed by a group of Liverpool merchants and given to the War Office was established first at Etaples and later at Deauville. Account of experiences including aerial bombing and roll of staff


Hays HM.  Cheerio!, an American medical officer with the British Army

            New York, Knopf, 1919


Herringham Sir W.  A Physician in France. 

            London, Edward Arnold, 1919

A senior physician who intersperses his medical experiences with astute observations on France and the French


High P (ed).  Hospital Barges in France: Correspondence from a nursing Sister with the British Expeditionary Force during World War 1

Perth, Chavril Press, n.d.

Brief summary of the barge flotilla, with the letters home of Sister Millicent Peterkin.  She joined her barge in February 1918 but there is no reference to the German attack of march, from which one may perhaps presume that  the influence of this was minimal behind the lines


Higonnet MR (ed).  Nurses at the Front.  Writing the Wounds of the Great War

            Boston, Northeastern University Press, 2001

            Extracts from the writing of Ellen de Motte (The backwash of War) and Mary Borden (The Forbidden Zone) with a 38 page introduction by Margaret Higonnet, who also edited an anthology of women’s writings on WW1 (Lines of Fire)


Hill MA. The Wartime Diaries of Francis Henry Newman: A Medical Orderly 1915-1919

            York, William Sessions, 2008


His W.  German doctor at the Front

            Harrisburg, National Service, 1933

            Originally published as Die Front der Ärzte, Bielefeld, Velhagen und Klasing, 1931


Hoehling AA.  Edith Cavell

            London, Cassell & Co, 1958


Horton C (ed de Vack D). Stretcher Bearer: Fighting for Life in the Trenches

            Lion Hudson, 2013

            Edited diaries of Charles Horton


Huard FW.  My home in the field of mercy

            New York, George H Doran Co, 1917

            Sequel to “My home in the field of honour”, this book by the Chatelaine of the Chateau de Villiers, near Charly sur Marne, describes the use of the chateau as a Red Cross hospital


Hungerford E.  With the doughboy in France: a few chapters of an American effort

            New York, Macmillan 1920


Hutton IE.  With a woman's unit in Serbia, Salonika and Sebastopol

            London, Williams & Norgate 1928


Ibid.  Memories of a Doctor in War and Peace

            London, Heinemann, 1960

            Chapters 14-19 cover her WW1 experience


Hutchinson W.  The Doctor in war

            Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1918

The author visited and studied medical arrangements on the Western Fronts in 1917, writing this account of medical experience.  One chapter entitled “New Faces for Old” outlines some facial surgery techniques. It is comprehensive, but marred by repetition and a virulent writing style in which women are patronised and the Hun is vilified.  Special loathing and contempt is reserved for prostitutes; he quotes “experimental examinations” that show up to three-quarters as being feeble minded, and suggests that if detected early (by screening tests between the ages of nine and eleven) they could be segregated and educated in special colonies until the age of forty-five.


Huxtable C.  From the Somme to Singapore: A Medical Officer in two World Wars

            London, Kangaroo Press, 1987 (Costello ed 1988)

Huxtable served with the 2nd Battn, Lancashire Fusiliers


Imbrie RW.  Behind the wheel of a war ambulance

            New York, McBride, 1918


Javal A.  La Grande Pagaïe (1914-1918)

Paris, Denoël, 1937

Ambulance and hospital experience


Jeans TT.   Reminiscences of a Naval Surgeon

            London, Sampson Low, 1927. 

Surgeon Rear-Admiral on hospital ship in Turkey.


Judd JR.  With the American Ambulance in France

            Honolulu, Star-Bulletin Press, 1919

An interesting book (with graphic cover), Judd describes his work at the American Hospitals at Neuilly and Juilly, and incorporates a number of eyewitness accounts of injury


Kahn A. Journal de guerre d'un Juif patriote.1914-1918

France, Jean-Claude Simoën, 1978

The author, a French advocate, was a stretcher-bearer during WW1. His diary is mainly about the 1914-15 period, when he was on the front line in Artois, near Ypres and in Champagne.


Kay S.  Froth and Bubble

Sydney, privately printed, 1918

A small pamphlet describing a few episodes of hospital work (largely in the Middle East) written by a major in the AAMC


Kennard, Lady.  A Roumanian Diary.  1915, 1916,1917

            London, William Heinemann, 1917

            Includes an account of Red cross Hospitals and their work


Keynes G.  The Gates of Memory

            Oxford & New York, 1981

            Autobiography of Sir Geoffrey Keynes, surgeon and bibliophile, who was related by marriage to the Darwin family and had a large circle of friends and acquaintances including Rupert Brooke (for whose literary estate he was Trustee) and Siegfried Sassoon.  Chapter 11 relates his WW1 surgical experience


King H.  One Woman at War.  Letters of Olive King 1915-1920

            Melbourne, University Press 1986

Letters of an independent-minded Australian girl.  After working in France and the Balkans with the Scottish Women's Hospitals she joined the Serbian army as a driver attached to the Medical Service based in Salonika


Klein F.  The Diary of a French Army Chaplain.

            London, Andrew Melrose Ltd, 1915


ibid.  La Guerre vue d'une Ambulance

Paris, A. Colin, 1915

Account of the first months of WW1 at American Ambulance in Neuilly.  Not seen, but possibly the original French version of the first


Klein F.  Les douleurs qui esperent

Paris, Librairie Académique Perrin, n.d.

            By the same author


Koch HB. Militant Angel

            NY, Macmillan  Company  1951

Biography of Annie  W. Goodrich, suffragist and pacifist, and  the organizer and dean of the Army School of Nursing (created in 1918).  Pages 83-112 cover U.S. Army nursing during World War I and the Army School of Nursing.


Kugler F. Erlebnisse eines Schweizers in den Dardanellen und an der französischen
Zürich, Orell Füssli, 1916


Labry R.  Avec l'armée serbe en retraite à travers l'Albanie et le Montenegro.  Journal de route d'un officier d'administration de la mission medicale francaise en Serbie

Paris, Perrin, 1916


La Motte EN.  Backwash of war

            New York, Putnam, 1934


de Launoy J.  Infirmières de Guerre en Service Commandé (front de 14 a 18).

            Bruxelles, L’Édition Universelle, no date

The preface indicates this was written in 1937.  In diary form, it recounts work at La Panne and Vinckem with Dr Antoine Depage


Laval E.  Souvenirs d’un médecin-major, 1914-1917

Paris, Payot, 1932

Édouard Laval was a colonel in the reserve; this book is his diary.  It is one of a large collection of “mémoires, etudes et documents pour server à l’histoire de la guerre mondiale”  from the same publisher


Laveille ESJ. Au service des blesses, 1914-1918

Bruxelles-Paris, Action Catholique-Libr. Giraudon, 1923:

Life and death of 13 very young Belgian Jesuits killed during World War I, during which they served as stretcher-bearers in the Belgian Army.


Lawrence M.  Shadow of swords: a biography of Elsie Inglis.

London, Michael Joseph, 1971.


Layton TB.  Sir William Arbuthnot Lane, Bt.  An enquiry into the mind and influence of a surgeon

            Edinburgh, Livingstone, 1956

Arbuthnot Lane was head of army surgery in the Great War, and instrumental in supporting Gillies and the development of a specialist facial injury hospital at Sidcup


Lee RI. Letters from Roger I. Lee, Lt. Col, U.S. Army Medical Corps, 1917-1918.

            Privately Printed, Brookline, MA, 1962.


Leneman L.  Elsie Inglis

            Edinburgh, NMS Publishing, 1998

Modern biography of the founder of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals from a series of “readable biographies of famous Scots”


Leng W St Q.  S.S.A.10: notes on the work of a British Volunteer Ambulance convoy with the French Army

            Sheffield, 1918

The author was a volunteer ambulance driver with  the 2nd  French Army (of Verdun), and  was  awarded the Croix de Guerre


Léri A.  Les Commotions et emotions de Guerre

            Paris, Masson, 1918

Describes cases of early psychoneurosis & discusses the relation between physical and mental causes


Lesceux H.  Sous le signe de la Croix-Rouge.   Journal d'un brancardier de la Grande Guerre

Chimay (Belgium), Hubert-Macq, 1961


Lewis TE.  Twelve months in an Army Hospital

            Washington DC, Gruver, 1921


Lindsay D.  The Leafy Tree.  My Family

            Melbourne, FW Cheshire, 1965

            Account by Daryl Lindsay of his life and family.  The whole family was artistic; Lindsay began his war service with the ASC and was recruited as a War Artists himself through the efforts of Will Dyson, married to his sister Ruby.  His appointment to Sidcup came as the result of a chance meeting and he describes his time there in Chapter 9, along with Ruby’s death from Spanish flu


De L'Isle A.  Leaves from a V.A.D.'s Diary

Elliot Stock, 1922.

Impressions & recollections – some amusing, many evocative – of  wartime work in a military hospital that "like many others, had been a family mansion. The owner had lent it 'for the duration.'



Livingston St C, Steen-Hansen I.  Under three flags: with the Red Cross in France

            London, Macmillan 1916


Lord JR.  The story of the war hospital, Epsom

            London, Heinemann, 1920


Luard KE.  Unknown Warriors. 

            London, Chatto & Windus, 1930


Lucas EV.  Outposts of mercy: the record of a visit in 1916 to the various units

            of the British Red Cross in Italy 

            London, Methuen 1917

A tiny card backed book by a famous travel writer.  He notes that there was a facial injury hospital at Udine, but no records appear to survive relating to this


Mann S (ed).  The war diary of Clare Gass, 1915-1918.

Montreal & London, McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2000

Clare Gass served at the 3rd Canadian General Hospital (among others) where the head of Medicine was John McCrae


Martin K. Father Figures: A Volume of Autobiography.
London, Hutchinson 1966

Kingsley Martin inherited from his father the faith that individual conscience comes before State, or Party or worldly success. A passionate pacifist in WWI, he was a member of the Friends' Ambulance Unit, and describes the strange life of an ambulance orderly in France in 1917-18. In the years that followed he attended Cambridge and after taking his degree he went into teaching and writing on the illusion of power to be won in politics.


McCombe J, Menzies AF.  Medical service at the Front

            Philadelphia, Lea, 1918


McDougall, G.  A nurse at the war: nursing adventures in Belgium and France

            New York, Robert M. McBride, 1917

            Grace McDougall, a FANY, worked for Belgian hospitals


Macfarlane N.  Ian Macfarlane.  Soldier and Medical Missionary

            London, Religious Tract Society, 1935

            One of a series of “Beacon Biographies published by the Society.  Compiled from diaries and letters, the latter part of the book details Macfarlane’s work in France and Egypt.  He died of typhus on July 18th 1917 at the age of 29


Mackenna RW.  Through a Tent Door

            London, John Murray, 1920

            Mackenna was a gynaecologist who was called up in 1914, served at the Fazackerley Hospital, Liverpool until 1917 and was then posted to the 57th General Hospital in Boulogne.  The book is based on this posting


Maclaren ES.  Elsie Inglis, the Woman with the Torch (Pioneers of Progress series)

London, S.P.C.K, 1920.


Macnaughtan S.  A woman's diary of the war

            London, Nelson, 1915


Macnaughton S.  My war experiences in two continents

            London, John Murray, 1919


Macqueen JM.  Our war, being the experiences in France of a specialist sanitary officer

            Halesowen, MacQueen, 1931

Rare privately printed memoir & a most unusual viewpoint of RAMC TF officer appointed OC 51st Highland Division Sanitary Section. Served France 1915-18: "Our war involved us in a ceaseless attack on the camping grounds & lurking places of the agents of disease" - unglamourous but essential work, from education of troops in personal hygiene (some of the Highlanders took exception it seems) to disposal of waste matter, provision of latrines, prevention of disease &c. Much of interest on life in the war zone (notes from Turner Donovan Books)

Magnien J.  Le 6ème bataillon de chasseurs a pied de Vincennes, 1914-1918. Feuilles de  route de l'ancien Sergent Brancardier

Paris, Almanach du Combattant, no date (1936)


von Malade T.  ."Feldarzt". von Amiens bis Aleppo

            Munich, Lehnann's 1930

Malade was an surgeon [Feldarzt] with the German Army; this is his diary which begins in August 1914 with the invasion of France and ends in Mesopotamia  in 1917. In between he served in Russia, Lorraine, Turkey, and the Dardanelles, etc.


Malcolm I.  War pictures behind the lines

            New York, Dutton, 1915


Manion RJ.  A surgeon in arms

            New York, Appleton, 1918

Experiences of a Canadian RAMC officer who served (according to a pencilled addendum in our copy) in the 21st Battalion, CEF


Martin AA.  A Surgeon in Khaki

            London, Arnold, 1915

Martin worked at the No 6 Hospital, Rouen


Martin P-A.  Albert Martin (1866-1948).  Souvenirs d’un chirurgien de la Grande Guerre

            Luneray, Editions Bertout, 1996

            Based on Martin’s diaries.  He was a friend and colleague of Georges Duhamel (q.v.)


Martin‑Nicholson, Sister.  My experiences on three Fronts

            London, Allen & Unwin, 1916


Matthews G.  Experiences of a Woman Doctor in Serbia

Mills & Boon, 1916

            Caroline Matthews served with the Serbian Army Field Unit, staying behind at the evacuation of Kragujevatz and staying at the Uzsitei Hospital


Maugny, Comtesse Clément de.  Au Royaume du Bistouri

Geneva, Henn, n.d.(1919)

Album of cartoons about life of nurses at the front. Preface by Marcel Proust (who published nothing during the war)


Maufrais L (Ed. Martine Veillet).  J'étais médecin dans les tranchées.

            Paris, Robert Laffont, 2008

            Louis Maufrais’ medical career was interrupted by the outbreak of war and he spent his early career as a medical officer in the tranches.  This book is edited by his granddaughter, who discovered the tapes made by Maufrais recounting his experience, and transcribed them


McEwen Y.  It’s a Long Way to Tipperary: British and Irish Nurses in the Great War

Dunfermline, Cualann Press, 2006


McQueen JM.  Our War: Being the Experiences in France of a specialist Sanitary Officer with the 51st Highland Division & with the 17th Corps in which were at sundry times various Divisions and notably the 17th Northern English Division

Dudley, Tom Price (printer), n.d. (c.1931)

            Privately printed memoir of an RAMC TF sanitary officer


Members of Her Majesty Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Nursing Service.

            Reminiscent Sketches 1914 to 1919

            London, John Bale, Sons & Danielsson Ltd, 1922


Muenier P-A.  L'angoisse de Verdun. Notes d'un conducteur d'auto-sanitaire

Nancy, Presses Universitaires, 1991: Second ed. (First ed.: 1919)

            Account of a (non-ambulance) motorised platoon that transported the wounded


Millard S.  I saw them die

            London, Harrap, 1936

Memoir of a US nurse written around her 1918 diary and based on experience of a hospital eight miles behind the front


Mills, AH.  Hospital days

            London, Fisher Unwin, 1916


Mitchell C van S.  With a military ambulance in France, 1914‑1915

            Princeton NJ, Princeton Banner Press, 1915


Mitton GE (ed).  The cellar‑house of Pervyse

            London, A&C Black, 1917

Describes the work of Baroness de T’Serclaes and Mairi Chisholm, who set up an advance first aid post for the Belgian Army in Flanders


Mompezat M.  Ambulance H24

Paris, Librairie Gallimard, 1930

Account of a military ambulance during WW1.


Moran, Lord.  The Anatomy of Courage.

            London, Constable & Co, 1945

An essay of great stature on courage, and the lack of it. Charles Wilson, Lord Moran, served with the Royal Fusiliers for two years before being posted to a base hospital


Moon ERP.  Four weeks as acting Commandant at the Belgian Field Hospital

            London, Humphreys, 1915


Moore W.  The thin yellow line

            London, Leo Cooper, 1974


Moran H.  Viewless Winds.  Being the Recollections and Digressions of an Australian Surgeon

            London, Peter Davies, 1939

            Herbert Moran captained the first amateur Australian rugby team to visit the UK (in 1908).  Posted to Aldershot, he subsequently served at Gallipoli and in Mesopotamia


Moynihan M (Ed).  A Place called Armageddon. Letters from the Great War

            Newton Abbot, David & Charles, 1975

            Contains a chapter about Capt J.S.S. Martin, RAMC, who was present during the siege of Kut


Muir JR.  Years of Experience

            London, Paul Allen, 1936. 

Surgeon Rear-Admiral Muir’s experience was in England and the North Sea fleet


Muir W.  The Happy Hospital.

            London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1918


Muir W.  Observations of an Orderly

            London, Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Co., 1917

Two brilliantly written accounts of work at the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth, London.  Muir was also Editor of the hospital’s journal, in which “The Doings of Donovan” first appeared.


Munthe A.  Red Cross and Iron Cross

            London, John Murray, 1916

Axel Munthe was author of “The Story of San Michele”, his postwar retreat on the island of Capri


Munthe G, Uexkull G. (trans.M Munthe & Lord Sudley). The story of Axel Munthe.

            New York, E.P Dutton & Co, 1953.

Axel Munthe served  with the Red Cross at the front during World War I, and was author of Red Cross and Iron Cross (q.v.). Gustaf Munthe was his son.)


“My Sergeant”.  Mildmay Park.  Episodes of a Doughboy in a London Hospital

            Boston, Richard G Badger, 1920

            The cover introduction begins “”A book with a distinctly French flavor which glides lightly and daringly over the little love adventures of an ingenuous American doughboy while convalescing in a London Hospital”.  Mostly about the girls he fancied, and women of the street, and full of lust


Nasmith GG.  On the fringe of the great fight

            New York, Doran, 1918


N.D.M. Two Years After.  Or Twelve Months of Armageddon.  Some reminiscences of a Temporary Regimental 

Sawbones 1915-1916

            Printed for private circulation only, 1918


O Brian AL.  No glory: Letters from France, 1917‑1919

            Buffalo, Airport, 1936


Orcutt PD.  White road of mystery: the note‑book of an American ambulancier

            London, John Lane, 1918

The author was an ambulance driver with American Field Service Section 31, with the French Army in the Verdun region


Osburn AC.  Unwilling passenger

            London, Faber & Faber, 1932

            Arthur Osburn was a regular RAMC officer with the 4th Dragoon Guards, 2nd Cavalry Brigade, and later on the staff of the 20th (Light) Division


Norec A. Miss Cavell, Heroine et Martyre

Paris, Rouff (Coll. Patrie #3), 1917


O’Rorke BG.  In the Hands of the Enemy: being the experiences of a prisoner of war

London, Longmans, 1916

O’Rorke was chaplain of the 4th Field Ambulance, captured with the wounded of the Coldstream Guards at Landrecies and held at Torgau, Burg and Magdebrug.  He was repatriated in 1915


“The Padre”.  Fifty Thousand Miles on a Hospital Ship.

            London, The Religious Tract Society, 1917

Experiences of a hospital ship chaplain in the Mediterranean


Paget S.  Sir Victor Horsley

            London, Constable, 1919. 

Biography of Sir Victor Horsley, who was a consultant to the Expeditionary Force in Egypt and Mesopotamia.


Pengelly E.  Nursing in peace and war.

Wellington, NZ, H. Tombs, 1956. 
Chiefly nursing in the First World War with diary extracts. 


Perret J.  La mort d'un prêtre-soldat, L'Abbé Joseph Cottancin (1881-1916), professeur de rhétorique à l'Institution Victor de Laprade à Montbuison, brancardier divisionnaire, blessé mortellement au fort de Tavannes le 12 juin 1916

Montbuison (France), Eleuthère Brassart, 1917


Pierrelle C.  Pour l’âme des soldats. Lettres à un filleul de Guerre. Aux infirmières de France et à leurs blessés

Paris & Lyon, Beauchesnes et Nouvellet, 1917

            Our copy bears an autograph signature


Platoon Commander (pseud).  Hospital days

            London, T Fisher Unwin, 1916

            A series of sketches, some published in the “Westminster Gazette” and “Daily Mail”, describing the progress of a casualty from the front to the end of his treatment.  The lavish facilities (and food) of his London convalescence suggest the “Commander” had significant private means


Plenz PG.  Kriegsbriefe eines Feldarztes der Armee Hindenburg (War letters from a field doctor in Hindenburg’s army)

Gotha, 1916


Poisot M.  Mon journal de guerre: 1914-1918

Beaune 1985

WW1 personal narrative of a French doctor. Facsimile of the manuscript.


Pound R.  Gillies: Surgeon Extraordinary. 

            London, Michael Joseph, 1964

The biography of Sir Harold Gillies, chief surgeon at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup, and regarded as the father of 20th Century plastic surgery


Prentice S.  Padre: A Red Cross Chaplain

New York, Dutton, 1919

Sartrell Prentice worked as a chaplain at a Base Hospital and behind the lines


Ramsay J (Capt RAMC).  The Outside Edge of Battle.  Some recollections of a Casualty Clearing Station

            Blackburn, The Standard Press, 1919

The author was attached to the East Lancs (64 CCS) in 1917


Ramsay, Ron J. ( ed. ) Hell, Hope and Heroes. Life in the Field Ambulance in World War I -- the Memoirs of Private Roy Ramsay A.I.F

Australia, Rosenberg Publishing Pty. Ltd

In 1915, Private Roy Ramsay, freshly trained at a camp near Brisbane, set sail from Australia for the Middle East with the 4th Light Horse Field Ambulance. Serving on hospital ships in the Dardanelles and evacuating a mounting number of sick and wounded, he learns about the battles from the wounded. Serving with the 1st Division 3rd Field Ambulance on the Western Front, he goes through Pozieres and other major set-piece battles of trench warfare. Attached to Dressing Stations just behind the front line Roy is able to keep in touch with his mates and with the AIF's overall tactical situation. With the Australians now united in one corps under General Monash and despite constantly decreasing numbers, they play a key role during the last six months of the war in driving the Germans back to the Hindenburg Line. This account of Roy's life was edited from his diaries by his son


Ray AC (ed) “R.A.L.”  Letters of a Canadian Stretcher Bearer

            Boston, Little, Brown & Co, 1918

R.A.L. saw service at No 3 Canadian General Hospital at Boulogne before moving up to the front.  He was gassed near Lens on 23rd August 1917.  A remarkably frank account, no holds barred


Reckitt HJ.  V.R.76, a French military hospital

            London, Heinemann, 1921


Rémi H.  Hommes sans visage.

            Lausaunne, SPES, 1942

In this short paperback Henriette Rémi describes her experiences as a nursing assistant at an unnamed French hospital for facial injuries.  The descriptions of the torment endured by the injured as they face rejection by their loved ones is harrowing in the extreme


Riemann H. Schwester der Vierten Armee. Ein Kriegstagebuch. (Sister in the Fourth Army: a diary)

Berlin, Karl Vogels Verlag, 1930


Rice PS.  An American crusader at Verdun

            Princeton, Princeton UP, 1918

            (previously published as: An ambulance driver in France)


Robinson, W J.  My fourteen months at the front: an American's baptism of fire

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916


Roger N.. Carnets d’une infirmière

Paris, Attinger, 1916

A series of six pamphlets listed by Prothero as “Soldats blesses etc”:Soldats blesses I & II, Silhouettes d’Hôpital and Figures de Héros are the first four


Rorie D.  A Medico's Luck in the War. 

            Aberdeen, Milne & Hutchinson, 1929

Served with the 51st (Highland) Division, and describes Givenchy, Beaumont Hamel, Cambrai and the battles of 1918


Rote NF.  Nurse Helen Fairchild World War One 1917-1918

            Lewisburg, Pa, Privately printed, 2006

            Helen Fairchild served as a nurse in a CCS before assisting Dr Harte, Director of Base Hospital 10.  She died of liver failure as the result of chloroform poisoning, following surgery.  This account contains a great wealth of detail about medical conditions at the front and many illustrations, including a photograph of her funeral


Roussel-Lepine J.  Une Ambulance de Gare. Croquis des premiers jours de guerre

Paris, Plon, 1916

            Description of a hospital in the Ile de France


Rutherford NJC.  Memories of an Army Surgeon

            Paul, 1939

Recollections from Salonika


Ryder R.  Edith Cavell

            London, Hamish Hamilton, 1973


St Clair W (ed St Clair J).  The Road to St Julien

            Barnsley, Pen & Sword Books, 2004

            Edited letters of a stretcher-bearer covering the entire war


Sandes F.  The Autobiography of a Woman Soldier.  A brief record of adventure with the Serbian army 1916-1919

            New York, Frederick A Stokes, 1928

            Sandes was first a nurse and then a soldier in the Serbian ranks


Schwander M.  Dans la Tourmente. Avec les Belges pendant la Guerre mondiale (septembre 1914 - décembre 1915)

            Paris-Neuchatel, ca. 1919

The author was a nurse, member of the "Alliance Suisse des Gardes-Malades".


Sergeant ES.  Shadow‑shapes, the journal of a wounded woman, October 1918‑May 1919

            Boston, Houghton Mifflin, 1920


Shield H.  War Diary, 12 August-25 October, 1914.

            Privately printed, 1915

A dramatic account of the retreat from Mons.  The author, a medical officer, was killed on 26 October.


Shiveley GJ (ed).  Record of the S.S.U.585 Yale ambulance unit with the French

            Army 1917‑1919

            New York, Brick Row, 1920


Sinclair M.  A journal of impressions: record of experiences with a field ambulance in the autumn of 1914. 

            London, Hutchinson; New York, Macmillan, 1915


Smith LN.  Four Years out of Life

            London, Philip Allan, 1921

Nursing experiences on the Western Front, illustrated by the Author’s own atmospheric woodcuts


Soulacroix T. Notes de Guerre et d'Ambulance

Paris, Lethielleux, 1916


Souttar HS.  A Surgeon in Belgium. 

            London, Edward Arnold, 1915

Experiences with the Belgian Field Ambulance service


Spackman RA (ed Spackman A)  Captured at Kut, Prisoner of the Turks

            London, Pen & Sword Books, 2009

            Record of the Medical Officer of an Indian infantry battalion in Mesopotamia


Sparrow G, Macbean Ross JN.  On Four Fronts with the Royal Naval Division

            London,, New York & Toronto, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918

            The Foreword to this account of the RND by two Divisional surgeons, written by Surgeon-General Sir James Porter, calls this “an absorbing and realistic narrative of stirring times”.  The authors self-deprecatingly call it “these rambling notes”.  It is part description of events from Antwerp through Gallipoli to Salonika and then France, and part medical notes on duties, aliments and psychology


Speakman MAV.  Memories.  Experiences of American hospital service in France

            Wilmington, The Greenwood Bookshop, 1937

Written by the wife of Dr William Speakman, a dental surgeon who served with the AEF following volunteer service in France.  Contains a description of facial injuries that Speakman encountered at Neuilly, and personal accounts of the soldiers who were so injured


Spearing EM.  From Cambridge to Camiers under the Red Cross 

            Cambridge, W Heffer & Sons, 1917

            Account of nursing in Cambridge (the author was a fellow of Newnham College, and the draft of one of her books perished at the printers in Louvain when that town was overrun by the Germans) and in France.  She numbered the Scots as her favourite patients, followed by Londoners


Spiegl P (ed).  Elsie Fenwick in Flanders.  The Diaries of a Nurse 1915-1918

            Stamford, Spiegl Press, 1980

Elsie Fenwick served with the Red Cross at La Panne, beginning as a probationer and finishing as head sister on a surgical ward of 80 beds


“Staff Nurse”.  “Scottie” and some others.

            London, W&R Chambers, 1919

Portraits of patients


Stephens H et al.  Two years with the French Army.  Section Sanitaire Anglaise 19

            London, The Pelican press, 1919

            Subtitled “An Account of the work of a Motor-Ambulance Convoy of the friends’ Ambulance Unit, B.R.C.S., 1916-1918.  Covers several areas; includes a list of members (and, curiously, their postwar addresses)and describes both the work of the Unit and its social life


Stephenson W.  A Memoir of the Rev. W.H. Norman M.A.

            privately printed, n.d.

            A sergeant in the RAMC, Norman had served in France during 1915-16 until invalided by neuritis and rheumatism.  He was lost at sea while  returning to service in Egypt on the Transylvania when it was torpedoed in the Mediterranean on 4th May 1917


Stevenson B.  Betty Stevenson, Y.M.C.A. Croix De Guerre AVEC Palme. Sept. 3, 1896 - MAY 30, 1918.

            London, Longmans, 1920.            

Important letters from the young Betty Stevenson, a nurse, to her family - written in France where she worked with the Y.M.C.A. from early 1916 to May 1918 when she was killed in a bombing raid near Etaples.


Stevenson WY.  At the Front in a Flivver

            Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1917

Account by the financial editor of a Philadelphia newspaper of his experiences as an ambulancier with the French from March to December 1916.  He ended the war as head of Section I


Stevenson WY.  From “Poilu” to “Yank”

            Boston & New York, Houghton & Mifflin, 1918

            Follow-up to “At the Front”


Stimson JC.   Finding themselves: the letters of an American Army Chief Nurse in a British Hospital in France

            New York, Macmillan, 1919; 2nd printing 1927


Stobart MA. The Flaming Sword in Serbia and elsewhere

Hodder & Stoughton, 1916

            Mrs St Clair Stobart was Chief of the Serbian Relief Fund, Unit 3.  Part I: deals with preliminaries and military hospital work in Bulgaria, Belgium, France and Serbia. Part II: deals with roadside tent dispensary work. Part III: is a diary of the Serbian retreat. Part IV: discusses a) the war work of women, b) Serbian character, c) the evils of war. Part V: comprises maps and letters and lists of personnel.


Stull Holt W.  The Great War at Home and Abroad: the World War 1 diaries and letters of W. Stull Holt

NY, Sunflower University Press, 1998


Sturzenegger (G.) La Serbie en guerre, 1914-1916.  episodes vecus et illustrés de 120 photographes par une suissesse allemande au service de la Croix-Rouge,

Neuchâtel, Delachaux & Niestlé, 1916

            Unusually well illustrated


“Sullivan RN.  "Somewhere in France": personal letters of Reginald Nöel Sullivan S. S. U. 65 of the American ambulance field service.

San Francisco, printed for private circulation, 1917.



Sutton-Pickhard MF.  France in War Time 1914-1915

            London, Methuen, 1915

            Maud Sutton-Pickhard was a Red Cross nurse with British troops


Swayne ML.  In Mesopotamia

London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1918

Vivid impressions of an RAMC officer, with tipped-in copies of the author’s watercolours.  He describes a possibly apocryphal story of how a Turkish assault on Basra ended with the arrival of what the Turks thought to be an artillery column, but was actually a scratch ambulance convoy; and his descriptions of the sickness suffered, particularly sandfly fever and heatstroke, are graphic


Tanner WE.  Sir W. Arbuthnot Lane, Bart. His Life and Work

London, Baillière Tindall and Cox, 1946

            Biography of the head of army surgery in WW1, but curiously lacking much mention of his war work although the credit for the development of the Queen's Hospital Sidcup is attributed to Lane and Henry Tonks.


Tayler H.  A Scottish Nurse at work. Being a record of what one semi-trained nurse has be privileged to see and do during four and a half years of war

London, Lane, 1920

Another memoir in the series “On Active Service”


Tennent RJ.  Red Herrings of 1918.

Speldhurst, 1980

Based on the letters to her parents from Josephine Tennant, née Pennell, a female ambulance driver serving with the British Red Cross.  As a member of the BRCS St Omer Convoy she was awarded the Military Medal for her work in a night air raid on the town


Thompson B.  Four months in Italy in wartime

London, Lane, 1920

Record of VAD work in a series entitled “On Active Service”


de T’Serclaes, Baroness.  Flanders and Other Fields

            London, George Harrap, 1964

Autobiography detailing front line nursing in Belgium (Chapters 4-11)


Teichman O.  Diary of a Yeomanry M.O., Egypt, Gallipoli, Palestine and Italy        

London, Fisher Unwin, 1921


Thans H.  Mijn Oorlog (My War)

Mechelen (Belgium), S. Franciscus Drukkerij 1934

Memoirs of the author, a Flemish priest, who was sent, during World War I to the 'Centre d'Instruction Brancardiers Infirmiers' at Anvours (France) and then served at the Cabour front-hospital in Adinkerke (on the Belgian-France border). Text in Dutch.


Thayer WR et al.  The Edith Cavell Nurse from Massachusetts:  A Record of One Year's Personal Service with the B.E.F. in France

Boston, W.A Butterfield, 1917


Thomson, Major-Médecin Louis-L.  La retraite de Serbie (octobre-décembre 1915) ; Mémoires et récits de guerre

Paris, Librairie Hachette et Cie, 1916

It is sad to find such a book for sale uncut


Thurston V.  Field Hospital and Flying Column.  Being the Journal of a Nursing Sister in Belgium & Russia

            London & New York, G.P.Putnam’s Sons, 1916

Violetta Thurston was in Brussels when the German forces arrived and continued nursing duties until sent across Germany to Denmark, thence to Poland and Russia, where she was slightly wounded by a German bomb.


Thurston V.  The Hounds of War Unleashed.  A Nurse’s account of life on the Eastern Front during the 1914-1918 war.

            Cornwall, United Writers, 1978


Tilton, M. The Grey Battalion.

            Sydney, Australia, Angus & Robertson, 1934.

The  experiences of an Australian Army Nursing Sister during World War I, 1915 to 1918


Toland ED.  The aftermath of battle: with the Red Cross in France 

            London, Macmillan, 1916

Posted to the hospital established in the Majestic Hotel, Paris, Toland describes the early management of facial injuries, the effects of delay in treatment, and tetanus before anti-tetanic serum became available.  He later transferred to the Harjes Ambulance Corps.  One recollection is of being asked, in the operating theatre, to light a cigar to hide the smell of a septic wound


Tubby AH.  A Consulting Surgeon in the Near East

            London, Christophers, 1920

The Author served in the Mediterranean and Egyptian Expeditionary Forces between 1915 and 1919


Ussher CD, Knapp GH. An American Physician in Turkey: A Narrative of Adventures in Peace And in War

            Boston, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1917.

            Reprint version by JC & AL Fawcett, 1990


Van Bergen L.  Zacht en eervol, Lijden en sterven in een Grote Oorlog. (Gentle and honourful, suffering and dying in the Great War)

Den Haag & Antwerpen,  Standaard Uitgeverij, 1999

Translated as “Before my Helpless Sight:  Suffering, Dying and Military medicine on the Western front, 1914-1918” (Farnham, Ashgate Publishing, 2009)


van Bevervoorde - van Rappard AL.  Souvenirs et impressions d'une infirmière de pays neutre en France pendant les années de guerre 1916 et 1917.

Rotterdam, Impr. Veuve S Benedictus, 1917.

Memoirs of a member of the Dutch nobility, working for the French Red Cross.


Van Den Steen (Comtesse). Mon Journal d’Infirmière aout-novembre 1914.

Bruxelles, Office de Publicité, 1937

War diary of a leading nurse on the Belgian front and in Poperinghe


van Tienhoven A.  Avec les Serbes, 1914-16.  Journal de guerre d'un chirurgien



Various authors.  Livre Jubilaire publié en l'honneur du Docteur Paul Derache, Lieutenant Genéral Medécin

Bruxelles, 1933

Paul Derache was, with Antoine Depage, the most famous Belgian doctor working on the battlefield during WW1


Vivian EC.  With the Royal Army Medical Corps at the Front

Hodder & Stoughton (Daily Telegraph War Books), 1914

Written in a popular tone (with a few propaganda stories) to inform the public


Voigt FA.  Combed Out.

            London, Jonathan Cape, 1920 (Travellers’ Library ed.1929)

Contains a graphic account of orderly work in a CCS


Voivenel P. (ed Canini G).  A Verdun avec la 67 DR

            Nancy, Presses Universitares de Nancy, 1991

Diary of a front line medical officer: Voivenel was medical officer of the 211th Infantry regiment.  These extracts relate to the Regiment’s experiences at Verdun


Voivenel P. Le médecin devant la douleur et devant la mort.

            Paris, Libraire des Champs-Élysées, 1934


Walker HFB.  A Doctor's Diary in Damaraland

            London, E.Arnold, 1917. 

The story of a mounted Brigade Field Ambulance with Gen. Botha in 1915.


Ward H.  Mr Poilu.  Notes and Sketches with the Fighting French

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916

            Herbert Ward left school at 16 and after further education in the Antipodes (“in a university of struggle and hardship”, being variously a miner, stock-rider and gymnast in a circus) he took to the sea.  Thereafter he went into Africa and joined Stanley on the expedition to relieve Emin Pasha in the Sudan.  He married in America in 1900 and moved to Paris to pursue his interest in sculpture.  Ward lost one son at Neuve Chapelle and another, in the RFC, was wounded.  He lent his French house to the Red Cross and joined No 3 Convoy of the British Ambulance Committee which operated under the French army at Gérardmer, subsequently returning to the USA to lecture and raise funds for the American War Relief Clearing House in Paris 


Watkins OS.  With French in France and Flanders.  Being the experience of a chaplain attached to a Field Ambulance

            London, Charles H. Kelly, 1915

The author accompanied the 14th Field Ambulance from mobilisation in August 1914 to Ypres in 1915


Watson F. The Life of Sir Robert Jones.

            Baltimore, William Wood & Co, 1934.

Sir Robert Jones (1857-1933) was a pioneer in surgery and orthopaedics. There is much material on his work with disabled soldiers in World War I.


Weihmann M.  In allen Sätteln. Reiterbuch eines deutschen Artzes (On all saddles. Riding book of a German doctor)

Leipzig, Paul List, 1937

The author rode with artillery which fought against T. E. Lawrence.


Weiss L.  Memoires d'une Europeenne Petite Fille du Siècle 1893-1919

Paris, Albin Michel, 1978

First of six volumes of memoirs of one of the women of this century who were the most involved in the political and artistic history of Europe.  Pp 171-233 are devoted to her WW1 nursing experience


Wenzel M, Cornish J.  Auntie Mabel’s War.  An account of her part in the Hostilities of 1914-18

Allen Lane, 1980

The story of Mabel Jeffery, who served as a nurse in Northern France and the Balkans with the Scottish Women’s Hospital


Werner MR.  “Orderly!”

            New York, Jonathan Cape and Harrison Smith, 1930

Life in a Normandy base hospital during 1917-1919


Westerdale TLB.  Under the Red Cross flag 

            London, C.H.Kelly 1915 


Westmann S.  Surgeon with the Kaiser’s Army

            London, Wm Kimber, 1968

Westmann settled in England, but this book relates his experiences in the German front line


Whalen RW.  Bitter Wounds: German Victims of the Great War, 1914-1939
Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1984

A thorough study of German wounded , their rehabilitation and support services between the wars.  It is a sad tale; “organised benevolence failed partly because it was torpedoed by Germany’s governing elites in the early 1930s”


Wight OB (ed).  On active service with Base Hospital U.S. Army, March 20, 1918,

            to May 25, 1919

            Portland, Arcady 1919


Wignall E (ed Harrison C).  Diary and notes from the Great War 1914-1918

            Privately compiled, 1999

            Transcript of the diaries of QMS Edgar Wignall, 51st Field Ambulance


Wilder A.  Armageddon Revisited.

            New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1994

Amos Wilder’s initial experience of the war was as an ambulance driver on the Western Front and in Macedonia


Wilson-Simmie K.  Lights Out!  The Memoir of Nursing Sister Kate Wilson, Canadian Army medical Corps 1915-1917

            Ottawa, Mikra Publishing, 1981 (2nd edition CEF Books, 2004)

            One of two CAMC nursing memoirs, it covers the Canadian hospitals sent to Lemnos for the Gallipoli campaign


Wilson RM.   Doctor's Progress

            London, Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1938. 

Autobiography of a doctor turned journalist.  Wilson was “extracted” from medicine by Lord Northcliffe and became a British war correspondent in France.  Initially turned down for active service because of a heart murmur he was later accepted into the R.A.M.C. and worked with James Mackenzie on cardiac problems and with Byam and others on trench-fever. This work was published by R.P. Strong (q.v.)


Winant C. A Soldier's Manuscript.

            Boston, Privately Printed, 1929.

Cornelius Winant served as an ambulance driver in France during World War I, and was twice imprisoned in German prison camps.


Winthrop Young G.  The Grace of Forgetting

London, Country Life, 1953

Writer and war correspondent, Young was moved by the plight of Ypres and joined the Friends Ambulance Unit, working both in Ypres and on the Italian Front


Wolfrom M (Marthe Amalbert).  Geneviève Hennet de Goutel

Paris, Gabriel Beauchene, 1926

Geneviève Hennet de Goutel was a nurse on several battle fronts during WWI.  She died following a febrile illness in Romania


Yapp CB (ed).  Nos chers blessés.  Une infirmière dans la Grande Guerre

            Sain-Cyr-sur Loire, Alan Sutton, 2002

            Taken from the journal of Claudine Bourcier, who nursed at Biarritz and the front and wrote in school exercise books as if to her 6 year old grandson


Young FB.  Marching on Tanga (With General Smuts in East Africa)

            London, Collins, 1917

            Francis Brett Young was medical officer to the 2nd Rhodesian Regiment.  The book describes the cat and mouse operations in East Africa in an elegant style


Young J.  With the 52nd (Lowland) Division in Three Continents.

            Edinburgh, W. Green, 1920

Memoir by the commanding officer of the 1/3rd Lowland Field Ambulance, originally published as a series of articles in the Edinburgh Medical Review and covering service at Gallipoli and in Egypt and Palestine





4.  Services, Unit records or histories


Allison RS.  The Surgeon Probationers

            Belfast, Blackstaff Press, 1979

            Story of the rapidly trained group of medical assistants, many of them medical students, recruited into the Royal Navy to make up medical numbers.  Contains a reproduction of a handbook produced for them by Staff Surgeon Willan


Adami, JG. War Story of the Canadian Army Medical Corps. Vol. I: the first contingent (to the autumn of 1915)

            Toronto, Musson Book Company Ltd., c. 1918.


Alper H (ed).  A History of Queen Mary’s University Hospital, Roehampton

            Privately printed, Richmond, Twickenham & Roehampton Healthcare NHS Trust, n.d.

            Chapters 1 & 2 describe the work of the hospital in WW1 and after; it was the main hospital for men who had lost limbs, and the Queen's Hospital Sidcup was modelled on it, with its residual work (and resources) being moved there in 1925.  After WW2 Harold Gillies developed plastic surgical work at Roehampton


Allen A.  Hospital ships from the Great War

            Western Front Association, 1999

            One of a series of booklets on topics of the Great War illustrated with contemporary postcards.  This is No 8; of the 14 No 5 covers St Dunstan’s Hospital and No 11 is “Battle Casualties and the RAMC”


Ames F.    American Red Cross work among the French people.

            New York, Macmillan, 1921


Angetter CD.  Dem Tod geweiht und doch gerettet Die Sanitäts versorgung am Isonzo und in dem Dolomiten 1915-18. (Doomed to die, yet saved: Medical care on the Isonzo river and in the Dolomites)

            Frankfurt, Peter Lang GmbH Europäische Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1995

Medical treatment on the Italian Front


Anon.  5th London Field Ambulance (47th (London) Division T.F. 1914-1919

            London, Lake & Bell (printers),  n.d.( c.1935)

            A small commemorative volume containing a brief summary of the Unit’s history prior to the war, and summary of movements during it.  The Unit was based in Greenwich.  A team song is included at the end: ”The Fifth the Fliers, The Fifth the triers, The Fifth that never tires, And never makes a fuss, Oh! We will tell you on the strict Q.T. Just the sort o’kind o’chaps we be We are the Fifth London Field Ambulance of the R.A.M.C.”.  It is difficult to envisage circumstances in which this might be sung


Anon. A History of No.7 (Queen's) Canadian General Hospital: March 26th, 1915 - Nov 15th, 1917

            Queen's University, 1917


Anon.  Air Service Medical.  Report of the War Department, Air Service, Division of Military Aeronautics,

Washington, Government Printing Office, 1919

            Comprehensive manual covering medical examination for service and medical problems


Anon (British Red Cross Society). Appeal and case for members of the nursing staff of  the Scottish Red Cross Hospital , Rouen

Edinburgh, 1919


Anon.  British Red Cross and Order of St John.  Enquiry List No 14, 1917: Wounded and Missing.  Containing all Enquiries up to and including July 20th, 1917

            London, Red Cross, 1917 (repr. Naval & Military Press, n.d)

A mighty reference book listing men by regiment; the reprint includes the Australian and Canadian data


Anon.  A Record of the 362nd Field Hospital Company, 316th Sanitary Train, 91st Division, United States Army.

            n.p, c.1919.


Anon.  A record of the Third East Anglian Field Ambulance 1914-1919

            Privately printed, n.d


Anon.  A Train Errant.  Being the experiences of a Voluntary Unit in France and an anthology from their magazine.

            Hertford, Simson & Co, 1919

A record of No 16 Ambulance Train, presented to the British Red Cross by the United Kingdom Flour Millers, and crewed by the Friends’ Ambulance.  Numerous illustrations, several in colour.  From August 1915 to January 1919 it transported 157,562 patients; its busiest day was on 3rd May 1917, when it carried 824 injured.


Anon.  An illustrated Record of Red Cross Work in the East of Scotland

            Edinburgh Red Cross Committee, 1918

A “souvenir” book comprising an alphabetical list of Red Cross Hospitals, listing personnel, numbers of patients admitted and dates of opening.  Illustrated with numerous photographs of buildings (many of which are stately homes), facilities, staff  and patients


Anon.  British Red Cross Society: Reports on Voluntary Aid rendered to the sick and wounded at home and

abroad and to British Prisoners of War, 1914-1919.

            London, HMSO, 1921.


Anon.  De Nederlandsche Ambulance in Rusland (The Dutch Ambulance Service in Russia)

            Holland, 1917

Illustrated pamphlet of 12 pp describing the work of Dutch medical services in Russia


Anon.  Diary of Section VIII, American Ambulance Field Service

            Boston (Privately printed) 1917

The volunteer ambulance drivers of Section 8 worked on the Western Front with the 6th Army Corps of the 12th Division of the 4th Army


Anon.  Diary of the Eleventh: Being a Record of the XIth Canadian Field Ambulance (Western Universities) Feb 1916-May 1919.

N.p., n.d.

A history of a battalion in World War I based on the personal accounts of its members as recorded before their return to Canada in 1919.


Anon.  Die Deutschen Kriegsgaeste der Schweiz. Ein Gedenkblatt an die Hospitalisierung deutscher Kriegs- und Zivilgefangener (The German War guests of Switzerland. A memorial book about the hospitalization of German military and Civilian prisoners)

München, Piper, 1917


Anon.  East Lancashire branch, Red Cross Society.  An Illustrated Account of the Work of the Branch During the Fisrt Year of War

            Manchester, Sherratt & Hughes, 1917

            With numerous illustrations of the various (and varying) facilities, casualty statistics and lists of serving personnel


Anon.  Friends of France.  The Field Service of the American Ambulance described by its members

            Boston & New York, Houghton Mifflin Company 1916

A racy history, profusely illustrated


Anon.  History of Base Hospital 26. December 15th 1917 – May 3rd 1919

            Minneapolis, DC Getchell, 1920

            A lavish book, with many illustrations, about this unit which was raised in Minneapolis and operated at Allerey, Saone et Loire


Anon.  History of the Pennsylvania Hospital Unit (Base Hospital No.10, USA) in the Great War

            New York, Paul B. Hoeber, 1921.

            A limited edition describing the establishment and movements of the hospital, which took over the BEF’s Base Hospital 16 at Le Tréport.  Illustrated by numerous photographs and a charming set of drawings by a British nurse of an American football match.  Usual list of personnel.  Presumably given as a presentation volume; our copy was obviously not appreciated, as it is uncut


Anon.  History of United States Army Base Hospital No. 20 organized at the University of Pennsylvania.

            Philadelphia, EA.Wright, 1920

            A detailed history of the organisation and work of the Hospital, based at Chatel Guyon near Clermont-Ferrand


Anon.  History of US Army Base Hospital 107: 1918-1919

Paris, Fortin Nevers, n.d

A 24 page book which contains a complete unit personnel roster including transfers, Red Cross workers, civilian dietician and the April roster of the assignment of commissioned personnel & administrative enlisted force. This includes US Army serial numbers as well as hometown address.


Anon. Hôpital Auxiliaire 14.  Pour les blessés de la guerre de 1914

n.p., October 1914

The Auxiliary Hospital #14 was in Eure-et-Loire (France)


Anon.  Hospital Auxilaire, Arc en Barrois, Haute Marne, France 1915

Privately Published 1915

Illustrated record of a hospital supported by British funds and run by British staff at Arc en Barrois


Anon.  Les Hospices Civils de Nancy pendant la Guerre

Nancy, Rigot, 1921


Anon. List of Members of the Friends’ Ambulance Unit 1914-1919.

Printed by Straker & Sons [for the FAU] 1919.

Rare roll of nearly 2000 individuals who served with the FAU, being listings for each county & including dates served & with which branch (Ambulance Trains, Hospital Ships, Star & Garter Home &c. - some members served with more than one unit). Includes complete index of names.


Anon.  Livre d'or. Aux médecins morts pour la patrie (1914-1918)

Paris, Syndicat des Editeurs, no date (ca. 1920)


Anon.  L'Union des colonies françaises en France en faveur des victimes de la guerre. son oeuvre, mai 1916 -decembre 1918

(France), Berger-Levrault, 1919

Presentation of the important work of this association, its aim being re-education of people who were mutilated during WW1.


Anon.  Mercy-workers of the War: an interview with the Hon. Arthur Stanley, CB, MP, Chairman of the British Red Cross Society.

            London, Sir Joseph Custom & Sons, 1916.


Anon. No.3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) in France (1915, 1916, 1917). Views illustrating life & scenes in the hospital with a short description of its origin, organisation and progress

            Middlesbrough, England 1918

A scarce booklet including dozens of photographic illustrations. It includes a memorial page to Edward Revere Osler, who served with this unit.


Anon.  Nos Blessés. Les trains sanitaires

Paris, Etudes militaries Delandre (Coll. Les Cahiers de la Guerre #19), n.d. (during WW1)

32pp pamphlet with illustrations


Anon.  Red Cross Hospitals of Norwich and Norfolk.  The official illustrated handbook

            Norwich, Morris Printing Co, 1917

            22 hospitals and one ambulance train are covered by this booklet


Anon.  Report of the Bhavnagar War Hospital, January 1916 to September 1918 (with illustrations)

            Privately printed, n.d

            A detailed report of hospital work, including notes by visitors, diets, diseases treated and operations performed, and at the end a list of “Telegrammed Letters from Soldiers expressing their gratefulness”.  The illustrations are numerous; black &white photographs with added colour in some. Paper and binding have suffered from the prolonged heat


Anon.  Reports by the Joint War Committee and the Joint War Finance Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St John of Jerusalem in England    

London, British Red Cross Society 1921


Anon.  Sanitätsbericht über das Deutsche Heer im Weltkriege 1914-1918

            Berlin, 1934-38

            In 3 volumes: I: Gliederung des Herressanitätswesens; II: Der Sanitätsdienst im Gefechts- und Schlactenverlauf; III: Die Krankenbewegung bei den Deutscher Heer


Anon.  Science et Devouement. Le Service de Santé. La Croix-Rouge. Les oeuvres de solidarité de guerre et d'après-guerre.

            Paris, Aristide Quillet, 1918

Published with collaboration of numerous military doctors, professors, engineers, etc...


Anon.  Scottish Women’s Hospitals.  The call of our allies and the response of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals for foreign service, being record of work accomplished by the Scottish Women’s Hospitals in France and Serbia

            Glasgow, 1915


Anon. Souvenir of London and the 3rd London

            Photo Press, 1921

A specially prepared book of London photographs with a central insert of pictures of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth.  The photographs are of particularly high quality; the ”onion skin”  interleaves bear small drawings of patients and staff and are in our copy signed by members of staff


Anon.  Tales of a Field Ambulance, 1914-1918, told by the Personnel. Printed for private circulation.

            Southend-on-Sea, Borough Printing & Pub., 1935.

History of the 2/4th London Field Ambulance during World War I. Contains information on their training in England, and their service in France, Slavonic and Katherine, and Egypt and Palestine


 Anon (American Red Cross). The American Red Cross during the War: a statement of finances and accomplishments July 1, 1917 to Feb. 28, 1919.

            Washington DC, American Red Cross, 1919.


Anon.  The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the War: An Account of the Voluntary Aid Work carried out in Gloucestershire from October 1914 to March 31 1919.

Red Cross n.d. (1919)

Detailed presentation on the various war hospitals in the county & their work, with some interesting photographs of medical treatment (including X-rays), staff rolls (medical staff, VAD members etc.) & statistics of numbers treated


Anon. The Red Cross in Northumberland & Durham: An Account of the Red Cross Work of the St. John Ambulance Brigade & the British Red Cross Society in the Counties of Northumberland & Durham from August 1st 1914 to December 31st 1915

            Newcastle, Doig Bros, 1916


Anon.  The Red Cross in Shropshire: An Account of Voluntary Aid Work Carried Out in Shropshire from January 1915 to 31st May 1918

            Shrewsbury Chronicle Printing Works. 1918

Detailed presentation on some 38 war hospitals in the county, with photos., staff lists, awards etc., as well as aid organisations


Anon. The story of the 2/1st Wessex Field Ambulance, 1914-1919

King's Denton, 1919


Anon.  The War on Hospital Ships, from the Narratives of Eye-witnesses.

            London, T. Fisher Unwin, 1917.

The Germans conducted unrestricted submarine warfare against Allied hospital ships in World War I. Rare pamphlet


Anon (British Red Cross Society). The work of V,A.D. London 1 during the War

London, Allen &Unwin, 1920


Anon.  U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 4, and U.S. Army Mobile Hospital No. 5.  “Album de la Guerre.”

            Cleveland, Scientific Illus. Studios, 1919.

500 photographs, 70 drawings, & 13 articles by members of base hospital no.4, U.S.A. Published as a limited edition


Anon.  Vor 20 Jahren.  Deutsches Artzttum in Weltkrieg.  Erlebnisse und Berichte. Herausgegeben von der Schriftleitung der Deutschen Medizinischen Wochenschrift

            Leipzig, 1935


Anon.  With the 1st/1st South Midland mounted brigade Field Ambulance 1914-1918

Birmingham, n.d.:

Account of this unit in Egypt, Palestine, Gallipoli and Salonika.


Atkinson A.  2/3rd City of London Field Ambulance.  London soldiers – unarmed comrades

            London, Elsdale & Martin (printers), 1969

            Based on a war diary written by Pte A L Ellis of ‘C’ Section


Austin R, Austin S.  The Body Snatchers - the History of the 3rd Australian Field Ambulance 1914 –1918

McCrae (Australia), Slouch Hat Publications,  1995

Illustrated history covering the raising of the unit in Australia, training in Egypt, service at Anzac and Gallipoli, followed by service on the Western Front to war's end.


Bainbridge WS. United States Naval Medical Bulletin, special number: Report on Medical and Surgical Developments of the War.

            Washington DC, GPO, 1919.

This World War I report covers treatment of war wounds by the Allies, treatment of war wounds by the Germans, developments in war surgery (including anaesthesia, fractures, amputations, and plastic and oral surgery), trench fever, military hospitals and convalescent camps, and functional and vocational re-education for the disabled, among other topics.  The work of the Queen’s Hospital is noted, and one of the plates illustrates a Sidcup soldier


Bale GA.   The Birth and Early Days of our Ambulance Trains in France, August, 1914

            London, Bale, 1922.


Bakewell CM.  The story of the American Red Cross in Italy

            New York, Macmillan, 1920

            Among the personnel listed in Ambulance Section IV is Hemingway, Ernest M


Barker HG.  The Red Cross in France

London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1916


Barker M.  Nightingales in the Mud.  The Digger Sisters of the Great War 1914-1918

            Sydney, Allen & Unwin, 1989

A study of Australian nursing including service in India, the Near East, the Western Front and England, with first hand accounts of nurses and patients


Barrett JW.  A vision of the possible: what the Royal Army Medical Corps might become

            London, HK Lewis, 1919

            Based on his experience in the Middle East, James Barrett’s book is a personal view of what the RAMC should become in peacetime


Barrett PE, Deane JW.  The Australian Army Medical Corps in Egypt; An Illustrated and Detailed Account of the Early Organisation and Work of the Australian Medical Units in Egypt in 1914-1915

London, HK. Lewis, 1918


Bazot M (Ed).  Le Val-de-Grâce. Deux siècles de médecine militaire

(France), Hervas, 1993

            Illustrated history of the Val-de-Grâce Hospital in Paris


Beggs ST (Capt).  Guide to Promotion for non-commissioned Officers and Men of the Royal Army Medical Corps

            London, Gale & Polden, 1915 (4th Ed)

Comprising instructions in drill, equipment, signalling, record keeping and hospital duties


Bell F McK.  The First Canadians in France: The Chronicle of a Military Hospital in the War Zone

            Toronto, McClelland Goodchild & Stewart, 1917

            Novelised account; he Preface states “The pill of fact herein is but thinly coated with the sugar of fiction…”


Bennett-Goldney F (FSA, MP) The Bevan Military Hospital, Sandgate: The First Arrivals of Wounded at Folkestone Pier & The Early Importance & Developments of the Bevan Military Hospital at Sandgate

            Clowes & Sons, 1917

            40 page booklet “Sold only for the benefit of the Hospital”


Berkeley C, Bonney V.  Middlesex Hospital, Clackton-on-Sea. The annals of the Middlesex hospital at Clackton-on-sea during the Great War.1914 – 1919

          W.J. Clark & Co.,  (1921).    

Rare, privately printed war history of a First Clearing Hospital which details the work of the hospital during the war and gives a complete history of all the doctors, nurses and staff


Berry J, Dickinson Berry FM, Blease L.  The Story of a Red Cross Unit in Serbia

            London, J&A Churchill, 1916

The Berry’s unit arrived in Serbia in 1915, equipped for surgical work, but found they had to deal with an epidemic of typhus, which was successfully contained


Bicknell EP. With the Red Cross in Europe, 1917‑1922

            Washington DC, American Red Cross 1938

Covers the entire war on all fronts from the perspective of a former National Director of the American Red Cross


Billington MF.  The Red Cross in war: woman's part in the relief of suffering

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1914


Billington MF.  The roll‑call of serving women.  A Record of Woman's Work for Combatants and Sufferers in the Great War

 London, The Religious Tract Society 1915


Binneveld H (trans O’Kane J).  From Shellshock to Combat Stress.  A Comparative History of Military Psychiatry

            Amsterdam, University Press, 1997

            With considerable reference to WW1 experience, this book covers the development of psychiatry for military personnel, and the ongoing consequences of battlefield psychological injury


Blaessinger E.  Quelques grandes figures de la chirurgie, de la médecine et de la pharmacie militaries

Paris, Librairie Scientifique et Technique Blanchard, 1952

Short biographies of a number of important figures in French military medicine from the 18th to the mid 20th century.  Perhaps the best known from the WW1 era are Edmond Delorme and Jean Vincent


Blair JSG.  Centenary History of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 1898-1998

            Edinburgh, Scottish Academic Press, 1998

Chapters 5-7 cover the RAMC in the Great War


Boardmann MT.  Under the Red Cross flag at home and abroad

            Philadelphia, Lippincott, 1915


Bowser, Thekla, F.J.I.  The Story of British V.A.D. Work in the Great War.

            London: Andrew Melrose, 1917.

A curiously organized but enthusiastic look at the work of VADs both at home and abroad.


Breitner B (ed).Ärtzte und ihre Helfer im Weltkriege 1914-1918 (Doctors and their helpers during the World

War 1914-1918)

            Vienna, Verlag Amon Franz Goeth, 1936

Detailed reports by a number of specialists on various medical and surgical aspects.  Rather chatty!


Brereton FS. The Great War and the RAMC: Mons, the Marne, the Aisne.

London, Constable, 1919

The first & only volume of a proposed 'Popular Medical History of the War,' covers the first two months on the Western Front i.e., Mons, Retreat, Le Cateau, Marne & the Aisne: "In order that his account may be strictly accurate, official documents, diaries, etc., have been placed at Lt.-Col. Brereton's disposal" - from the Preface by the DGAMS. List of medical staff officers with BEF appended


 British Committee sitting at the London Homeopathic Hospital.  The Anglo-French-American Hospital.  An account of the work carried on under homeopathic auspices during 1915-1916 at the Hôpital Militaire Auxiliaire, No 307, Neuilly-sur-Seine, in conjunction with the french Red Cross Society



British Red Cross Society.  The Red Cross in Gloucestershire during the war

            Gloucester, 1919


Bruce HA. Politics and the C.A.M.C.

Toronto, William Briggs, 1919

            The Canadian Army Medical Corps organisation at the start of WW1 left much to be desired.  Bruce, a surgeon and Territorial Colonel, was commissioned to produce a report on its organisation.  This was damning but, after being leaked in Canada, caused such a furore that its author was ostracised, indeed persecuted.  This book is Bruce’s postwar account of the affair


Busse H. Soldaten ohne Waffen. Zur Geschichte des Sanitätswesens.

Berg-am-See, Vorwickel-Verlag, 1990

History of the German military medical services.


Cambassèdès H.  L'ambulance Alpine

(France), E. Le François, n.d.

Cameron K.  History of No 1 General Hospital, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1914-1919

            Sackville NB, The Tribune Press, 1938


Chaix A. Sanglier-Lamarck L.-H..  L'ambulance de la division combinée au cours de la guerre Germano-Austro-Bulgaro-Serbe de 1915
Paris, Fournier, 1916


Chambers RW, Batho EC, Parker BN (eds).  Records of those members of University College London and University College Hospital and Medical School who were killed or who died on service, 1914-1918

            London, Donald Macbeth, 1922 & 1924


Chapin WAR. The Lost Legion: The story of the fifteen hundred American doctors who served with the B.E.F. in the Great War

            Springfield MA, Loring-Axtell Company,. 1926.


Chase HL . The 2/1st London Field Ambulance: an outline of the 4½ years service at home and abroad, 1914‑1918

            London, Morton, Burt, 1924


Chatfield, Josiah C., et al., eds. Iodine and Gasoline: a history of the 117th Sanitary Train.

            Private publication, c.1920.

The 117th Sanitary Train ("Rainbow's Sanitary Train")  evacuated 22,260 patients from the firing line during action in World War I.


Clymer G  (ed.) The history of U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 6 and its part in the American Expeditionary Forces, 1917-1918.

            Boston, Massachusetts General Hospital, 1924.

Includes rosters, chronological outline of orders and events, statistical data of patients cared for by the unit, and a series of special articles by various members of the unit. These articles include articles by the nurses, the chaplain, and the x-ray department, as well as an account of Red Cross work


Colin PPJ.  Quatre mois de campagne en 1914. Etat sanitaire d'un Bataillon

(France), Destout Ainé, n.d.


Collins J.  Dr Brighton’s Indian Patients, December 1914 - January 1916

            Brighton, Brighton Books, 1998

After a hospital ship fire at Southampton a number of buildings in Brighton, including the Pavilion, were fitted out for hospital use


Creswick P, Pond GS, Ashton PH.  Kent's care for the Wounded.

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1915

History of the establishment of Red Cross hospitals in the county


Crofton E.  The Women of Royaumont.  A Scottish Women’s Hospital on the Western Front

            Tuckwell Press, 1997


Croze A, Cigalier D.  Les hospices civils de Lyon de 1900 a 1925. Leur oeuvre pendant la guerre
Lyon, Ed. du Fleuve, 1927


Currie JR.  The mustering of medical service in Scotland 1914-1919.  being a record of the work of the Scottish Medical Service Emergency Committee in the War

            Edinburgh, Printed for the Scottish medical service Emergency Committee by Morrison & Gibb, 1923


D'Abernon HV.  Red Cross and Berlin Embassy, 1915‑1926.

            London, Murray 1946

Viscountess D’Abernon gave anaesthetics at several Red Cross Hospitals.  Her husband was appointed Ambassador to Berlin in 1920


Davison HP.  The American Red Cross in the Great War 

            New York, Macmillan 1919


Delaporte S.  Les Gueules Cassées.  Les blessés de la face de la Grande Guerre

            Paris, Noêsis 1996

An account of the French experience of facial injury.


De Navarro A.  The Scottish Women’s Hospital at the Abbey of Royaumont

            London, George, Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1917


Deranian HM: Miracle Man of the Western Front: Dr. Varaztad H. Kazanjian, Pioneer Plastic Surgeon. 

Worcester (Mass.): Chandler House Press, 2007

            Account of the work of the most important US facial surgeon of WW1, who worked primarily in France. Kazanjian’s archive survives in the Countway Library, Boston


Dillon KJ and others.  Some Reminiscences of S.K.N.C. War Work, 1914-1918; being some account of  the War Experiences of members of the South Kensington Nurses’ Co-operation

            Printed for private circulation, 1919

            The nurses of the Unit are listed; some have provided short accounts of their experience


Dorland J.  L'Hôtel des Invalides de Louis XIV à nos jours : son service de santé, son hôpital, ses pensionnaires

Paris, Perrin & Perrin 1996

Complete history of the military hospital " Les Invalides " in Paris.


Dreux A.  Nos Soldats Aveugles

(France), Association Valentin Haüy pour le bien des aveuglés, 1915

            Text on rehabilitation strategies for war-blinded soldiers, with appendices describing a series of case histories


Drew HTB (ed).  The War Effort of New Zealand.  A Popular History of (a) Minor Campaigns in which New Zealanders took part; (b) Services not fully dealt with in the Campaign Volumes; (c) The Work at the Bases

Auckland, Holcombe and Tombs, 1923

Contains a summary of nursing, hospitals, hospital ships and the Dental Corps


Evrard E, Mathieu J et al.  Asklepios onder de wapens. 500 Jaar militaire  geneeskunde in Belgie

Brussels, Wettenschappelijke vereniging van de Militaire Medische Dienst 1997

The History of Medical Military Services in Belgium since the Middle Ages and including WW1


Favre E.  L’Internement en Suisse des Prisonniers de guerre maladies ou blessés

            Geneva, Georg & Cie, 1917

            A report commissioned by the Swiss Army medical Service


Fenn CR.  Middlesex to wit, being a brief record of the work performed at the

            Auxiliary Military Hospitals in Middlesex during the war, 1914‑1918

            London, St. Catherine, 1919


Fetherstonehaugh RC.  No 3 Canadian General Hospital (McGill) 1914-1919

            Montreal, Gazette Printing Co, 1928


Fife GB.  The passing legions: how the American Red Cross met the American Army in Great Britain, the gateway to France 

            New York, Macmillan, 1920.


Fleming JA.  The last Voyage of HM Hospital Ship ‘Britannic’

            London, Simpkin Marshall, 1917; Chesham, Wordsmith Publications (with additional notes by Simon Mills), 1998

John Fleming was a chaplain aboard this sister ship of the “Titanic”, which was either torpedoed or hit  a mine in the Mediterranean in November 1916


Folgeambe A. The New Zealand hospital ship "Maheno". The first voyage, July, 1915, to January, 1916

Auckland, 1916


Fouché N.  Le mouvement perpétuel: histoire de l'Hôpital américain de Paris des origines à nos jours

Toulouse,  Érès, 1991

History of the American Hospital in Neuilly. Chapter 2 is devoted to WW1.


Fowler Great War (ed).  The history of the First London (City of London) Sanitary Company,  With a record of its activities in the Great War, 1914-1919

            (Printed) Burnetts Ltd, Grimsby, n.d.

            An unusual if not unique record of the work of a Sanitary unit.  One might expect all the work to revolve around digging latrines, but the work included much practical research on cleanliness and the avoidance of cross-infection


Francis AEF.  History of the 2/3rd East Lancashire Field Ambulance.

            Salford, The Manor Press, 1930

Written in humorous vein


Gaines RL.  Helping France: the Red Cross in the devastated area 

            New York: Dutton 1919


Geisinger JF.  History of the U.S. Army Base Hospital No. 45 in the Great War

            Richmond, Levy, 1924


Geller LD.  The American Field Service Archives of World War I, 1914-1917

            New York, Greenwood Press, 1989

An excellent summary of the holdings of the Archives, illustrated with numerous photographs and with a commentary on many of the items in the collection.  The AFS provided the US ambulance service attached largely to the French army until its militarisation by the US Army in September 1917


Georges E.  Histoire de l'hôpital militaire de Nancy

(France), Imprimerie Nationale, 1938


le Goaer C-L.  Role de la Marine dans l’evacuation des blessés et des maladies

France, A Destout, n.d.


Godden L (ed).  History of the Royal Army Dental Corps
Aldershot, RADC, 1971
Although the RADC was not formed until after WW1 this book outlines its origins from the experience of the Boer War onwards


Gordon I.  Lifeline.  A British Casualty Clearing Station on the Western Front, 1918

            Stroud, The History Press, 2013

Account of the workings of a CCS from March 1918 through to 1919, with particular reference to its commanding officer, Col Carmichael


Gordon J & J.  The Luck of Thirteen; through Montenegro and Serbia.  Wanderings and flight through Montenegro and Serbia

London, Smith Elder, 1916

Jan Gordon was Engineer to the Serbian Mission from the Royal Free Hospital led by Mr Berry.  His wife, Jo, an artist, illustrated the book with a number of watercolours.  The book is more a travelogue than anything


Grandmaison G de.  La Croix-Rouge français; la societé de secours aux blessés militaries pendant la guerre

            Paris, Blond et Gay, 1921

            Short history of the organisation and work of the Red Cross in Paris and the provinces, with appendices of those who died in service and those awarded the Légion d’Honneur


Gunn JN, Dutton EE.  Historical Records of No 8 Canadian Field Ambulance, Canada, England, France, Belgium 1915-1919

            Toronto, Ryerson Press, 1920


Haller JS Jr.  Farmcarts to Fords.  A history of the Military Ambulance, 1790-1925

Carbondale and Edwardsville, Southern Illinois University Press, 1992

Part three covers the Great War and covers both sides of the Western Front as well as other theatres


Hamilton PM.  Riders of Destiny. The 4th Australian Light Horse Field Ambulance 1917-1918. An Autobiography and History.

Hawthorn, Victoria, Mostly Unsung Military History, 1985 (2nd ed 1996)

Patrick Hamilton served in Egypt from 1915, joining the newly formed 4th LHFA in February 1917.  The unit served in the Sinai Desert and Palestine


Harrison S. Souvenir of the Leckhampton Court, Cheltenham, V.A. Hospital, 1914 - 1919

Cheltenham, 1919


Hansen A.  Gentlemen Volunteers.  The Story of  the American Ambulance Drivers in the Great War August 1914-September 1918

New York, Arcade Publishing, 1996


Hay I. One hundred years of army nursing: the story of the British army nursing services from the time of Florence  Nightingale

            London, Cassell, 1953.


Haynes HGL.  The Second-Seconds in France: The Story of the 2/2nd City of London Field Ambulance

London, Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co Ltd, 1920

Unit history with list of members appended, illustrated throughout with miniature line drawings


Hayward CE. The Liverpool Merchants’ Hospital in France 1915-1918

            Liverpool, Daily Post Printers, c.1920

            This mobile hospital was established at Deauville and later moved to Etaples, treating over 19,000 patients


Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Sanitätsbericht über das Deutsche Here in Weltering 1914-1918, 3 vols.

Mittler & Sohn, 1934-1938

            The official history of the German medical and sanitary services, as follows:


vol. 1: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Gliederung des Heeressanitätswesens im Weltkriege 1914/1918

Berlin 1935 (Organisational history)


vol. 2: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Der Sanitätsdienst im Gefechts und Schlachtenverlauf im Weltkrieg 1914/1918

Berlin 1938 (The medical service in battle)


vol. 3: Heeres-Sanitätsinspektion ed., Die Krankenbewegung bei dem Deutschen Feld und Besatzungsheer im Weltkriege 1914/1918

Berlin 1934. (The medical transport system of the German army (front and occupied



Helys M.  Cantinière de la Croix-Rouge, 1914-1916

Paris, Perrin, 1917


Hendrie WF, Macleod DAD.  The Bangour Story: a history of Bangour Village and General Hospitals

            Aberdeen University Press, 1991

            Originally built as a lunatic asylum, the hospital was transformed into the Edinburgh War Hospital in 1914, with 3000 beds eventually opened.  Reverting to its original use after the war, it was recommissioned for WW2


High P (ed).  Hospital Barges in France: Correspondence from a nursing Sister with the British Expeditionary Force during World War 1

Perth, Chavril Press, n.d
Brief summary of the barge flotilla, with the letters home of Sister Millicent Peterkin.  She joined her barge in February 1918 but there is no reference to the German attack of March, from which one may perhaps presume that the influence of this was minimal behind the lines


His W.  Die Front der Ärtzte (The Doctors’ Front)

            Velhagen & Klasing, 1931.

Reports of medical service in Galicia and Mesopotamia.  A translated edition (Blech and Kean) was published by National Service Publishing in 1933


Hoare P.  Spike Island.  The memory of a military hospital

            London, Fourth Estate, 2002

            The history of the Royal Victoria Hospital, Netley.  Designed as a military hospital and completed in 1863 the main block was a quarter of a mile long.  It saw much service in WW1, when the facilities were augmented by a series of temporary buildings.  It has now been largely demolished


Howe MA de W (Ed).  The Harvard Volunteers in Europe.  Personal records of experience in military, ambulance and hospital service

            Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1916

A series of contributions from Harvard men, including Harvey Cushing, Varazdad Kazanjian and George Shattuck.  At the end is found a full list of volunteers and where they served


Hume EE.  Victories of Army Medicine. Scientific accomplishments of the Medical Department of the US Army

New York, JB Lippincott, 1943

Includes a substantial section on medical advances in WW1


Hume EE.  The Medical Book of Merit.  United States Army and Navy decorations awarded to medical officers for distinguished service in the World War

            Washington, Association of Military Surgeons, 1925


Humphries EM, Gladwin FF. An unofficial Guide to the racecourse Hospital, Cheltenham

Cheltenham, 1915


Jaccottet G. et al . L'etape Liberatrice. Au Soleil et sur les Monts.  La vie de nos soldats et de nos allies internes en Suisse

Paris, Ed. Francaise illustrée, 1918

This book shows how, during World War One, many sick and wounded French and English soldiers were welcomed in Swiss hospitals and convalescent homes. Two chapters are also translated into English and one chapter is only in English. These chapters mainly concern English soldiers


Jobson A.  Via Ypres: the story of the 39th Divisional Field Ambulance

            London, Westminster City, 1935


Kernodle PB. The Red Cross Nurse In Action, 1882-1948.

            New York, Harper & Brothers, 1949.

            Part 2 covers the Great War


Krippner M.  The Quality of mercy.  Women at War, Serbia 1915-18

            Newton Abbot & London, David & Charles, 1980

Describes the adventure and ordeals of doctors, nurses, orderlies and drivers in the Balkans


Laffin J.  Surgeons in the field

            London, JM Dent & Sons, 1970

            A survey of military medicine from earliest times to WW2.  Chapters 20-22 cover the Great War


Larcan A, Ferrandis J-J.  Le service de santé aux armées pendant la Première Guerre Mondiale

Paris, LBM, 2008


Lauder J R. The story of the War Hospital, Epsom

London, Heinemann, 1920


Lefebvre P (ed) Histoire de la médecine aux armées. 3, De 1914 à nos jours

Paris, Lavauzelle, 1987 (Comité d'histoire du Service de santé )

History of the medical services of the French Army before, during and after WW1.


Leigh D.  The background of battle 

            London, Hodder & Stoughton 1916


Lejars F. Un hôpital militaire à Paris pendant la guerre: Villemin. 1914-1919

Paris, Masson et Cie, 1923


Lejeune R.  Saint-Laurent de Liege. Eglise, abbaye et hopital militaire. Mille and d'histoire Liège

Soledi / Université de Liège, 1968

Contains : Danloy, G. Ģ L'hopital militaire Saint-Laurent de Liège dans les premiers jours de la guerre 1914-1918 ģ (pp 271-277); Hoclemeyer H. L'hopital militaire Saint-Laurent ā Liège vu ā travers l'organisation des Services de santé de l'Armée allemande en 1914-1918  (pp 277-282); Heylen V. L. L'hopital militaire Saint-Laurent de Liège, centre du droit international médical  (pp 331-336) (concerns WW1).


Lidbetter H, Monk-Jones N.  SSA14 1915-1919. An Account of the activities in Northern France of a section of

the Friends’ Ambulance Unit

            Manchester, J. Ellis Benson, 1919

A rather dull day by day account of an ambulance unit


Likeman R.  Men of the Ninth. A History of the Ninth Australian Field Ambulance 1916-1994

Victoria (Australia), Slouch Hat Publications 2003

Traces the history of the 9th Australian Field Ambulance (AIF) from its formation in 1916, through the muddy fields of Flanders, and then during WWII, during the New Guinea Campaign until disbandment in 1944


Lindsay J, Lindsay D.  The Story of the Red Cross

            Australian Red Cross Society, n.d (c.1943)

A pictorial story compiled for children  by Joan and Daryl Lindsay during the Second World War, with a considerable section on the Great War.  The Queen’s Hospital Sidcup is illustrated and a number of Lindsay’s own drawings appear, including one from his “Digger” book.


Linon P.  Officiers d'administration du Service de Santé. Monographie d'un Corps, d'une Association

Paris, EREMM, 1983

Contains a number of biographies of WW1 doctors


Liverpool, Earl of.  New Zealand Hospital Ships “Mahanoy” and “Maraca”

n.d (?private printing)

Four volumes describing the voyages of these ships between 1915 and 1918


Lovegrove P.  Not Least in the Crusade.  A Short History of the RAMC

            Gale and Parden, 1955


Lovejoy EP. Certain Samaritans.

            New York, Macmillan, 1927.

The work of American Women's Hospitals in the Balkans


Lucas BJ.  Children of France and the Red Cross 

            New York, Stokes 1918


Lugard EA.  Some impressions of the work of the British Red Cross in France

            Bombay, 1919


MacPhail A. Official History of the Canadian forces in the Great War, 1914-19: the Medical Services.

            Ottawa, FA Ackland, 1925.


Masson M. A Pictorial History Of Nursing

            London, Hamlyn, 1925.    

Very well compiled pictorial history of nursing with an important chapter on nursing in WW1. The illustrations are a mix of original paintings, photographs and posters.


McGreal S.  The war on hospital ships 1914-1918

            London, Pen & Sword Books, 2009


McKernan M.  Padre - Australian Chaplains In Gallipoli and France

Allen & Unwin Sydney London Boston, 1986.

Much of the content deals with casualty work


McLaren B.  Women of the War

            NY, George H. Doran  1918

Women in World War I; much material on military medicine and on nursing.


McLaren.  History of the Scottish Women’s Hospitals

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1919


McLaughlin R.  The Royal Army Medical Corps

London, Leo Cooper, 1972
One of the "Famous Regiments" series; see also Piggott J.  Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps (1975)


Midwinter C.  Memoirs of the 32nd Field Ambulance, Xth (Irish) Division

            Privately printed, 1933


Ministry of Pensions.  Location of Hospitals and Casualty Clearing Stations, British Expeditionary Force 1914-1919.

            London, 1923

A foolscap bound typescript listing all units: part 1, numbered hospitals in France; part 2, field ambulances; part 3, miscellaneous.


Moisant J H.  L'armée silencieuse. Le personnel du Service de Santé pendant la guerre

Paris, Charles-Lavauzelle, 1917


Moore MM.  The Maple Leaf's Red Cross.  The war story of the Canadian Red Cross Overseas 

            London, Skeffington 1919


Moreau É.  Les hôpitaux de Vendée durant la guerre : l'accueil des blessés et malades en Vendée pendant la Guerre 1914-1918

La Roche-sur-Yon, Amicale philatélique yonnaise, 1996

History of Hospitals in Vendée during the WW1 through a philatelic study.


Morse EW.  The Vanguard of American Volunteers.  In the fighting lines and in humanitarian service, August 1914-April 1917

            New York, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1918

            Part 3 relates to the American Red Cross in Servia [sic], part 4 to American Ambulances in France and Part 5 to relief work in Belgium and northern France


Murray F.  Women as Army Surgeons.  Being the History of the Women’s Hospital Corps in Paris, Wimereux and Endell Street, September 1914 - October 1919

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920


Noyes FW.  Stretcher Bearers… At the Double!

            Toronto, Hunter-Rose Co, 1937

            History of the 5th Canadian Field Ambulance


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 1

            London, HMSO, 1921

Medical services in the United Kingdom; in British garrisons overseas; and during operations against Tsingtau, in Togoland, the Cameroons and South-West Africa


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 2

            London, HMSO, 1922

            Medical services on the Western Front, and during the operations in France and Belgium, 1914-15


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 3

            London, HMSO, 1924

            Medical services during the operations on the Western Front in 1916, 1917 and 1918; In Italy; and in Egypt and Palestine


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; General History, Volume 4. 

            London, HMSO, 1924

Medical services during the operations on the Gallipoli Peninsula; in Macedonia; in Mesopotamia and North West Persia; in East Africa; in the Aden protectorate, and in North Russia.  Ambulance transport during the war


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services. Diseases of the war, Volume 2

            London, HMSO, 1923

            Including the medical aspects of aviation and gas warfare and gas poisoning in tanks and mines


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; Surgery of the War, Volumes1 & 2. 

            London, HMSO, 1922

The second volume contains a chapter on facial injury contributed by Gillies and Mendelson, illustrated with cases from Sidcup.  The chapter has a bias towards the dental aspects with photographs of several splints and prostheses.


The Medical section of the Official History comprises the following: Diseases Of The War (2 Vols), Hygiene Of The War (2 Vols), Surgery Of The War (2 Vols) and Pathology (1 Vol)


Official History of the Great War: Medical Services; Casualties and Medical Statistics

            London, HMSO, 1931 (reprinted Battery Press, 1997)

            Record and analysis of over 11 million casualties.  Statistics for facial injuries are hard to determine, as they are “lost” within a generic group of head, face and neck


Official History of the Australian Army Medical Services in the 1914-1918 War (ed Butler AG et al)

            Sydney, 1921

The 3 volume set was reprinted in 1938, 1940 and 1943.  Volume 1 covers Gallipoli, Palestine and New Guinea; Volume 2 the Western Front.  The Queen’s Hospital is mentioned in Volume 2; a photograph of a Casualty Clearing Station (one of a very small number in the book) shows Fay Maclure (later posted to Sidcup) operating.  Volume 3 contains Newland’s chapter on facial surgery based on his experience at Sidcup, with several pages of illustrations including  diagrams by Daryl Lindsay (many of the originals of which are still filed in the Sidcup notes)


Official History of New Zealand's Effort in the Great War Vol. IV. (ed. Stewart H)

            Whitcomb & Tombs, 1923

            Includes a section on nurses, hospitals, hospital ships and the dental service


Oliver, Beryl. G.B.E. R.R.C.  The British Red Cross in Action.

            London, Faber and Faber, 1966.

Includes chapters on the BRCS's work during WWI including sections on VADs, work abroad, and in Britain.


Ott K, Serlin D, Mihm S (eds).  Artificial Parts, Practical Lives.  Modern histories of Prosthetics

New York & London, New York University Press, 2002

A wide-ranging collection of essays including ”Re-arming the Disabled Veteran: Artificially Rebuilding State and Society in World War One Germany” by Heather Perry


Paget L.  With our Serbian Allies: Second Report

            Privately printed, c.1916

            Report on Lady Paget’s Hospital Unit in Serbia from July 1915 to April 1916


Peed GP.  American Red Cross Military Hospital no. 1,  formerly American Ambulance Hospital of Paris

? publisher, 1918

This annual report of the American Red Cross Military Hospital No.1, of the American Expeditionary Forces in France, covers the period from September 1st 1916 to December 31st 1917.

Illustrated with black and white photos.


Perriaux L.  Le Camp américain de Beaune: 1918 Hôpital de campagne

            Beaune, Centre beaunois d’études historiques, 1980


Peters W. American Memorial Hospital, Reims, France: A  History.

            New York, Privately Printed, 1955.


Piggott J.  Queen Alexandra’s Royal Army Nursing Corps

            London, Leo Cooper, 1975


Pitcher A.  The Cambridge Military Hospital, Aldershot

            Andover, Holmes & Sons (printers) 1996

            Outlines the history of the hospital, which first admitted patients in 1879 and closed in 1996.  Contains a substantial section on the work of Gillies and his colleagues


Plumridge JH.  Hospital Ships and Ambulance Trains. 

            London, Seeley, Service & Co., 1975

Detailed account of the organisation of transport facilities for seriously wounded men.


Pottle FA.  Stretchers.  The Story of a Hospital Unit on the Western Front.

            New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929

History of Evacuation Hospital No 8 from the enlistment of its men in early 1918 through the end of the war. Based initially at Juilly, the hospital was for a time the only advanced unit covering the battles at Belleau Woods and Château-Thierry and Pottle notes that it dealt with 6% of all American casualties of the war.  An excellent account, with a few illustrations.  A medical view is given by one of its surgeons, Arthur Shipley (q.v.). See Mitchell (section 13)


Read J. The Princess Louise Scottish Hospital for limbless sailors and soldiers at Erskine House, Glasgow

Glasgow, James Maclehose & Sons, 1917

Printed as a commemorative book for private circulation and containing numerous photographs of the facilities and workshops.  The hospital was the Scottish equivalent of Queen Mary's Roehampton


Reinach J.  Le Service de Santé pendant la guerre

Paris, Blond et Gay (Pages actuelles 1914-1915), 1915

Riaud X.  Pionniers de la Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale (1914-1918)

            Paris, L’Harmattan, 2010

            Biographical notes on many of the key figures in the development of maxilla-facial surgery.  Sections on France, Germany, the UK and the USA


Rogers A.  While you’re away:  New Zealand nurses at war, 1899-1948

            Auckland, University Press, 2003

            Covers the Great War and, crucially, the immediate aftermath.  Much primary source material is used


Roubaud N, Brehamet RN. Le Colonel Picot et les Gueules Cassées

            Paris, Nouvelles Ed. Latines, 1960

French description of Picot, his military service and injury and the work he did to develop the “self-help” group of facially injured Frenchmen


Samuelson P (ed.).  I owe my Life

            London, Bloomsbury, 1995

A celebration of the 125th anniversary of the British Red Cross, with a substantial section on the Great War


Sawyer JEH (ed).  Birmingham Territorial Units of the Royal Army Medical Corps, 1914-19

            Birmingham, Alday, 1921

            Covers the work of the South Midland Field Ambulances and CCSs, with sections on the Birmingham home detachments including the 1st and 2/1st Southern General Hospitals


Sergent E and E.  L'armée d'Orient Delivrée du Paludisme

Paris, Masson et Cie, 1932

A short book written for non-medical workers (middle grade army officers, engineers etc) based on the experience of the French army around Salonika and in Algeria.  Quirky illustrations abound


Several authors.  Le Corps de Santé Militaire forme par l'école du Val-de-Grâce 1850-1956

(France), Société Amicale des Elčves et Anciens Elčves du Val-de-Grâce et de l'Ecole du Service de Santé Militaire de Lyon, 1957


Seymour JWD (Ed). Memorial Volume of the American Field Service in France, “Friends of France” 1914- 1917.

Boston, American Field Service. 1921.

Portraits & detailed biographies of some 100 AFS volunteers who were killed (including a number of ex-AFS who were killed in regular forces, Lafayette Escadrille, etc.).


Shay M.  A grateful heart: the history of a World War 1 field hospital

            Westport CT, Greenwood Press, 2002

            History of the 103rd Field Hospital, 26th Division, US Army


Shipley AM.  The officers and nurses of Evacuation Eight

            New Haven, Yale University Press, 1929


Smith A.  From Battlefield to Blighty: Frodsham Auxiliary Military Hospital, 1915-1919

            Wirral, Avid Publications, 2001

            Account of the hospital established in Frodsham, Cheshire


Smith F.  A short history of the Royal Army Medical Corps

Aldershot, Gale & Polden, 1929


Smith HZ.  Blessés de guerre

Paris, Gallimard, 1934


Smucker, JR Jr. The History of the United States Army Ambulance Service with the French and Italian armies, 1917, 1918, 1919.

            Allentown, PA U.S. Army Ambulance Service, 1967.

This commemorative history was published by the U.S. Army Ambulance Service Association in celebration of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the USAAS and the founding of Camp Crane in  Allentown, PA


Snell A.E. The C.A.M.C. with the Canadian Corps during the last hundred days of the Great War

Ottawa, F.A. Acland, 1924

Effectively an “Official History” with lists of personnel, their movements, and a series of folding maps


Stephen GN.  Boulogne as a military medical base and the medical work of the Italian Expeditionary Force

            London, Royal United Services Institute, 1919


Stubbings L. "Look what you started Henry!" A History of the Australian Red Cross 1914-1991

Melbourne, Australian Red Cross Society 1992


Summers, Anne. Angels and Citizens: British Women as Military Nurses 1854-1914. 

            London: Routledge, 1988.

The definitive history of British military nursing from before Nightingale through the establishment of the QAIMNS and the VADs.


Swann JC (Maj-Gen). The citizen soldiers of Buckinghamshire. 1795 - 1926. Compiled with the kind assistance of many of the officers of the corps concerned

Hazell, Watson & Vineyfor the Buckinghamshire Territorial Army Association,1930

Record of the Royal Bucks Hussars in Gallipoli, Egypt and Palestine; of the 23nd South Midland Mounted Brigade Field Ambulance again in Gallipoli and  Egypt; of the Ist Bucks Battalion  on the Somme in 1916 and in Italy in 1917 & 1918.



Tatham M, Miles JE.  The Friends' Ambulance Unit 1914-1919. 

            London, The Swarthmore Press Ltd, 1919

The Society of Friends were involved with the operation of field ambulances and of several ambulance trains.


Taylor E.  Wartime Nurse: one hundred years from the Crimea to Korea 1854-1954

London, Robert Hale, 2001

A “popular” account of military nursing; somewhat repetitive but well researched, with a substantial section on the Great War


Troussaint, Médecin-inspecteur.    La Direction du Service de Santé en campagne. Notions generales, d'ordre militaire, administratif, technique, nécessaires à tous les directeurs et chefs de service dans les principales situations de guerre depuis la mobilisation jusqu'à la bataille

Paris - Limoges, Lavauzelle, 1917

            Instruction book for the medical service, describing organisation down to the last detail, including the contents of the equipment cases.  The contents of Case 3 (cooking utensils) include a 2-litre cafetière, coffee grinder and corkscrew


Troussaint, Médecin-inspecteur.  Une page de l'histoire du service de santé militaire. Sa préparation à la guerre et l'oeuvre de la 7ème Direction pendant la première année de guerre.

            Paris, Charles-Lavauzelle, 1919


Tyquin MB. Gallipoli : The Medical War : The Australian Army Medical Services in the Dardanelles Campaign of 1915 (Modern History, Vol 16)



Vallotton B.  Soldats Aveugles en France.

            Lausanne, Librairie F. Rouge et Cie, 1916

A booklet produced by the Fond Suisse Romand, established to assist blind soldiers in France, containing articles, reports, letters and a list of donors to the Fund


Vandercook M.  The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches

            J.C. Winston, 1916


Varenne L.  Organisation et fonctionnement du service pharmaceutique de l'armée (Organisation and functions of the army pharmaceutical service)

Paris & Nancy, Berger-Levrault, 1915


Van Schaik J.  The little corner never conquered: the story of the American Red Cross war work for Belgium 

            New York, Macmillan 1922


Vivian EC, Hodder-Williams JE.  The way of the Red Cross 

            London, Hodder & Stoughton 1915 


Volpi J-C.  Menton-Roquebrune : 1914-1918 / [cartes postales réunies et présentées par] Jean- Roquebrune-Cap-Martin

Impr. Ariano 1984

A history of Menton during WW1, based on a substantial collection of postcards.  There is a large section on hospitals, many converted from hotels


Westmore AW, Thomson M, Allison JE.  The Story of the 63rd Field Ambulance (2/2 West Lancashire Field Ambulance T.F) 1914-1919

            Liverpool, Wood & Sloane Ltd, Printers, for the 63rd Fd. Amb. Association, n.d., c.1927


Whalen RW.  Bitter Wounds.  German victims of the Great War, 1914-1939

            Ithaca & London, Cornell University Press, 1984

            An account of the experience of German “war victims” (which includes disabled veterans, widows and orphans) and the rehabilitation and pension arrangements of postwar Germany.  Drawn from a range of sources from official documents to works of fiction, it is sparingly but graphically illustrated and superbly referenced


Williams RR.  Breuddwyd Cymro mewn Dillad Benthyg.  Hanes y Cwmni Cymreig I’r Corfflu Meddygol a ymunodd yn y Rhyfel Gyntaf 1914-1918 (Dream of a Welshman in borrowed clothes.
The story of the Welsh Company of the Medical Corps who joined in First War 1914-1918) [thanks to Mrs R Gallacher for translation]

            Lerpwl, Gwasg y Brython (Liverpool, Brython Press), 1964

            Written in Welsh, this is as impenetrable to me as our Russian book on shellshock!


Wood FJ. The 1st Home Counties Field Ambulance and the Great War, 1914-1919.

Maidstone, ‘Kent Messenger’, 1923




5.  Medical or nursing textbooks; texts on management & rehabilitation of disability



Adam C (ed).  Seuchenbekämpfung im Kriege. (The fight against epidemic diseases in War)

            Jena, 1915

With, among others, a contribution by A. von Wasserman.


Adam C (ed).  Die Behandlung von Kriegsverletzungen und Kriegskrankheiten in den Heimatslazaretten (Management of war injuries and illnesses in home hospitals)

            Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1915

            In 2 volumes with 30 articles


Allbee FH.  Bone graft surgery

            Philadelphia & London, WB Saunders, 1915 (repr 1917)

            Definitive text by one of the pioneers of bone grafts who wrote of his experiences at Neuilly (q.v.)


Allers R.  Über Schädelschüsse. Probleme der Klinik und Fürsorge  (Bullet wounds of the skull. Clinical care and problems)

Berlin, J. Springer, 1916


Alport AC.  Malaria and its treatment in the line and at base

            Baltimore, Wood, 1919


Alquier P, Tanton J.  L’Appareillage dans les fractures de guerre

            Paris, Masson et Cie, 1918


Amar J (trans Miall B).  The physiology of industrial organisations and the re-employment of the disabled

London, Library Press, 1918


Anderson HG.  The Medical and Surgical Aspects of Aviation

            London, Oxford University Press, 1919

Including sections on physiology and neurosis


Anon.  Abstracts, Translations and Reviews of Recent Literature on the Subject of the Reconstruction and Reeducation of the Disabled Soldier

            Washington, War Department, Office of the Surgeon-General, 1918

            This is the second Bulletin (the first entitled Recent “Reviews, Correspondence and Reports regarding the Surgical Care and Vocational Rehabilitation of the Maimed Soldier”.  Typescript with photographs, Bulletin 2 includes a review of Martinier and Lemerle’s book on face and jaw injuries, written by Vilray Blair.  There is also a review of the work of St Dunstan’s (or Pearson’s Hostels, as the service was then known)


Anon.  Army.  Report of the War Office Committee of Enquiry into “Shell-shock”

            London, HMSO, 1922

            The official report on shell shock, containing many witness statements by eminent clinicians including the neurologists Gordon Holmes and Roussy, , Rivers and Dunn of the Royal Welch (q.v.); also Viscount Gort (Grenadier Guards)  and Col Fuller of the Tank Corps


Anon.  Besluit van den 25sten maart 1918, houdende vaststelling van een reglement op het geneeskundig onderzoek omtrent de geschiktheid voor den krijgsdienst (Decree from March 25 1918, establishing the rules of medical inspection with regard to suitability for military service)

Brussels, 1918


Anon.  British medicine in the war.  Being essays on problems of medicine, surgery and pathology

            London, B.M.A., 1917

A collection of articles which originally appeared in the British Medical Journal from April to October 1917. Contains articles on bacteriology, trench fever, hospital ships, surgery (including anaesthetics, antiseptics, shock, infections, wounds, fractures), gas gangrene, orthopaedic hospitals, artificial limbs, gunshot wounds, and British medical women, among other topics


Anon (Croix-Rouge francaise).  Bulletin et assemblée generale de la Societé française de Secours aux Blessés Militaires

Paris, 1920


Anon.  Field Service Manual 1913 (Reprint – Includes 1914 War Establishments); Army Medical Service. (Expeditionary Force)

            Melbourne, Albert Mullett, Government Printer, 1914

            Manual for the Australian Army Medical Service, listing establishments for regiments and hospitals, field kits, cart and wagon equipment and loads


Anon.  First Aid in the Royal Navy (Military Manual series)

            London, HMSO, 1914

            Standard naval manual at the beginning of the war.  It covers some odd topics, including snake and dog bites (presumably acquired while on shore leave)


Anon.  Handy Book for the Hospital Corps, US Navy

Washington, Government printing Office, 1917

Produced by the US Bureau of Medicine & Surgery


Anon.  Home Service and the disabled soldier or sailor

Washington, American Red Cross, 1918

American Red Cross Circular No 210


Anon.  Instruction medicale pour les capitaines des batiments de la marine Nationale depourvus de médecins et munis des coffres a medicaments no 2 Ou 3. 15 octobre 1909.

Paris, Imprimerie nationale, 1918

This directive operated throughout WW1


Anon.  Lexique medico-militaire Franco-Allemand de l’urodonal

Paris, Chatelain, n.d (c.1918)


Anon.  Manual of Splints and Appliances for the treatment of Bone and Joint Injuries (as supplied to the United States Army by the American Red Cross)

            London, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton for the British Red Cross Society, 1917

A field pocket Manual, underlining the importance of the development of the Thomas splint, illustrating a number of different splints in diagrammatic form, and with blank pages for users’ notes.  An attached cloth tie holds the book closed


Anon  (Croix-Rouge de Belgique).  Manuel de l'ambulancière infirmière. Cours d'études 1915-1916

(Belgium), Lesigne, 1916
Contains a series of “lessons” on general and specific topics, each followed by a set of questions.  Our copy is No 113 of 250 numbered volumes and was presented to Mme Berthe Levoz


Anon (Croix Rouge française / Union des femmes de France).  Manuel de l’Infirmière Hospitalière

            Paris, Masson et Cie, 1914

            General nursing manual originally produced prior to the war


Anon.  Memoranda on Some Medical Diseases in the Mediterranean War Area, with some Sanitary Notes: 1916

            London, HMSO, (reprinted with amendments 1917)

            A slim pocket reference book.  There are some illustrations of infectious agents etc but a notable inclusion is a series of fever charts, underlining the clinical bias of diagnosis at the time


Anon.  Memoranda on Medical Diseases in the Tropical and Sub-tropical War Areas: 1919

            London, HMSO, 1919

            An illustrated handbook covering a wide range of tropical infections and parasitic infestations.  Curiously our copy comes from the library of the Patent Office, although it is unclear why they should have wanted it!


Anon.  Nomenclature Nosologique Generale

            Paris, Sous-Secrétariat d'Etat du Service de Santé militaire, 1917


Anon.  Notes for Sanitary officers.  British Expeditionary Force in France

            London, H.M.S.O., 1917.


Anon.  Principles of War Surgery.  Based on the conclusions adopted at the various interallied surgical conferences

            Washington, Government Printing Office, 1918

            Small pocket book summarising “best practice” surgical management; facial injury did not figure in the conferences, which were held at the Val-de-Grâce Hospital, Paris, between 1916 and 1918 at the suggestion of Lloyd George.  He was aware that within the British army there were conflicts of opinion especially between surgeons and bacteriologists, and considered that an international meeting could reach consensus on good practice


Anon.  Service de Santé Militaire.  Formulaire pharmaceutique des hôpitaux militaires

Paris, Lavauzelle, 1918


Anon. Reports upon Openings in Industry Suitable For Disabled Sailors & Soldiers.

HMSO for the Ministry of Labour, 1917

26 Reports prepared on behalf of the Ministry of Labour in 1917, each Report c.6-18pp. By early 1917 the Ministry of Labour was addressing the problem of finding suitable employment for returning servicemen with various kinds of physical and/or mental impairment, ranging from amputations of arms & legs or fingers &c., to those emerging from their service experience with loss of vision or hearing, a nervous disposition, or suffering from the effects of gas &c. that would suffer more under certain conditions & benefit from others, e.g., outdoor work. Each of the 24 reports offered here examines a particular trade or industry, making recommendations on the types of openings available for men with war disabilities. They range from Attendants at Electricity Sub-Stations to Employment in Picture Theatres, Agricultural Motor Tractor Work, Leather Goods Trade, Boot & Shoe Repairing, Jewellery & Dental Mechanics to Aircraft Manufacture, Engineering, Printing & various other industries. Each Report contains recommendations on the suitability of certain types of work within the industry concerned for various types of disability, with advice & comments of training, prospects &c. A sad but necessary concomitant to the awfully large scale of suffering resulting from war service


Anon.  Royaume des Pays-Bas.  Ministère de la Défense Nationale (Direction du Service de Santé) Sixième Congrés International de Medecine et de Pharmacie militaire

Paris, Ministere de la Defense nationale, 1931

Volume 1 (official reports) includes papers on psychoneuroses, haemostasis on the battlefield, preservation of drug ampoules and the consequences of battle injury to the teeth and lower jaw.  The conference was held at La Haye from 15-20th June 1931


Anon.  The National Tribute to our Permanently Disabled Soldiers and Sailors:  the Past, Present and Future of the Lord Roberts Memorial Workshops for Disabled Soldiers and Sailors

            Designed and carried out at the Memorial Workshops, n.d, 1918

            The scheme started after the Boer War but was significantly expanded during WW1, with premises engaged in various activities such as toymaking and printing


Anon.  Vor zwanzig Jahren.  Vol 1: Deutsche Arztrater im Weltkrieg. Erlebnisse und Berichte Und neue Folge Vol 2: Von den Dardanellen zum Sues. Mit Marineärzten im Weltkrieg durch die Türkei ( Twenty years ago.  Vol 1: German medicine in the World War. Real-life experiences and accounts with new additions. Vol 2: From Dardanelles to Suez, with Navy doctors in the World War in Turkey)

N.P., Leipzig, 1935


Ash EL.  Nerve in wartime, causes and cure of nervous breakdown

            London, Mills & Boon, 1915


Ashburn PM.  The Elements of Military Hygiene

            Boston & New York, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1909

Standard reference work used by the AEF during WW1


Bainbridge WS.  Report on medical and surgical developments of the war

            Washing­ton DC, Naval Medical Bulletin, 1919


Bainbridge WS.  Report on Third International Congress of Military Medicine and Pharmacy, Paris, 1925

            Washington DC, 1926

            This report covers a number of organisational and medical issues based on great war experience.  Reprinted from a series of articles in the “Military Surgeon”, it records the third congress (the first was in Brussels in 1921, the second in Rome in 1923).Published in French by Tancrède (1925)


Bainbridge, WS.   Report on Fourth International Congress of military medicine and pharmacy. Warsaw, Poland, May-June 1927

Menasha (Wisconsin), George Banta Publishing Co, no date (1927 or 1928)

Four main subjects were reported upon at the Congress: Evacuation in moving warfare (pp 23-72); Etiology and prophylaxis of influenza (including a communication by Colonel Edgar E. Hume, US Army: "Influenza in the American Army during the World War") (pp 72-124); Sequelae of traumatisms of the skull and their treatment (pp 124-207); The arsenobenzols: methods of analysis and chemical determination (pp 207-231).


Baird  HHC.  A Government Committee of Enquiry and The Light Metal Artificial Leg

            Privately published, 1923


Barham P.  Forgotten Lunatics of the Great War

            New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 2004

            Not strictly a medical text, but an account of the “People’s Lunatics”, psychiatric casualties of the war who were confined to asylums


Beatson GT.  How the Wounded-Disabled Soldier is Treated Surgically at Scotland’s Orthopaedic Centres

            Glasgow, British Red Cross Society (Scottish Branch), 1917

Based on the methods employed in the Bellahouston Hospital


Bernard A. Hygiène aux armées, cantonnements et tranchées

Paris, Jouve et Cie, 1916


Bielschowsky A.  Blindenwesen und Kriegsblinden-Fürsorge. Ein Vortrag (Care of blind war wounded. A report)

Berlin, 1916


Binneveld JMW.  From shell shock to combat stress: A comparative history of military psychiatry (Trans. J O'Kane)

Amsterdam : Amsterdam University Press, 1997


Blair VP.  Surgery and diseases of the Mouth and Jaws

St Louis, Mosby; London, Henry Kimpton 1918 (3rd ed., revised so as to incorporate the latest war data concerning gunshot injuries of the face and jaws etc)

1st edition published in 1912; the revisions for the 3rd edition were based on Blair’s experiences in France and for the 4th, published after the war, additionally from his experience on attachment at the Queen’s Hospital, Sidcup


Bleker J, Schmiedemach H-P.  Medizin und Krieg Vom Dilemma der Heilberufe 1865-1985 (Medicine and War: The dilemma of the Caring Professions 1865-1985)

            Fischer Verlag, 1987

A chapter relates to ethical and ideological problems of the Great War


Bowlby AA.  The Hunterian Oration on British Military Surgery in the time of Hunter and in the Great War.

            London, Adlard & Son and West Newman, 1919


Braun J. 20 Jahre Westdeutsche Kriegshirn-Verletztenfuersorge (20 years of treating West Germany’s brain injuries of the War)

Köln, 1935


Broca A.  Chirurgie de guerre et d'après-guerre

France, 1921


Brown MW.  Neuropsychiatry and the war. A Bibliography with Abstracts

            New York, Nat. Comm. for Mental Hygiene. 1918


Bruhn C.  Die gegenwärtigen Behandlungswege der Kieferschussverletzungen.  Ergebnisse aus dem Düsseldorfer Lazarett für Kieferverletzte (Kgl Reservelazarett). (Management of gunshot injuries of the jaw, based on the experience of the Jaw hospital in Düsseldorf)

            Wiesbaden, Verlag von JF Bergmann, 1915-1917

            Produced in 10 parts, the first section is almost certainly the inspiration for Harold Gillies’s interest in facial surgery.  Pound (q.v.) refers to Gillies having come across the work of Lindemann; he was a major contributor to this book along with Hauptmeyer and Kühl.  Fully illustrated, it includes a series of stereo X-ray images


Call AP.  Nerves and the war

            Boston, Little, Brown, 1918

            A description for the lay person of “nerve” as much as of “nerves”


Camus  J.  Physical and occupational re‑education of the maimed

            London, Baillière, Tindall, 1918

Originally published as “Réeducation fonctionnelle et réeducation professionnelle des blessés

(Paris, Baillière, 1917)


Carberry AD.  The New Zealand Medical Service in the Great War

            Auckland, Whitcombe & Tombs, 1924 (reprinted Naval & Military Press, 2002)

            Notes that the NZ section at the Queen's Hospital Sidcup opened in 1918, having been transferred from Walton-on-Thames


Carrel A, Dehelly G.  The Treatment of Infected Wounds

            New York, Hoeber, 1917. 

A description of the Carrel-Dakin method using antiseptic solutions. Also published by the University of London Press in the “Military Medical Manuals” series


Castiaux A, Temmerman F.  Guide de l'Invalide. Encyclopedie des questions interessant les mutilés, invalides de guerre et anciens combattants belges

Brussels, Guide de l'Invalide, n.d. (1930)

History of F.N.I. (Federation Nationale de Militaires Mutiles et Invalides de Guerre).  Volume 1 is titled “F.N.I. et Oeuvres”; Volume 2 is titled “Codification et commentaries”. A detailed survey of all the measures taken by Belgian State and F.N.I. for War disabled veterans, in extraordinary detail


Christine R.  La Première guerre mondiale: conséquences pathologiques pour les combattants français du Front occidental

Paris, Barré & Dayez, 1997

Sanitary affairs in the French Army on the West Front during the WW1.


Church JR.  The doctor's part: what happens to the wounded in war

            New York, Appleton, 1918

James Church had served in the US Army Medical Corps in the war with Spain and was a military observer on the Western Front from 1915-1917.  This book summarises the organisation of French medical services from the front to the base hospitals and includes an account of being under fire in the front line.


Clifford WG.  The ex‑soldier, by Himself

            London, A&C Black, 1916


Cohen S.  Medical Services in the First World War

            Oxford, Shire Publications, 2014

Useful and concise overview of the organisation of services from front line to base


Collie J.  The management of neurasthenia and allied disorders contracted in the Army

            London, Bale & Danielsson 1917


Craig C.  The Wasserman test

            St Louis, C.V. Mosby Company, 1918

            Although a general text, the author was an army surgeon


Crile GW.  Notes on Military Surgery

            Cleveland, the William feather Company, 1924

            Based on notes compiled in 1917, this volume by George Crile is no more than a series of notes – produced in a limited run (the pages are hand-cut)


Cummins SL.  Studies of influenza in hospitals of the British Armies in France, 1918

            London, Medical Research Committee, 1919


Cushing H (ed).  War Surgery of the Nervous System

            Washington, GPO, 1917

            A compilation of articles including work by Charles Elsberg and Sir Gordon Holmes.  A later edition (1919) was renamed “Manual of War Neurosurgery”


Curie M.  La Radiologie et La Guerre

Paris, Librairie Félix Alcan, 1921

Illustrated textbook of wartime radiology by Marie Curie


Dakin HD, Dunham K.  A Handbook on Antiseptics

            New York, Macmillan, 1917.

            A tiny pocket book; curiously the cover entitles it “Handbook of Antiseptics”


Davenport CB, Love AG.  Army anthropology

            Washington DC, Dept. of Army, 1921


Dearborn FM (ed).  American homeopathy in the World War

            New York, Globe, 1923


Delorme E.  chirurgie de guerre: les fractures (War surgery: Fractures)

Paris, 1917

Delorme E (trans H de Méric).  War Surgery.

            London, HK Lewis, 1915


Deus P.  Kompendium der Kriegschirurgie (Compendium of war surgery)

Bern, Ernst Bircher, 1923

By a Swiss military surgeon, the book is derived from experience on the Eastern front, Austria and Italy


Devin G (ed).  Die Deutschen Militaerapotheker im Weltkriege. Ihre Tätigkeit und Erfahrungen (The German military pharmacist during World War. Their actions and experiences)

Berlin, J. Springer, 1920


Dix KW.  Psychologische Beobachtungen über die Eindrücke des Krieges auf Einzelne wie auf die Masse (Psychological observations on the consequences of the War on single persona and on the masses)

Langensalza, 1915


Dienemann F.  Briefe Eines Arztes über Ernährung an Einen Laien (Letters from a doctor to a layman about nutrition)

Jence, Fischer, 1918

This book deals particularly with nutrition in war.


Dolamore WH.   The Treatment in Germany of Gunshot Injuries of the Face and Jaws

            London, British Dental Association, 1916. 

Translated and abstracted from the German literature.


Dudgeon LS.  Studies of bacillary dysentery occurring in the British Forces in Macedonia

            London, Medical Research Committee, 1919


Dumas J, Carrel A (tr. AVS Lambert).  Technic of the Carrel method

            New York, Paul E Hoeber, 1917

            Written primarily for nurses, this is a summary version of Alexis Carrel’s book (written with Delhelly) “Treatment of infected wounds” (q.v.).  It is however written by Carrel’s wife, Anne


Eder MD.  War shock: the psycho‑neuroses in war

            London, Heinemann, 1917


Eliot Smith G, Pear TH.  Shell shock and its lessons.

            Manchester, University Press; London, Longmans, Green & Co, 1917

The first published account of shellshock.


Fairley H, Stewart CA.  Cerebro-spinal fever (Service  Publication No 9)

            Melbourne, 1916


Fauntleroy AM. Report on the medico-military aspects of the European war, from observations taken behind the allied armies in France.

            Washington DC, GPO, 1915.

Contains chapters on military organization and equipment, the organization for the transportation and care of the sick and wounded, base hospital work, and general field conditions. One of the appendices discusses the French army ration.


Feiler E.  Der Zahnarzt im Felde (The Dentist on the Battlefield)

            Berlin, 1916


Fenton N.  Shell shock and its aftermath

            St. Louis, Mosby, 1926

            A scientific study of American “War Neurotics”.  Fenton was attached to Base Hospital 117, AEF, and was Professor of Psychology at Ohio University.  Many references in text


Fischer G.  Die erste zahnärztliche Hilfe im Felde; ein zahnärztliches Vademecum für Aerzte. (Primary dental care on the battlefield: a dentist’s vade-mecum for doctors)

Berlin, Meusser, 1915

Guido Fischer worked at the Marburg Dental Institute and Kriegslazarett 123, attached to the 4th Army


Fitzwilliams DCL.  A nursing manual for nurses and nursing orderlies

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1915


Ford JH.  Details of Military Medical Administration

            Philadelphia, P. Blakiston’s Son & Co., 1917

            Comprehensive manual of instruction for managing a medical service, including chapters on ambulances, hospitals and hospital ships, sanitation, evacuation procedures and depots


Foster M, Gaskell JF.  Cerebro-spinal Fever

            Cambridge, University Press, 1916

            Based on the experience of the 1915 epidemic in Eastern Command & cases treated at the 1st Eastern General Hospital.  Includes several colour plates of pathology


Fox RF.  Physical Remedies for Disabled Soldiers

            London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1917


de Friedberg E.  Guide Pratique du Secouriste français – Infirmier volontaire

            Paris, Société des Secouristes français – Infirmiers volontaires, 1914

            A small manual of stretcher, bandaging & splinting


Freud S. et al.   Zur Psychoanalyse der Kriegsneurosen. (The Psychoanalysis of War Neurosis).  Diskussion gehalten auf dem V. Internationalen Psychoanalytischen Kongress in Budapest, 28 und 29 September. 1918.

            Leipzig/Wien, 1919


Fuchs D. Praktische Hygiene und Bekämpfung der Infektionskrankheiten im Felde

            (Practical hygiene and the fight against infectious diseases on the battlefield)

            Wien, 1918


Garton W.  Electro-Therapeutics for Military Hospitals

            London, HK Lewis & Co, 1917

            A slim volume detailing the potential benefits of galvanic and faradic stimulation and ionisation; the author recommends that such treatments should be supervised by a radiology department


Giercke, H. W.  Der Kriegsverletzungen des Herzens (Heart lesions in wartime)

Jena, Verlag von Gustav Fischer, 1920


Gilchrist HL. A comparative study of world war casualties from gas and other weapons.

            Washington DC, GPO, 1928.


Gillies H.D. Plastic Surgery of the Face

            London, Henry Frowde, Hodder & Stoughton, 1920

The first modern textbook of plastic surgery, with a chapter contributed by Wade on the development of anaesthesia. Profusely illustrated with photographs and diagrams, many of the originals of which are at Queen Mary’s Sidcup in the Archives


Gillies Sir H., Millard DR.  The Principles and Art of Plastic Surgery

            London, Butterworth; New York, Little, Brown and Co, 1957

A “coffee table” book with a curiously whimsical approach, describing Gillies’s surgical work from 1916.  Although full of technical points, it remains readable (and interesting) to the layman, not least because of its style. The anaesthetic section is contributed by Ivan Magill, who with Stanley Rowbotham was responsible at Sidcup for the development of endotracheal anaesthesia


Gilman S.  Making the Body Beautiful.  A cultural history of aesthetic surgery

            Princeton & Oxford, Princeton University Press, 1999

            A thorough examination of the development of “aesthetic” surgery, placing the reconstructive work of WW1 in perspective.  The experience of Gillies, Morestin and Joseph is outlined


Golen H de.  Scandales medicaux pendant la guerre

Paris, Maurice d’Hartoy, 1933


Gordon MH.  Cerebrospinal fever: Studies in the bacteriology, preventive control, and specific treatment of... among the military forces, 1915‑19

            London, Medical Research Committee, 1920


Gordon-Taylor G.  The Abdominal Injuries of Warfare

            Bristol & London, Simpkin Marshall, 1939

Based on WW1 experience in Casualty Clearing Stations


Gray HMW.  The Early Treatment of War Wounds

            London, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton, 1919

Colonel Gray served in France for three and a half years.  His book covers treatment at Advance Dressing Stations  and Casualty Clearing Stations; largely about general principles, there are chapters on the management of brain and spinal cord injuries, and compound femoral fracture


Guichard E-L-J.  Le paludisme à bord des navires de guerre Kleber et Dupleix (Malaria on the warships Kleber and Dupleix)

Bordeaux, Faculté de médecine, 1919

The author was doctor (physician) during 16 months on these armoured cruisers in 1916-1917. Kleber was lost during the war; Jane’s Fighting Ships does not indicate the date.  There was a third ship in the class, Deseix.  Each had a crew of 520


Guillain G, Barré JA. Travaux Neurologiques de Guerre

France, 1920


Guy’s Hospital Reports: Vol LXX (War Memorial Number)

            London, J&A Churchill, 1922

The last of an annual series of volumes which began in 1836, the “Reports” were replaced by a quarterly publication.  This volume contains portraits and brief obituaries of Guy’s men and women who died in the Great War, a records of honours and medals (including one VC, to Capt H. Ackroyd RAMC) and a series of articles by Guy’s men of different aspects of medicine and surgery.  These include an excellent summary of the developing role of Casualty Clearing Stations, an illustrated chapter on war neuroses and a chapter on dentistry and dental surgery


Haldane ES.  The British nurse in peace and war

            London, Murray, 1923


Hanes EL.  Minds and nerves of soldiers

            Altadena, Cal, Hanes, 1941


Harper G.  Vocational re-education for war cripples in France

New York, Red Cross 1918

Grace Harper was head of the Bureau for Re-education of Mutilés in Paris


Hastings S.  First aid for the trenches: Simple instructions for saving life

            London, Murray, 1916  (New York, George U Harvey, 1917)


Harris G.  The Redemption of the disabled; a study of programmes of rehabilitation for the disabled of war and industry

New York and London, Appleton, 1918

From the series “Problems of  war and of reconstruction” (ed Francis Wickware).  It covers worldwide experience in the first 12 chapters


Hatt CW.  The future of the disabled soldier

            London, Bale, 1917


Herber C.  Die Frakturen der Kiefer. Mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegschirurgie und mit Einschluß der technischen Methodik (Jaw fractures: with particular reference to war surgery, and with attention to surgical technique)

Berlin, Berlinische Verlagsanstalt., 1915.


Herbert AS.  Military Physical Orthopaedics. Part I. Gunshot Wound of Nerves

Wellington, Marcus F Marks, 1918

Arthur Herbert was in charge of the NZ Government Baths and Sanatorium at Rotorua, which was taken over for military use and concentrated on the physical rehabilitation of post-operative patients.  It is illustrated with photographs of a number of splints and other devices – one of which is a pair of thick handles for cutlery fashioned from dried corn cobs


Hezel O.et al.  Die Kriegsbeschädigungen des Nervensystems. (Damage to the Nervous System on the Battlefield)

            Wiesbaden, 1917


Hirschfeld M. The sexual history of the World war, from reports collected by the Institute for Sexual Science.

            New York, Falstaff Press, 1937.

            Originally released as Sittengeschichte des Ersten Weltkrieges, (Hanau, Müller & Kiepenheuer, 1929)


His W, Weintraud W (ed.)  Verhandlungen der ausserordentlichen Tagung des DT. Kongresses für innere Medizin in Warschau 1-2 mai 1916.  Kriegsseuchen und Kriegskrankheiten. (Debates from the extraordinary convention of the DT Congress for internal medicine in Warsaw, 1-2 May 1916: infections and medical conditions)

Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1916

Contains contributions by Hoffmann (Schutz des Heeres gegen Cholera - Protection of the army against cholera), Wenckebach (Ueber Herzerkrankungen bei Kriegsteilnehmen – Heart conditions in War participants), Brauer (Über das Fleckfieber - On the spotted fever), Juergens (Epidemiologia des Fleckfiebers - Epidemiology of spotted fever), Krehl (Der Abdominaltyphus im Kriegs -  Abdominal typhus in the war), Huenermann (Über typhusschutzimpfung – Typhus vaccination), Stintzing (Paratyphus), Matthes und Kruse (Über die Ruhr - Dysentery), Hirsch (Nierenentzuendung im Felde - Nephritis in the field)


Hogge JM, Garside TH.  War Pensions and Allowances

            London, New York & Toronto, Hodder and Stoughton, 1918

            Comprehensive description of pensions, with a list of wartime committees and paymasters


Hough R.  Sister Agnes: The History of King Edward VIII’s Hospital for Officers1899-1999

            London, John Murray, 1998

            Covers the interesting wartime work of this unique private hospital


Howson G.  Handbook for the limbless. 

            London, Disabled Soc, 1922


Hughes B, Banks HS.  War Surgery.  From Firing Line to Base

            London, Baillière, Tindall & Cox, 1918

Notable for a series of colour plates, very badly drawn, but showing a number of soldier patients with happy smiles— and cigarettes.  Despite this, it is the definitive manual on major battlefield surgery, with useful sections on medical conditions and infection


Hull AJ.  Surgery in war

            London, Churchill, 1916

Alfred Keogh in the preface describes this as a “taking stock” book.  Notably missing is any account of the management of facial injury


Hunt HL.  Plastic surgery of the head, face and neck

Philadelphia & New York, Lea & Febiger 1926

A number of WW1 cases are illustrated, with attributions to Dufourmentel, Gillies and Pickerill


Hurst AF.  Medical Diseases of the War

            London, Edward Arnold, 1917

Arthur Hurst was a physician and neurologist, serving in London and at the New Zealand Hospital in Walton-on-Thames, then on Lemnos (as a member of the Medical Advisory Committee for the Prevention of Epidemic Disease) and in Salonika..  The Preface remarks that he had changed his name from Hertz to Hurst for patriotic reasons.  Chapters include Functional nervous disorders, Soldier’s heart (now considered a functional condition, dysentery, amoebic hepatitis and abscess, trench fevers, paratyphoid, epidemic jaundice, beri-beri, war nephritis and gas poisoning.  Interestingly he suggests that trench fever was louse-borne, an observation only later confirmed by field studies (Strong et al, q.v.)


Hutt CW.  The future of the disabled soldier

London, Bale & Fisher Unwin, 1917


Ireland MW.  The Medical Department of the United States Army in the World War

            Washington DC, Government Printing Office



The Surgeon General’s Office, 1923


Administration American Expeditionary Forces, 1927

Numerous illustrations, and a full list of US operated hospitals and their personnel.  It refers (p1038) to a “short course in reconstructive facial surgery”, offered in Paris by Drs Sebelean, Morax and Le Maitre (“didactic, demonstrative, clinical and operative on the cadaver”).  The 3 week course cost 50 francs to cover the expenses of cadaveric use


Finance and Supply, 1928

With illustrations of equipment, ambulances etc


Activities Concerning Mobilization Camps and Ports of  Embarkation, 1928


Military Hospitals in the U.S., 1923


Sanitation, 1926


Training, 1927


Field Operations, 1925


Communicable and Other Diseases, 1928


Neuropsychiatry, 1929


Surgery Part 1, General Surgery, Orthopedic Surgery, Neurosurgery, 1927


Surgery Part 2, Empyema, Maxillofacial Surgery, Ophthalmology, Otolaryngology, 1924


Acute Respiratory Diseases, Gas Gangrene following War Wounds, 1929


Part 1, Physical Reconstruction and Vocational Education


Part 2, the Army Nurse Corps, 1927


Medical Aspects of Gas Warfare, 1926


Statistics Part 1, Army Anthropology, 1921


Statistics Part 2, Medical and Casualty Statistics, 1925


The American equivalent of the “Official History”, prepared under the direction of Major General M.W. Ireland, Surgeon General of the Army. An additional volume on the physical condition of enlisted men was also produced Love & Davenport, q.v.)


Ireland MW (intr).  Report on Fourth International Congress of military medicine and pharmacy. Warsaw, Poland, May - June 1927.

Menasha (Wisconsin), George Banta Publishing Co, n.d. (1927 or 1928)

Detailed report in English of the Congress, with list of delegates, reports, communications and discussions.  Five subjects were reported upon at the Congress, including three having some connections with WW1: Evacuation in moving warfare; aetiology and prophylaxis of influenza (including a communication by Colonel Edgar E. Hume, US Army: “Influenza in the American Army during the World War”; Dental communications: and one directly connected with WW1:- Sequelae of traumatisms of the skull and their treatment (pp 124 to 207)


Jeanbrau, E. et al.  Chirurgie reparatrice et orthopedique Publ.sous la direction de E.Jeanbrau, P.Nove-Jusserand, L.Ombredanne et P.Desfosses

Paris, Masson 1920

            A 2 volume surgical textbook with a substantial section (pp416-520) on facial surgery, much of which is derived from L’Ombrédanne’s experience and a considerable amount relates to WW1


Jones R.  Note on Military Orthopaedics.

            London, Cassell & Co (for the British Red Cross) 1917 (reprinted 1918)

Sir Robert Jones was an orthopaedic surgeon of considerable ability and is considered one of the fathers of British orthopaedic surgery. Originally enlisting as a lieutenant, it was not until a number of American surgeons had asked for introductions to the “head of army orthopaedics” that he was plucked from obscurity and rapidly promoted.


Joseph J.  Nasenplastik und Sonstige Gesichtsplastik Nebst Einem Anhang Uber Mammaplastik und Einige Weitere Operationen Aus Dem Gebiete Der Ausseren Korperplastik (Rhinoplasty and facial plastic surgery with a supplement on mammaplasty and other operations in the field of plastic surgery of the body)

            Leipzig, Curt Kabitzsch, 1931 (English transl: Milstein S; Phoenix, Columella Press, 1987)

            Jacques Joseph is perhaps the most notable German plastic surgeon of the early 20th Century.  During WW1 he was Director of the Division of Facial Plastic Surgery at the Charité Hospital, Berlin where he operated on numerous war casualties; this book, published well after the war, distils some of that experience.  His written work largely disappeared under the restrictions on Jews in the 1930s.  Technically superb, this book is perhaps more rigorous in its approach than Gillies’ “Plastic Surgery of the Face”  (and considerably more thorough than the almost contemporary large format – and expensive – book produced by Esser) but relatively unknown in the English-speaking surgical world of the time


Jungmann, Paul. Das wolhynische Fieber.

Berlin, Springer., 1919.

Treatise on Typhus, known in Germany after the region of Poland/Ukraine (Wolhynia) where it was first described among WW1 German forces


Kazanjian VH, Converse JM.  The Surgical treatment of facial Injuries

            Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins Co, 1959

            Although out of the usual time frame this (substantial) book is included because it draws “from vast experience in World Wars I and II”


Keen WW.  The Treatment of War Wounds.

            Philadelphia, Saunders, 1917 (2nd ed 1918)

William Keen was a surgeon in the American Civil War as well as in the 1914-18 conflict..  Harvey Cushing contributed an account of his techniques for managing head wounds


Keith A.  Menders of the Maimed

            London, Henry Frowde, 1919 (repr Philadelphia, JB Lippincott, 1975)

            Written by Arthur Keith, Hunterian Professor of Surgery at London’s Royal College of Surgeons, it is a summary of important developments in orthopaedics and based on a series of wartime lectures.  Its subject matter is almost entirely pre-war


Keogh A (ed).  Medical and Surgical Therapy
New York: D. Appleton & Company
6 volumes as follows: Vol. I: (1918) Infectious Diseases; Vol. II: (1919) Neuroses; Vol. III: (1919) Wounds; Vol. IV: (1919) Fractures; Vol. V: (1919) Bones and Joints; Vol. VI: (1919) Electro-Diagnosis and Lung Wounds, Mental and Locomotor Disabilities


Klapp R, Schröder H.  Die Unterkieferschussbrüche und ihre Behandlung (Gunshot wounds of the lower jaw and their management)

            Berlin, Verlag von Hermann Meusser, 1917

            A well illustrated volume, encompassing dental splinting techniques in particular


Klughardt A.  Beobachtungen und Erfahrungen bei der Behandlung von Kieferbrüchen insbesondere bei der Feldhändlung der Kieferschussverletzungen (Observations and experience of the management of jaw fractures with particular reference to gunshot injury)

            Berlin, Berlinische Verlaganstalt, 1922


Knox R. Radiography and Radiotherapeutics

London, A&C Black; New York, Macmillan, 1919

In 2 volumes; Vol 1 is Radiography, including details of military applications and apparatus suitable for field hospitals.  Knox worked at, and drew his experience for the books from, the 4th London general Hospital


Kuhnt H.  Plastische Operationen an Lidern und Bindehaut bei Kriegsverletzten (Plastic surgery to eyelids and conjunctiva after War lesions)

Bonn, 1922


Küttner H.  Verletzungen des Gehirns (Brain Injuries)

Stuttgart / Enke (Coll. Neue Deutsche Chirurgie), 1920

In 3 volumes


Lagarde LA .  Gunshot injuries

            London, Bale, 1914

            Reprinted by the Battery Press, 1995                  


Larousse Médical de Guerre

            Paris, Librairie Larousse, 1917

An illustrated encyclopaedia, arranged alphabetically


Lawley A.  A Message from Mesopotamia

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1917

            Sir Arthur Lawley was Red Cross Commissioner, reporting in early 1917 on the welfare of British troops in the region


Lawson A.  War blindness at St. Dunstan's

            London, Oxford, 1922

Sir Arthur Lawson, Director of St Dunstan’s, was himself blind


Lebedinsky J, Virenque M.  Prothèse et Chirurgie Cranio-Maxillo-Faciale

Paris, JB Baillière et fils, 1918

            Based on the authors’ experience of some 700 cases at the 4th Region Hospital, Mans.  It includes many details of jaw splinting and grafting, but the plastic techniques illustrated (which include rhinoplasty) are unsophisticated


Le Bon, G.  The psychology of the Great War

            London: Fisher Unwin, 1916


Leese P.  Shell Shock: Traumatic Neurosis and the British Soldiers of the First World War

New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2002


Léger-Dorez H.  Traité de Prosthèse Dentaire

Paris, C Ash, 1920

            Léger-Dorez served at the Centre de Médecine Générale, 13th Region.  The Ash company was a supplier of dental equipment


Lelean PS.  Sanitation in war

            London, Churchill, 1917; Philadelphia, Blakiston n.d.


Lewis T.  Reports upon Soldiers Returned as Cases of 'Disordered Action of the Heart, (DAH) or Valvular Disease of the heart (VDH)

            London, H.M.S.O., 1917. 

A condition which often afflicted troops, otherwise called Da Costa's or effort syndrome, nowadays considered to be a feature of post-traumatic stress disorder


Lexer E  Wiederherstellungschirurgie (Restorative surgery)

Leipzig, Barth 1919-20


Lewis T.  The soldier's heart and the effort syndrome

            London, Shaw & Sons, 1918  (New York, Hoeber, 1920)


Lloyd L.  Lice and their menace to man: with a chapter on trench fever                  

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1919

            Written for the “general reader”.  The chapter on trench fever is contributed by Major W Byam, RAMC


Love AG, Davenport CB.  Defects found in drafted men.  Statistical information compiled from the draft records showing the physical condition of the men registered and examined in pursuance of the requirements of the Selective-Service Act

            Washington, Government printing office, 1920

            A monstrous volume of over 1600 pages, mainly tables


MacCallum WG. The Pathology of the Pneumonia in the United States Army Camps During the Winter of 1917-18  

New York, Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, 1919.

Monograph No.10, describing what is attributed to measles pneumonia, but may well be bronchopneumonia secondary to influenza (Spanish ‘flu).  Illustrated with colour and b&w plates of pathology slides and specimens


MacCurdy JT.  War neuroses. 

            Cambridge, University Press, 1918

An American account.  Foreword by Rivers of Craiglockhart.


McKenzie RT.  Reclaiming the maimed: A handbook of physical therapy

            New York, Macmillan, 1918

A summary of therapy techniques of value in treating the disabled serviceman, including a section on the masking of facial deformity.  After the war Tait McKenzie became preoccupied with depicting in sculpture the “typical physique”, in Nietzschean style


Maclean H.  Report to the Committee on War Nephritis.  An investigation into the Incidence of Albuminuria and Casts in British Soldiers during Training and the Relationship of this Condition to War Nephritis

            London, M.P. & E. Co Ltd, 1918


Maclean H.  Albuminuria and war nephritis among British troops in France

            London, Medical Research Committee, 1919


McMurtrie DC.  The disabled soldier

            New York, Macmillan, 1919

            A summary of the strategy of dealing with the disabled ex-serviceman, including an historical perspective and study of work in France, Great Britain and the Dominions.  The author was Director of the Red Cross Institute for Crippled and Disabled Men


Makins GH.  Gunshot injuries of the arteries

            London, Oxford University Press, 1914


Ibid.  Gunshot injuries to the blood vessels.  Founded on experience gained in France during the Great War, 1914-1918

            New York, William Wood & Co, 1919

            Our copy contains a review request from the Editor of the American Journal of the Medical Sciences


Mackintosh DJ.  Construction and management of a general hospital

Edinburgh, Hodge, 1916


Maltz M.  New Faces, New Futures.  Rebuilding Character with Plastic Surgery

            New York, Richard R Smith, 1936

            Written for a lay audience, this book comments on the influence of the Great War on technical development and asks searching questions about the coming misery of the Second World War – prescient in historical terms, but the doom-laden prediction of casualty numbers was not to be fulfilled because the war was to be so different in conduct from its predecessor


Ibid.  Evolution of Plastic Surgery

            New York, Froben Press, 1946

A general study of plastic surgery from its origins in antiquity.  Contains a section on the plastic surgery developments of the Great War


Marion G.  Chirurgie de Guerre (War Surgery). Indications Générales du Traitement des plaies de guerre.

            Paris, Maloine, 1916

Manual of medicaments, splints etc


Marchet G.  Die Versorgung der Kriegsinvaliden und ihrer hinterbliebenen

            (Care of war invalids and their dependents)

            Warnsdorf, Verlag Ed. Strache, 1915


Marr HC.  Psychoses of the war, including neurasthenia and shell shock

            New York, Oxford University Press, 1919


Martinier P, Lemerle G (tr. Lawson Whale H).  Injuries of the face and jaw and their repair; and the treatment of fractured jaws

            New York, William Wood & Co, 1917

            The book focuses on prosthetic reconstruction which was much practised in France but largely abandoned in the UK.  Lawson Whale was working at the 83rd General Hospital when he translated the book (adding his own comments and caveats in the foreword); later he was attached to the Queen's Hospital Sidcup and appears as surgeon to a number of patients in the casenotes


Mason CF.  A complete handbook for the Hospital Corps of the U.S. Army and Navy and state military forces

            New York, William Wood and Company, 1916

            A comprehensive manual for training and education, including some 90 pages of drill regulations


Maxwell WN.  A psychological retrospect of the Great War

            London, Allen & Unwin, 1923

            The cover note indicates that the book is written “from the point of view of a moderate behaviourist, and offers an explanation of various psychological elements which are operative in warfare”


Maxwell‑Lefroy H.  Measures for avoidance and extermination of flies, mosquitoes, lice and other vermin

            London, Thacker, 1915


Medical Research Committee. Annual Reports 1914-1919

            London, HMSO, 1915-1919

            The MRC was founded in 1912 and later became the Medical Research Council.  Its summary of activities for the war years contains a considerable amount of the research conducted under military medical auspices


Medical War Manuals.

            Philadelphia & New York, Lea & Febiger, 1917-18


            No 1: Vedder EB. Sanitation for Medical Officers

No 2:  Goodwin TH.  Notes for Army Medical Officers

No 3:  Greenwood A.  Military Ophthalmic Surgery

No 4:  Military Orthopaedic Surgery (prepared by the Orthopaedic Council)

No 5: McDill JR.  Lessons from the enemy: How Germany cares for her war disabled

No 6: Laboratory Methods of the United States Army

No 7: de Tarnowsky G.  Military Surgery of the Zone of the Advance

No 8: Loeb HW.  Military Surgery of the Ear, Nose and Throat (numerous references are appended, including a number of reports by Morestin)

No 9:  McCombe J, Menzies AF.  Medical Service at the Front

Pocket books for officers in the field; the first is interspersed with blank sheets of lined paper so that notes can be kept


Misch J, Rumpel C.  Die Kriegsverletzungen der Kiefer und Angrenzenden Teile. Ein Kurzgefasstes Lehrbuch für Zahnarzte und Ärzte zum Gebrauch im Felde und in der Heimat.  (War injuries of the jaw and adjoining parts. A dentist's and doctor's concise lesson book for use on the battlefield and on the home front

Berlin, Hermann Meusser, 1916

            A profusely illustrated textbook on jaw injuries, with numerous examples of superficial surgery and splinting


Military Medical Manuals (general editor Surgeon General Sir Alfred Keogh)

            University of London Press, 1917-18

A series of ready reference works translated from the French.  The advertisement sheets state “Each translation has been made by a practised hand, and is edited by a specialist in the branch of surgery or medicine covered by the volume.... Each volume in the series is complete in itself, while the whole will form a comprehensive picture of the medicine and surgery of the Great War”. They were published by Masson et Cie in Paris as part of the Horizon collection; a number of these were not translated, and these are included here with a ~ prefix


Abadie G. (Ed Arbuthnot Lane A).  Wounds of the abdomen


Armand-Delille P, Abrami P, Paisseau G, Lemaire H. (Ed Ross D).  Malaria: Clinical and haematological features.  Principles of treatment


Babinski J, Froment J (ed Farquhar Buzzard E).  Hysteria or Pithiatism and Reflex Nervous Disorders in the Neurology of War

An account, with bibliography, of war-studies on hysteria and of the authors' own work


Benisty A- Mme (ed Farquhar Buzzard E).  The clinical forms of nerve lesions


Benisty A- Mme (ed Farquhar Buzzard E).  The treatment and repair of nerve lesions  (Fr. “Traitement et Restauration des Lesions des Nerfs”)

Mme Bénisty (née Athanasiu) published her doctoral thesis “Les Lésions de la zone Rolandique” (q.v.) in 1918


Bertein P, Nimier A.  Les premières heures du Blessé de guerre.  Du trou d’obus au poste de secours

(the first hours of a war casualty from injury to aid post)


Bourgeois H, Sourdille H. (Ed Dundas Grant J) War otitis and war deafness.


Broca A. (trans Renfrew White J, ed Elmslie RC).  The After-Effects of Wounds of the Bones and Joints


Broca A and DuCroquet J (trans /ed. Elmslie RC).  Artificial limbs


Carrel A, Dehelly G (trans Child H)  The Treatment of Infected Wounds

A description of the Carrel-Dakin method using antiseptic solutions. In French entitled “Le traitement des plaies infectées”. Also published in the USA by Hoeber


Chatelin C, de Martel D (ed Burghard FF).  Wounds of the skull and brain


Courtois-Suffit MM, Giroux R (ed Bruce D, Golla F).  Abnormal forms of tetanus


~Desfosses P, Charles-Robert.  La Suspension dans la Traitement des Fractures.  Appareils Anglo-Américains (Suspension in fracture management. Anglo-American equipment)


~Grégoire R, Courcoux.  Plaies de la Plèvre et du Poumon (Injuries of pleura and lung)


Imbert L, Réal P (ed Colyer JF).  Fractures of the lower jaw


Lagrange F (trans Child C).  Fractures of the orbit and injuries of the eye in war

            French edition “Les Fractures de l'Orbite par projectiles de Guerre”, 1917


~Lepine J.  Troubles mentaux de guerre  (Psychiatric disorders of war)


~Leri A.  Commotions et Émotions de guerre (Shock and emotion in war)


Leriche R (ed Burghard FF).  The treatment of fractures (2 vols; 1: Fractures involving joints; 2: Fractures of the shaft


de Martel T.  Blessures du Crâne.  Traitement opératoire des plaies du crane (Operative treatment of cranial injuries)

            The English version was co-edited by Chatelin (vide supra)


Ombrédanne A, Ledoux-Lebard M (ed Reid AD).  Localisation and extraction of projectiles

            French edition (Localisation et extraction des projectiles, 1918).  Contains a useful summary of radiological techniques and risks


~Policard A.  L’Évolution de la Plaie de guerre.  Mecanismes biologiques fondamentaux (The evolution of war wounds. Fundamental biological mechanisms)


~Ravaud P.  Syphilis. Paludisme. Amibiase.  Cures initiales et blanchiment (Syphilis, malaria and amoebiasis; initial cures and hygiene)


Roussy G, Lhermitte J (trans Christopherson WB, ed Aldren Turner W). The Psychoneuroses of War

A discussion in the main of shell-shock.  Though the French had no word for this condition they were assiduous in treating it and claimed a 98 per cent recovery rate. The French version appears to have different authors (Roussy, Boisseau & d’Oelsnitz)


Sencert L. (Ed Burghard FF).  Wounds of the blood vessels


Thibierge G. (Ed Marshall CF).  Syphilis and the Army

The editor remarks that current British treatment was intravenous injection of a salvarsan 'substitute' combined with intra-muscular injections of mercury.


~Vallat.  Accidents du Travail des ouvriers des usines et établissements de la guerre (Work accidents in factories and other war establishments)


Vincent H, Muratet L (trans / ed Rolleston JD).  Typhoid fevers and paratyphoid fevers


Vincent H, Muratet L (ed Low GC).  Dysenteries, Cholera and exanthematic typhus

            French edition “Fièvres Typhoïdes et Paratyphoïdes (Paris, Masson et cie Editeurs / Libraires de l’Academie de Medicine, 1917)


~Zimmern A, Perol P. Electrodiagnostic de guerre (Electrodiagnosis in war)

            Paris, Masson et Cie, 1917

                        A manual of electrodiagnostic tests for the diagnosis of nerve injuries etc


Ministry of Munitions.  An Atlas of Gas Poisoning

             London, H.M.S.O., 1918.

Reprinted for the American Red Cross


Möhring, B. Zur Indikation und Technik der Unterkiefer-Resektionsprothese (Indications for and techniques of resection and reconstruction of the mandible)

Berlin, Hermann Meusser,1914


Morelli E (tr. Davis L, Irving FC).  The treatment of wounds of lung and pleura

            Boston, WM Leonard, 1920

            Based on the author’s experience at Ospedaletto 79, attached to the 11th Corps of the Italian army on the Piave.  The translators were surgeons attached to US Field Hospital 331, Limbraga


Morin J.  Contribution à l’étude de la ration alimentaire du soldat Suisse

            Lausanne, Imprimeries Réunies, 1917

Published under the auspices of the University of Lausanne’s Institute of Hygiene and Parasitology, this thesis examines the rations provided to officers and men of the Second Division and compares them with those of the French, Italian, Austrian and German armies.  The conclusion is that the rations are inferior!


Mott FW.  War neurosis and shell shock

London, Henry Frowde/Hodder& Stoughton, 1919


Muntsch O. Leitfaden der Pathologie und Therapie der Kampfgaserkrankungen (Summary of pathology and therapy of diseases caused by poison gas)

Leipzig, 1935


Murard L, Zylberman P.  L'hygiène dans la République: la santé publique en France ou l'utopie contrariée : 1870-1918

Paris, Fayard 1996

Sanitary affairs in France from 1870 to 1918


Myers CS.  Shell shock in France, 1914‑1918 based on a war diary kept by Charles S. Myers

            London, Cambridge University Press, 1940


National Health Insurance Medical Research Committee.  Bacteriological Studies in the Pathology and Preventive Control of Cerebro-spinal Fever among the Forces during 1915 and 1916.

            London, HMSO, 1917

A study of the features of, method of spread and investigation of meningococcal meningitis, which threatened an epidemic among recruits in 1915.  Detailed descriptions of preventative measures, and photographs of the mobile laboratory


Neal JH.  Field Ambulance Organisation and Administration

            London, HK Lewis, 1919


Nichols TB.  Organisation, Strategy and Tactics.  The Army Medical Services in War

            London, Baillière Tindall & Cox, 1937 (& 2nd Edition, 1941)

Reference work produced, as it happens, just in time for the Second World War but largely derived from medical experience in the First.


Oppenheim H.  Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Kriegsverletzungen des peripherischen Nervensystems (Contribution on peripheral nerve injuries in war)

            Berlin, Karger, 1917


Oxford War Primers of Medicine and Surgery

A series of pocket sized books similar in purpose to the Military medical Manuals series, but all originally in English.  Published jointly by the Oxford University Press, Henry Frowde and Hodder & Stoughton


Bathe Rawling L.  Surgery of the Head. 1915

Designed as a text for surgeons at CCS and base hospitals.  The author writes “In all probability the present war will evidence a higher ratio of head cases as compared with the rest of the body”.


Dupuy GM.  The Stretcher Bearer: A Companion to the R.A.M.C. Training Book

In landscape format, it differs from the others in the series.  138 photographs illustrate stretcher drill, which must have been largely unnecessary under trench conditions


Jones R.  Injuries of the joints (2nd ed. 1918)


Harris W.  Nerve injuries and shock.1915


Hey Groves EW.  Gunshot injuries of bones. 1915


Horder TJ. Cerebro-spinal fever. 1915


Huggins GM.  Amputation stumps and their treatment. 1918


Keogh Murphy J.  Wounds of the thorax in war. 1915


Macdonald R St.J.  Field Sanitation.  1918

            The author was Sanitary Officer for the CAMC


Morison R.  BIPP Treatment of War Wounds. 1918

Bipp was an antiseptic paste composed of iodoform, bismuth subnitrate and liquid paraffin, which was applied to open wounds and allowed to dry out before being peeled off, supposedly taking the infection with it.


Morison R, Richardson WG.  Abdominal injuries. 1915


Power d'A.  Wounds in war: Their treatment and results. 1915


Ramsay AM, Grant JD, Lawson Whale H, West CE.  Injuries of the eyes, nose, throat and ears.1915

            Lawson Whale, co-author of the section on the nose and throat, was at Epsom when the book was produced, having been at No 13 General Hospital; he was subsequently posted to Sidcup.


Shera AG.  Vaccines and Sera in Military and Civilian Practice. 1918


Squire JE.  Medical Hints (Oxford War Primers series). 1915

Chapters on the management of infectious diseases, rheumatism, frostbite, body parasites and malingering among others.  Concludes with a section entitled “Discipline in Hospitals”


Stewart P, Evans AH.  Nerve injuries and their treatment. 1916


Page CM.  A Medical field service handbook

OWP series 1918


Parreidt J.  Handbuch der Zahnersatzkunde: mit einschluss der Technik des kiefer-, gaumen- und nasenersatzes (Handbook of dental reconstruction and the techniques of jaw, palate and nasal prosthetics)

            Leipzig, Arthur Felix, 1919

            A substantial text on dental reconstructive work, with numerous illustrations of splints, prostheses and manufacturing equipment


Paeuw L de.  La réeducation professionnelle des soldats mutiles et estropies
Paris, Berger-Levrault, 1917:

            Description of the work of the Ecole Nationale Belge des Mutilés de la Guerre, with sites at Sainte-Adresse, Port-Villez and Mortain, illustrated with numerous photographs of the occupational workshops


Pellat S.  Petits Jeux pour nos Blessés

Paris, Delagrave, 1915

            Whether the games described in this book would lift the spirits of the injured and help in getting them back to the front remains questionable


Penhallow DP.  Military surgery

            New York, Oxford University Press, 1918


Pfaff HW, Schönbeck F.  Kursus der Zahnärztlichen Kriegschirurgie und Ontgentechnik (Course on war dental surgery and radiography)

Leipzig, Verlag von Dr Werner Klinkhardt, 1916


Pickerill HP.  Facial Surgery

            Edinburgh, Livingstone, 1924

            Pickerill led the New Zealand Section at the Queen's Hospital Sidcup, and many of the cases illustrated in the book are from the NZ notes now in the Gillies Archive (The Macalister Collection).  The book is based on Pickerill’s MS thesis for the University of Birmingham. Curiously the preface makes no acknowledgement of the other Queen's Hospital surgeons – which is odd, not least because of Harold Gillies’s New Zealand origin.  Gillies, conversely, acknowledges Pickerill fulsomely


Plowman CF, Dearden WF.  Fighting the fly peril

            London, Unwin, 1915


Porot A, Hesnard A.  Psychiàtre de guerre. Etude clinique

Paris, Alcan, 1919


Porter, WT. Shock at the Front. 

            Boston, The Atlantic Monthly Press, 1918.

Research on the causes and cure of traumatic shock during World War I


Prakken H.  Beitrage zum Studium von Genese und praktischem Verschluss der Kieferhohle- mundhohle-verbindunen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegsverletzung (Contribution to the study of War injuries of the mouth and jaw and the development of closure techniques)

Joure (Netherlands), Vereenigde Jouster Drukkerijen, 1937

Hendrik Prakken’s dissertation for the University of Münster, illustrated with his own drawings and photographs


Prentiss AM.  Chemicals in War. A treatise on chemical warfare

            McGraw-Hill, 1937


Prinzing F. Epidemics resulting from wars

            Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1916

            A summary of historical records from before the Thirty years War to the Balkan conflicts of 1913.  While outside the usual timescale of this bibliography the book gives an interesting historical perspective, although rather laden with numbers of casualties and light on management


RAMC Training Manual

            HMSO, 1911

The standard reference work for the RAMC, including drills and exercise, first aid, nursing and cooking advice.


Ranke K.E.  Richtlinien der Tuberkulosebekaempfung nach den Krieg für Beamtete Ärzte  (Guidelines for doctors in charge for fighting against tuberculosis after the War)

Wuerbur / Leipzig, Kabitzsch, 1919


Rea RL. Chest radiography at a casualty clearing station

Belfast and London, Mayne Boyd and H.K. Lewis 1919


Read C.S.  Military psychiatry in peace and war

            London, HK Lewis, 1920.


Reid F.  Broken Men: Shell Shock, Treatment and Recovery in Britain 1914-1930

            London & New York, Continuum, 2010

            A detailed study of the subject with much information about how sufferers dealt with their own problems and the perceptions of others


Rivers WH.  Instinct and the Unconscious.  A contribution to a biological theory of the psycho-neuroses

            Cambridge, University Press, 1922

Rivers notes in the Preface “The general aim of the book is to put into a biological setting the system of psycho-therapy which came to be generally adopted in Great Britain in the treatment of the psycho-neuroses of war.  This system was developed in the main at the Maghull Military hospital under the direction of Dr R.G. Rows…”.  The second edition contains some changes as the result of criticisms by TW Mitchell, whose views on dissociation were adopted by Rivers


Rivers WH.  Conflict and Dream

            New York, Harcourt Brace and London, Kegan Paul, Trench and Trubner, 1923

The classic text by Rivers, published after his untimely death with a foreword and explanatory notes by Eliot Smith.  It is based on a lecture series given by Rivers in Cambridge between 1920 and 1922.  Published as part of a series entitled “International Library of Psychology Philosophy and Scientific Method”


Roberts J.  War surgery of the face. A treatise on plastic restoration after facial surgery.

New York, William Wood & Co, 1919


Ross Sir R (ed).  Observations on Malaria, by medical officers of the army and others

            London, HMSO, 1919

A series of reports of malaria management and related matters such as the excretion of quinine in urine and the effect of this drug on the development of malarial parasites


Roth PB.  Notes on military orthopaedics

            London, Henry Kimpton, 1916


Salmon TW.  The care and treatment of mental diseases and war neuroses : ("shell shock") in the British Army

Washington, 1917


Sauerbruchs F.  Die Willkruerlich Bewaegbare Kuenstliche Hand. Eine Anleitung für Chirurgen und Techniker. (The artificial moving hand. Advice to surgeons and technicians) 

Berlin, Springer, 1916

Sauerbruch's hand was the first really satisfactory arm and hand prosthesis.


van Schelven T. Oorlogsneurologie. Ervaringen over verwondingen van het zenuwgestel en over neurosen (War neurology. Experiments on injuries on nerves and on neuroses)

Amsterdam, Scheltema en Holkema, c.1916


von Schjerning O (ed.).  Handbuch der Ärtzlichen Erfahrungen im Weltkriege 1914/18 (Handbook of medical experience of the World War)

Leipzig, JA Barth

The definitive work, in 9 parts, from German WW1 experience, published in Leipzig, as follows:


Vols I & II.  Payr E, Franz C (eds).  Chirurgie, 1922

A huge work of over 1700 pages.  Pp498-598 cover injuries to face and jaw, contributed by Klapp and Römer.  A stereoscopic radiograph is included


Vol III.   Krehl L (ed).  Innere Medizin (Internal medicine),1921


Vol IV.  Bonhoeffer K (ed).  Geistes- und Nerven-Krankheiten (Psychology & Neurology), 1921


Vol V.  Axenfeld T (ed).  Augenheilkunde, 1922

This manual covered new results of War ophthalmology.


Vol VI.  Vos O,  Killian G (eds).  Gehörorgan obere Luft- und Speisewege (Ears and upper respiratory and digestive tracts),1921


Vol. VII.  Hoffmann W (ed).  Hygiene, 1922


Vol VIII.  Aschoff L (ed).  Pathologie Anatomie, 1921


Vol IX.  Grashey R (ed).  Roentgenologie, 1922


Schloessmann H.  Der Nervenschussschmerz  (Nerve pain due to bullet wounds)

Berlin, Springer, 1917


Schmidt W.  Forensisch-Psychiatrische Erfahrungen im Kriege (Forensic psychiatry experience in war)

            Berlin, S Karger, 1918

            Volume 5 of a series of neurology, psychiatry and psychology handbooks


Scotland T, Hays S (eds).  War Surgery 1914-1918

            Solihill, UK, Helion Books, 2012

Comprehensive guide to surgical advances and practice in the war.  There is a chapter on facial surgery contributed by John Holmes



Seifert E.  Lehrbuch der Chirurgie des Kopfes und Halses Für Zahnärzte (Textbook of head and neck surgery for dentists)

            München, JF Lehmannsverlag, 1921 (2nd ed 1931)

            Volume 11 in a series of dental texts (series editor Professor HH Rebel, Göttingen)


Shephard B.  A War of Nerves.  Soldiers and Psychiatrists 1914-1994

            London, Jonathan Cape, 2000

            A comprehensive survey of war neurosis from shellshock to post-traumatic stress disorder. WW1 is covered in detail; an excellent introduction, as it is not too technical


Shera AG.  Vaccines and sera: their clinical value in Military and Civilian practice

OWP series, 1918


Shipley AE.  The minor Horrors of War

            London, Smith Elder a & Co, 1916

Reference work on lice, fleas, flies, leeches etc— not, in the trenches, very “minor” at all.


Shipley AE.  More Minor Horrors

            London, Smith Elder, 1916

Cockroaches, mosquitoes, rats, mice etc.  Some amusing quotations


Silberstein Adolf (ed).  Ergebnisse der Kriegsinvalidenfürsorge im KGL Orthopaed. Reserve-Lazarett Nuernberg (Results of the care of war invalids in the Royal Orthopaedic Reserve military hospital, Nürnberg).

Nürnberg / Würzburg / Kubitzsh, 1916


Slade GH.  Two sticks.

            London, Mills & Boon, 1923


Société de Secours aux Blessés Militaires.   Vocabulaire français-arabe a l'usage des infirmìères de la Societé Française de Secours aux Blessés Militaires

Paris, 1913

In the same series appeared Vocabulaire français-italien, Vocabulaire français-anglais and Vocabulaire français-espagnol


Southard EE.  Shell‑shock and other neuropsychiatric problems presented in five hundred and eighty‑nine case histories from the war literature, 1914‑ 1918

            Boston, Leonard, 1919

Nearly 1000 pages, with an extensive bibliography


Spire C, Lombardy P.  Précis d'organisation et de fonctionnement du service de santé en temps de guerre.

Principes de tactique sanitaire (Outline of the organisation and functions of a wartime sanitary service. Principles of sanitary practice)

Paris, Lavauzelle, 1925


Staige Davis J. Plastic Surgery: its Principles And Practice
Philadelphia,  P. Blakiston Son & Co., 1919

            The first of the major plastic surgery texts generated from experience of WW1


Strong RP et al.  Trench fever.

            London, Oxford Medical Publications (Henry Frowde/Hodder & Stoughton  1918)

A detailed research treatise describing experiments performed on volunteers which proved that trench fever was transmitted by lice


Strong RP.  Typhus fever, with particular reference to the Serbian epidemics

            Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1920


Surgeon General’s Office (USA).  Principles of War Surgery, based on conclusions adopted at the various interallied surgical conferences

            Washington, Government Printing Office,  1918

            A tiny pocket book summarising “best practice” from four conferences held at the Val-de-Grâce Hospital, Paris, between March 1916 and March 1918


Surgeon General's Office. Abstracts Of  War Surgery: An abstract of the war literature of general surgery that has been published since the declaration of war in 1914

St. Louis, C.V. Mosby Co., 1918

            General topics include "Wound Infection and Treatment", "Tetanus", "Gas Gangrene", Abdomen",  “Chest", "Cardiovascular Surgery", "Joints", "Fractures", "Burns", "Anesthesia in Warfare", "Trench-Foot", "Foreign Bodies", "Peripheral Nerve Injuries" and "Jaws and Face".  The articles have been abstracted from a number of medical journals of all nationalities


Sutton S.  The fitting out and administration of a Naval Hospital Ship

Bristol John Wright, 1918


Taylor, CRS.  The psychology of the Great War

            London, Secker, 1915


Tenret F.  Traite de Secours d'urgence aux Blessés

Marcinelle (Belgium), 1915


Thomason WT.  Papers based on the 1914 War Medical Records Section.  Compilation and Usage

London, Department of Health and Social Security, 1976

Ringbound study, filed in the Imperial War Museum library


Thourén G. Tandläkarnes sanitetsverksamhet under krig. (The work of the dentist and his measures for hygiene in war)

            Stockholm, 1915


Tinel J.  Les blessures des nerfs

            Paris, Masson & Cie, 1916.

Gunshot wounds of peripheral nerves were a common feature of World War I, as indeed of all wars.  The effects of such wounds were studied most closely by Tinel. The book is presented by anatomical region.  Preface by Déjerine


Topley WWC.  A report on the probable proportion of enteric infections among the undiagnosed febrile cases invalided from the Western Front since October 1916

            London, Medical Research Committee, 1920


Tournade A.  La Rééducation professionelle des mutilés de la guerre.  Rôle du Service de Santé

            Paris, L. Fournier, 1917


Tournade A.  La pratique de l'hygiene en campagne (Battlefield hygiene)

Paris, Fournier, 1918

Tuttle AD.  Handbook for the Medical Soldier

            Baltimore, William Wood, 1927

            Arnold Dwight Tuttle’s handbook was based on his experiences from the Spanish-American War to WW1 by which time he ad advanced from private to colonel.  The books’ dedication is to the memory of Oscar C. Tugo, the first enlisted man of the US army to die in WW1; a private of the Medical Department, he was killed by a bomb at the No 5 Base Hospital at Dannes-Camiers.  The book is comprehensive, even including tips on letter-writing


Underhill FP. Lethal War Gases. Physiology and Experimental Treatment;

New Haven, Yale University Press 1920


Vaughan E.  La Réeducation professionelle des Soldats Aveugles

            Paris, Imprimerie Levé, 1915

            French handbook on the rehabilitation of the blinded soldier


Vedder EH.  The medical aspects of chemical warfare

            London, Bailliere, 1925


Waldmann A, Hoffmann W.  Lehrbuch der Militärhygiene

Berlin, Springer, 1936

Large monograph on military hygiene on based on experience in WW1


Wallace CS.  War surgery of the abdomen

            London, Churchill; New York, Blakiston, 1918

A comprehensive review of what might be expected at operation, with many statistics.  The most horrifying of these is the overall mortality of more than 50% of casualties reaching an operating hospital


Wallace CS, Fraser J.  Surgery at a casualty clearing station

            London, A&C Black, 1918


Ward VH (ed Newell MJ(.  Ex dentibus Ensis.  A History of the Army Dental Service

            Sutherland, Method Publishing Co (for RADC), 1997

            Chapter covering the dental and facial work of the Service in WW1.  The RADC itself was not established until 1921

Warthin AS, Weller CV.  The Medical Aspects of Mustard Gas Poisoning

            London, Kimpton, 1919.


Warwick James W, Fickling BW.  Injuries of the jaws and face

            London, John Bale and Staples Ltd, 1940

Published after the start of the Second World War, this textbook is based on the authors’ experience at the 3rd London General Hospital in WW1.  Curiously it makes no reference at all to the facial work done at Sidcup; and even then, only 20 years or so after the end of the First War, most of the casenotes from the hospital had disappeared


Webster RW.  Paper Work of the Medical Department of the United States Army

            Philadelphia, P. Blakiston’s Son & Co.,  1918

            Little can be said except that all departments develop a paperwork system – and this is it.  Illustrations of all forms in use


Webb AG.  Notes on War Pensions

            London, British Legion, 1924

The frontispiece lists the title differently as "Notes for Branch Secretaries: No 1. Great War Pensions (other ranks). The booklet sets out entitlements and current values


Weil GP.  Le Role du Pharmacien dans la guerre des Gaz

            Brussels, Jeune Pharmacie, 1934

            A short summary of the pharmacology of gas warfare, including sections on production, actions, detection, neutralisation, protection and treatment


 Whitehead I.  Doctors in the Great War

London, Leo Cooper, 1999

            A study of the development of medical services before and during the war


Wicherink JW.  Na den Oorlog. Beschouwingen wenschen, wenken op hygienisch gebied (After the War. Reflections on hygienic measurements to be taken in wartime)

Haarlem, Bohn Luc, 1918


Wilbrand H, Sänger A. Die Verletzungen der Sehbahnen des Gehirns mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Kriegsverletzungen. (Injuries of the central nervous system in war, with particular reference to the part related to vision)

            Wiesbaden, Bergmann, 1918.


Williger F. (et al.)  Die Zahnärtzliche Hilfe im Felde  (Dental care on the battlefield)

Berlin, 1914


Willoughby WG, Cassidy L.  Anti-malaria work in Macedonia among British Troops

London, HK Lewis, 1918


Wilmer WH.  Aviation medicine in the A.E.F.

            Washington DC, Dept. of Army, 1920

A detailed review of many aspects of aviation including physiology and psychiatry


Wilson RM, Wilson WMT.  War Diseases and Pensions

            London, Henry Frowde / Hodder & Stoughton, 1919

            Small reference manual aimed at medical referees, general practitioners and medical boards.  Covers neurasthenia, rheumatic disorders, dysentery, malaria and “D.A.H.” (Disordered Action of the Heart) among others; there is a comment on the real nature of DAH with reference to the suggestion that it might be a form of neurasthenia rather than a true cardiac condition – a view later upheld


Winternitz, M. C. Collected Studies on the Pathology of War Gas Poisoning, from the Dept. of Pathology & Bacteriology, Chemical Warfare Service.

            New Haven, Yale University Press, 1920.


Wood RC.  The Soldiers’ First Aid.  A simple treatise on how to treat a wounded comrade.

Toronto & London, Macmillan, 1917

Pocket sized handbook.  Wood was a Quartermaster Sergeant of the Canadian Army Medical Corps


Wright AE.  Wound Infections and Some New Methods for the Study of the Various Factors which come into Consideration in their Treatment

            London, University of London Press, 1915.

Almroth Wright was perhaps the bacteriologist par excellence of the Great War era


Wright AE.  Pathology and Treatment of War Wounds

            London, Heinemann Medical Books, 1942

            Derived from WW1 experience


Yealland L.R.  Hysterical Disorders of Warfare. 

            Macmillan and Co Ltd, London, 1918

Yealland  worked in London at the National Hospital, Queen Square, and was the archetype exponent of the ruthless, “pull yourself together” style of shellshock management



6.  General books



Anon.  Orpington from Saxon Times to the Great War

            Orpington, Workers’ Educational Association, n.d. (1919)

            A village history, of interest because it records in some detail the work of the Ontario Military Hospital (including the Facial Unit under Major Le Sueur), the local VAD Hospital, the RASC and No 8 Kent Field Ambulance.  A copy of the book was presented to the relatives of all the Overseas soldiers buried in Orpington Churchyard


Anon.  “The Times” Diary and Index of the Great War

            London, The Times Publishing Company Ltd, n.d (1920-21)

            Index to the serialised History, rarely found with the main set


Barker R.  The Royal Flying Corps in France: from Mons to the Somme

            London, Constable, 1994


Barker R.  The Royal Flying Corps in France: from Bloody April 1917 to Final Victory

            London, Constable, 1995


Beckett IFW.  The First World War.  The Essential Guide to Sources in the UK National Archives

            Kew, Public Record Office, 2002

            Covers the entire holding of the National Archives, it is divided into sections: The higher direction of the war; new ways of war; the nation in arms; war, state and society.  This actually makes it difficult to search but it is a useful browsing guide


Bourke J.  Dismembering the Male.  Men's Bodies, Britain and the Great War

            London, Reaktion Books, 1996

An interesting study of the body, with sections on mutilation and malingering (which includes a discussion of the problems of shell-shock), though with only passing reference to facial mutilation


Brown M.  The Imperial War Museum Book of the Western Front

            London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1993


Brown M.  The Imperial War Museum Book of the Somme

            London, Sidgwick & Jackson 1996


Bryant A.  Jackets of Green.

            London, Collins & Co., 1972

History of the King’s Royal Rifle Corps, colloquially known as the Greenjackets


Callister S.  The Face of War.  New Zealand’s great War Photography

            Auckland, Auckland University Press, 2008

            Sandy Callister has compiled an impressive account and record of WW1 photography documenting the NZ contribution to the war.  Chapter 5 covers he facial work of the NZ Section at the Queen's Hospital, Sidcup


Cardyne-Coyne A.  The Politics of Wounds: Military patients and medical power in the Frist World War

            Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014

            An overview of the wider effects of soldiers’ wounds, and the medical and political response to them.  Thoroughly researched, but depressingly negative, perhaps as a result of source selection, the analysis over-interprets some of the aspects and applies today’s values to yesterday’s events.


Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Somme; Beaumont Hamel

            London, Leo Cooper, 1994

One of a series of battlefield guides detailing events on the ground in a small part of the field, with details of how to visit the site and what to see today.  Using these, and Chris McCarthy’s “Day by Day” accounts of the Somme and Passchendaele (q.v.) it has often been possible to determine the place of injury of many of the Queen's Hospital patients


Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Ypres.  Sanctuary Wood and Hooge

            London, Leo Cooper 1993 (revised 1995)


Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Arras.  Vimy Ridge

            London, Leo Cooper 1996


Cecil H, Liddle P.  Facing Armageddon.  The First World War Experienced

            London, Pen & Sword Books, 1996

Papers from an international conference held in Leeds in 1994, with a section on medical aspects of the war, compiled into a huge book.


Cohen D.  The War Come Home.  Disabled Veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939

Berkeley, University of California Press, 2001

Scholarly comparison of the different way in which disabled veterans were managed; in the UK their support was almost entirely run under charity auspices while in Germany the state provided.  Cohen discusses the interesting paradox of why it was the German veterans who were the more rebellious.  See Gerber


Clark A.  The Donkeys

            London, Hutchinson 1961 (Pimlico ed 1991)

The classic “revisionist” history which decried the generals as donkeys who led lions, based on the disaster of Neuve Chapelle in 1915


Collier R.  The Plague of the Spanish Lady.  The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919.

            London, Macmillan, 1974

Written in rather vivid journalistic style, but capturing the scale and enormity of a modern plague which accounted for the death of over 20 million people worldwide


Cooper B.  The Ironclads of Cambrai.

            Souvenir Press, 1967 (Pan Books ed.1970)


Davies F, Maddocks G.  Bloody red tabs: General officer Casualties of the Great War 1914-1918

            Barnsley, Pen & Sword Books, 1995

            Biographies of the 200 or so casualties of the rank of Brigadier-General and above


Devine W.  The Story of a Battalion

            Melbourne, Melville & Mullen, 1919

            Account of the 48th Battalion, AIF, formed out of the 16th Battalion.  Of interest because it is illustrated by Daryl Lindsay, who worked at the Queen's Hospital Sidcup.  Lindsay started his war service in France as a driver in the ASC, before being recruited as a War Artist.


Duffus M.  Battlefront Nurses in WWI: The Canadian Army Medical Corps in England, France and Salonika, 1914-1919

Victoria, Town and Gown Press, 2009


van Emden R, Humphries S.  All Quiet on the Home Front.  An Oral history of Life in Britain during the First World War

            London, Headline Book Publishing, 2003

            Contains a substantial section on caring for the wounded, with previously unpublished testimony from a number of nurses and VADs


Farrar-Hockley AH.  The Somme

            London, Batsford Ltd, 1964; Pan Books ed.1966


Fussell P.  The Great War and Modern Memory

            Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1975

An interesting book which appears to have fallen into disfavour (see Stephen M, “The Price of Pity” for an exposition on this theme)


Gerber DA (ed).  Disabled veterans in history

            Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 2000

            An historical review, comprising a series of essays ranging from 16th century England to Vietnam.  Two essays cover WW1; Resnick writes about orthopaedic services developed at Shepherd’s Bush hospital (now the Hammersmith) and Cohen about British and German veterans and work See separate entry for Deborah Cohen’s expanded study


Gilbert M.  First World War

            London, Weidenfeld & Nicholson 1994; Penguin ed 1995


Gliddon G.  Legacy of the Somme 1916.  The battle in film, fact and fiction

            Stroud, Sutton Publishing Ltd 1996

A comprehensive bibliography of publications which refer to the Somme, including many regimental histories as well as general books.


Graves D.  A Crown of Life: The World of John McCrae

            Staplehurst, Spellmount Ltd, 1997

Biography of John McCrae, soldier, doctor and poet (q.v.)


Greenwald L.  Heroes with a Thousand Faces.  True stories of people with facial deformities and their quest for acceptance

            Cleveland, Cleveland Clinic Press, 2007

            Contains references to Gillies’ work at Sidcup


Griffith P (ed).  British Fighting Methods in the Great War

            London & Portland, Frank Cass, 1996

A series of essays on various tactical aspects of the war, including an essay by Geoffrey Noon on the treatment of casualties


Hallett CE. Containing Trauma: Nursing Work in the First World War

            Manchester, University Press, 2009


Hargrave J.  The Suvla Bay Landing

            London, Macdonald, 1964

The author served with the 32nd Field Ambulance, Xth (Irish) Division.  The book is part personal memoir, part campaign history


Harper G.  Images of War: World War One; A photographic record of New Zealanders at war, 1914-1918

            Auckland, HarperCollins (New Zealand) Ltd, 2008

            Many wartime photographs from the Army Memorial Museum collection and from individuals, including some of facial injury from the Gillies Archive


Harris J.  The Somme: Death of a Generation

            London, Hodder & Stoughton, 1966


Harrison M.  The Medical War: British military medicine in the First World War

            Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2010

            A masterly overview of the organisation of, and problems faced by military medicine in the Great War.  It is particularly good on the lesser-known medical aspects of campaigns of Gallipoli,  Mesopotamia, East Africa and Salonika and covers the problems of disease as well as injury.


Holden W.  Shell Shock.  The Psychological Impact of war.

            London, Channel 4 Books, 1998

The first three chapters cover the Great War and its aftermath


Holding N.  World War I Army Ancestry

            Birmingham, Federation of Family History Societies, 1982, 2nd Ed 1991


Holding N.  More sources of World War I Army Ancestry

            Birmingham, Federation of Family History Societies, 1986, 2nd Ed 1991

These two publications by Norman Holding provide an essential guide to tracking down information about men serving in the British army in the Great War. The author’s father served in the ASC and RAMC, and Holding compiled his books while tracing his details.


 Holding N.  Location of Army Records of the First World War


Holmes R.  Firing Line

London, Jonathan Cape, 1985

A study of battlefield psychology, written by an historian, and covering wars of all ages but with substantial reference to WW1


Honigsbaum M.  Living with Enza.  Th forgotten story of Britain and the great ‘flu pandemic of 1918

            London. Macmillan, 2009

            Scholarly account of a major medical problem which caused many military casualties in the last months of the war


Horne A.  The Price of Glory.  Verdun 1916

            London, Macmillan, 1962 (Penguin ed 1994)

The definitive English language account of the horror of Verdun, which the Somme offensive was designed to relieve.


Horsfall J, Cave N.  Battleground Europe: Somme. Serre.

            London, Leo Cooper 1996


Keegan J.  The Face of Battle

            London, Jonathan Cape, 1976 (Penguin ed 1978)

Detailed analysis of Agincourt (1415), Waterloo (1815) and the Somme


Keegan J.  Battle at Sea.  From Man of War to Submarine

            London, Pimlico, 1993

Including an account of the battle of Jutland


Ketchum JD.  Ruhleben: A Prison Camp Society

            University of Toronto Press &  London, Oxford University Press, 1964

            Written by a Professor of psychology who was himself an inmate of the camp it describes what the foreword’s author, Robert B MacLeod, calls a strange society


Knightley P.  The First Casualty.  From the Crimea to the Falklands: The War Correspondent as Hero, Propagandist and Myth Maker

            London, André Deutsch, 1975 (Pan Books Ed. 1989)


Lee J.  War Girls. The First Aid Nursing Yeomanry in the First World War

            Manchester, University Press, 2012


Liddle PH.  The Airman’s War 1914-18

            Poole, Blandford Press, 1987

A photograph of Lieut Bath, a Canadian pilot, having a shave is included.  Bath later crashed and was treated for his facial fractures at the Queen’s Hospital


Liddle PH.  The Worst Ordeal.  Britons at Home and Abroad 1914-1918

            London, Leo Cooper, 1994

A compilation of photographs and personal memories illustrating many aspects of war, with a number of references to physical and psychological injury.  Bell, a Sidcup patient, is illustrated


Liddle P. (Ed).  Passchendaele in Perspective.  The Third Battle of Ypres

            London, Leo Cooper, 1997

A detailed compilation of articles including an evaluation by Ian Whitehead of casualties and the British Medical Services


Macdonald L.  The Roses of No Man's Land. 

            London, Michael Joseph, 1980

The definitive book on nursing experience, told by many personally interviewed nurses, of nursing experiences of the Great War.  It includes a section on the sculpting of “Tin Faces” to cover facial defects.


Macdonald L.  Somme.

            London, Michael Joseph, 1983


Macdonald L.  They called it Passchendaele

            London, Michael Joseph, 1978 (Penguin ed 1993)


Macdonald L.  1914-1918.  Voices and Images of the Great War

            London, Michael Joseph, 1988; Penguin Ed 1991


Masefield J.  The Battle of the Somme. 

            London, William Heinemann, 1919: Reprinted Cedric Chivers 1968


McCarthy C.  The Somme.  The Day by Day Account. 

            London, Arms and Armour Press, 1993


McCarthy C.  The Third Ypres: Passchendaele.  The Day-by-Day Account

            London, Arms and Armour Press, 1995

Two books detailing actions on each day of the Somme and Third Ypres campaigns.  Fully illustrated with many battlefield maps.


Mawson TH.  An Imperial Obligation.  Industrial Villages for Partially Disabled Soldiers and Sailors.

London, Grant Richards Ltd, 1917

A curious publication setting out plans for the development of special facilities for disabled servicemen— a project which was never realised.


Mayhew E.  Wounded. From Battlefield to Blighty 1914-1918

            London, The Bodley Head, 2013

            Accounts of doctors, ambulancemen, chaplains, nurses and the wounded themselves, drawn from personal accounts and partially fictionalised


McKee A.  Vimy Ridge

            London, Souvenir Press 1966


Middlebrook M.  The First Day on the Somme. 

            London, Allen Lane, 1981


Ousby I.  The Road to Verdun. France, Nationalism and the First World War

            London, Jonathan Cape 2002 (Pimlico 2003)

            Modern study of this monumental battle


Popham H.  The FANY in Peace and War.  The story of the First Aid Nursing Yeomanry 1907-2003

            Barnsley, Leo Cooper, 2003 (revised ed; first published by Secker & Warburg, 1984)

            Chapters 2-5 deal with the First World War


Pugsley C.  On the Fringe of Hell.  New Zealanders and military discipline in the First World War. 

            Auckland, Hodder & Stoughton, 1991

An interesting study of soldiers’ behaviour, with an account of the Antipodean attitude to capital punishment which is important reading.


Prior R, Wilson T.  Passchendaele: The Untold Story

            New Haven & London, Yale University Press, 1996

A “Haig was wrong” history, but detailed and largely objective in approach, and very comprehensive.  Well written.


Quinn S.  Agnes Warner and the Nursing Sisters of the Great War

Fredericton, Goose Lane Editions, 2010


Rees P.  The Other Anzacs: Nurses at War, 1914-1918

Crows Nest, Allen and Unwin, 2008


Resnick J.  Healing the Nation: Soldiers and the Culture of Caregiving in Britain During the Great War

            Manchester, University Press, 2005


Sontag S.  Regarding the pain of others

            New York, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2003 (Penguin, 2004)

            Short book by Susan Sontag.  Described by the London “Daily Telegraph” as “a brilliant analysis of our numbed response to images of horror”


Spencer W.  Army Service Records of the First World War

            Kew, Public Record Office, 2001 (3rd Ed)

            An invaluable guide to the records of British servicemen in the PRO (now the National Archives).  Medical records may be part of servicemen’s individual records (WO 363 and 364) while medical unit records are in WO95 (the War Diaries) with a 2% sample of full records in MH 106.  Anyone researching a casualty should start here.  Because only 25% of individual records survived the WW2 fire it may only be possible to ascertain the context of an injury


Stedman M.  Battleground Europe: Somme.  Thiepval.

            London, Leo Cooper 1995


Stephen M.  The Price of Pity

            London, Leo Cooper, 1996

A finely written book dealing robustly with many war myths, and with an interesting analysis of war poetry and the men who wrote it


Taylor FAJ. The bottom of the barrel.

London-New York, Regency Press, 1978

‘Tanky’ Taylor’s memoirs, containing a powerful description of a German soldier with a facial injury.


Terraine J.  To Win a War.  1918, The Year of Victory

            London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1978 (Papermac ed 1986)

The archetype “Haig was right” book detailing the failings (on both sides) of the German advance of March, and the allied successes from July and August which led to Victory.  The American contribution is put into context, Terraine noting that most of their armaments were British or French, and that it was the numbers and tenacity of the fighting men that helped turn the tide


Terraine J.  The Smoke and the Fire.  Myths and anti-myths of War 1861-1945

            London, Sidgwick & Jackson, 1980


Terraine J.  White Heat.  The New Warfare 1914-1918

            London, Guild Publishing, 1982

A careful analysis of the new war technology, in particular the machine gun and heavy artillery.


Vansittart P.  John Masefield’s Letters from the Front 1915-17

            New York, Franklin Watts, 1985

Includes Masefield’s account of his visit to Neuilly, with a description of facial injury


Warner P.  World War One.  A chronological Narrative.

            London, Arms and Armour Press, 1995


Watrin J.  The British Military Cemeteries in the Region of Boulogne-sur-Mer.

            Lewes, The Book Guild, 1987

A brief guide to the cemeteries, most of which, in this area, were near to the coastal base hospitals.  A number of doctors and nurses who died lie here; John McCrae (q.v.), author of “In Flanders Fields”, is interred at Wimereux.  Includes a description of the work of the St John’s Hospital established at Etaples in 1915.


Williamson H.  The Collector and Researchers Guide to the Great War

            Privately published, Anne Wilkinson, 2003

            Volume 1 covers medals and papers; Volume 2 deals with small arms, munitions and militaria.  Contains an enormous, even obsessional amount of detail


Winter J, Baggett B.  1914-18: The Great War and the Shaping of the 20th Century

            London, BBC Books, 1996

Based on the BBC television series which was screened first in 1996-7.  A section on facial disfigurement in the French army, quoting the experience of Henriette Rémi (q.v.)


Winter D.  Death’s Men. Soldiers of the Great War

            London, Allen Lane 1978; Penguin Books 1979

Contains a chapter on wounds and injury


Wolff L.  In Flanders Fields

            London, Longman Green & Co, 1958

The classic account of the Western Front battles of 1917


Young A.  The Harmony of Illusions.  Inventing post-traumatic stress disorder

            Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1996

Analysis of the development of the modern concept of PTSD, with a substantial section on the Great War and the contributions of Rivers and Yealland among others.



7.   Journals of hospitals and other units; part works


A large number of medical and ambulance units printed journals or magazines and there is a large collection of these in the British Library (from the bibliography of which (q.v.) many of these references are derived). Some volumes of hospital derived (medical) journals are also included here where their content is related mainly to war activity


2/1st West Lancashire Field Ambulance

Motley.  Liverpool, 1918 etc.


Anon (several authors) Année de GUERRE 1914-1915.Bulletin de la Société de Médecine de Nancy
Nancy, Société de Médecine, n.d.


Anon. With The Forty-Fourths: being a Record of the Doings of the 44th Field Ambulance (14th Division)

London: Spottiswoode, Ballantyne & Co Ltd: 1922


Anon.  The Good-bye Book of the Quai d’Escale

            London, HJ Gains & Co, c.1919

            An illustrated booklet containing articles by various members of the nursing staff.  The Quai d’Escale was the portside railway terminus at Le Havre, and had been requisitioned as No 2 General Hospital, being decommissioned in March 1919.  The afterword is written by Col Firth, DDMS for the area


Beaver P (Ed)  The Wipers Times.  A complete facsimile... 

            London, Peter Davies Ltd, 1973


Behind the Lines;  The unofficial magazine of No. 10 Stationary Hospital. 

Somewhere in France. 1916-


Canadian Hospital News

            Magazine of the Canadian Hospitals in Ramsgate and Chatham


“Carry On”.  A Magazine on the Reconstruction of Disabled Soldiers and Sailors

            New York, American Red Cross (published for the Surgeon-General) 1918-

            With a distinguished Editorial Board, this illustrated journal describes the scope of post-war rehabilitation of disabled soldiers and includes information on occupational therapy, physiotherapy and proposals for employment; the archive possesses 3 issues


Clearings; Canadian Contingent, B.E.F.  No. 4 Casualty Clearing Station



First Eastern General Hospital Gazette, Cambridge

Cambridge, 1915-

We possess 2 copies; No 4 and No 8 (May 25th and July 20th 1915)


Huddersfield War Hospital Magazine.

Huddersfield, 1916-


”It”.  Gup and Gossip from the War Hospitals, Exeter

            We possess the last issue, April 1919, of what appears to have been a monthly production in fairly typical format.  The Exeter hospitals comprised eight sections in the city, with St Thomas’ Infirmary and 35 other hospitals, which included a limb-fitting service from July 1918


Journal of the 3rd London General Hospital, Wandsworth

See the entries for Muir W.  Our incomplete run is full of hospital anecdotes, cartoons and other material to lift the spirits.  The famous cartoonist H.M.Bateman drew a few.  “The Doings of Donovan” (q.v.) first appeared here


Kenchington F.  Dick Whittington: A Pantomime.  A souvenir of Salonika, Christmas 1915

            London, privately printed, 1916

            The pantomime was performed by members of the 85th Field Ambulance (3rd London) to a large part of the Salonika contingent.  Perhaps it was more entertaining on stage than it is in print, but the illustrations are amusing.  The ensemble was accompanied by a “small orchestra” of piano, violin and piccolo; Alice was played by Cpl EJ Dillon


Kenchington F.  Aladdin. A Pantomime by members of the 85th Field Ambulance

            London, Andrew Melrose Ltd, 1917

            The Unit’s second pantomime; the Introduction indicates that the entertainment was better prepared, and more lavish than the first


Peeko Journal.  The Organ of ‘P’ Company, RAMC

One issue of this journal, from a unit based at Longleat House in Wiltshire, has been catalogued


Record; The Chain Tuffieha, Malta,.

Malta, 1916.


”Stand Easy” (Chronicles of Cliveden)

We possess one bound volume of this journal of the Canadian Hospital, Taplow, Berks, covering May-November 1918 (it commences at issue 23).  That the hospital inmates were encouraged to visit Taplow village (which lies adjacent to the great house of Cliveden, previously owned by the Astor family) is evident from the large number of local advertisements.  The hospital later evolved into the Canadian Red Cross Hospital, famous as the birthplace of paediatric rheumatology under Dr Barbara Ansell.


The Bath Bun : the book of the Bath War Hospital.

Bath, 1918